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Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Contributor: Hamilton, James, 1710-1783 | Montour, Andrew | Stobo, Robert, 1726-1770 | Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760 | Claus, Daniel, 1727-1787 | Croghan, George, 1720?-1782 | Morris, Robert Hunter, approximately 1700-1764 | Great Britain. Board of Trade | Sharpe, Horatio, 1718-1790 | Post, Christian Frederick, 1710?-1785 | Shirley, William, 1694-1771
Subject: Pennsylvania--History | New York (State)--History | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 | Diplomacy | Treaties | Warfare | Indian captivities | Land transfers | Land claims | Ohio--History
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various items relating to Haudenosaunee-Pennsylvania relations, largely in the 1750s. Topics include need for colonial governments to renew the covenant chain; death of Tanaghrisson (Seneca, also called the Half King) suspected to be witchcraft; the diplomatic work of Scarroyady (Oneida, also called Monacatootha and the Half King), especially as a go-between between the Haudenosaunee and Pennsylvania; the Albany Plan of Union; a conference with Caughnawagas [Kahnawakes] and negotiations for the redemption of an Indian held prisoner by the Caughnawagas; drunken conduct of Andrew Montour; Conrad Weiser's dealings with the family of Shickellamy (Oneida); John Lidieus's purchase of Susquehanna lands from the Haudenosaunee for Connecticut; George Croghan's meeting at Logstown with Haudenosaunee and Shawnees; a document prepared for Governor Hamilton listing events, letters, resolutions, and behavior of Miamis and other Indians toward Haudenosaunee, Ohio lands, etc.; 1754 appointment of John Penn, Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin as Commissioners of Pennsylvania to a list of Haudenosaunee people present at the 1758 Treaty of Easton; and Christian Frederick Post on Indian character.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)
Alternate forms: Odawa
Date: November 11, 1766
Contributor: Wharton, Thomas, 1730-1782
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter informing Franklin that Sir William Johnson has had a treaty with Pontiac and a great number of southern Indians at Oswego, and has settled matters to their satisfaction.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)
Culture: Anishinaabe | Seneca | Haudenosaunee | Lenape | Shawnee | Wyandot | Miami | Ojibwe | Potawatomi | Odawa
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Contributor: Pierce, John, 1745?-1808 | Pennsylvania. Provincial Council | Montrésor, John, 1736-1799
Subject: Murder | Indian traders | Fur trade | Alcohol | Pennsylvania--History | Diplomacy | Treaties | Pontiac's Conspiracy, 1763-1765 | Canada--History--To 1763 (New France) | Witchcraft | Religion
Extent: 3 items
Description: Colonel John French and James Logan's 1722 report to the Pennsylvania Provincial Council about the murder of an Indian by traders John and Edmund Cartlidge during a drunken brawl, including depositions and Indians' demands for satisfaction. John Montresor's letter to Colonel James Montresor, regarding his meeting with the Senecas and meetings with other Native peoples in the Great Lakes region in fall of 1764, during Pontiac's War; his position made precarious by General Gage's desire to continue war; French aid to Indians. Pierce's 1801 journal of a visit to Cornplanter Reservation, including an account of Conediu (Handsome Lake) meetings with Indians, September 18-21. Conediu accuses Munsy of witchcraft on Cornplanter's daughter.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa
Contributor: McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 | Lewis, James Otto, 1799-1858 | Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 | Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849
Extent: 3 volumes, 29 watercolor illustrations
Description: A record of a journey undertaken by Thomas L. McKenney and Lewis Cass, from Washington, D.C., to Fond du Lac, Wisc., to negotiate a treaty with the Chippewa and other Indians. McKenney, the Superindenant of Indian Affairs, includes an account of travel on the Great Lakes and a description of the "character" and customs of the Chippewa Indians, an account of the treaty of Fond du Lac, and a vocabulary of the Algic or Chippewa language. The manuscript, a fair copy of the original sent to a London publisher, is illustrated throughout with watercolor sketches of scenes and persons. It was originally published in Baltimore in 1827. Schoolcraft-Gallatin Chippewa vocabulary appears at beginning, but the manuscript lacks appendices found in the printed text. Watercolors are different in small details, superior in color to printed text.
Collection: Sketches of a Tour to the Lakes (Mss.917.7.M19)