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Inuit
Alternate forms: Eskimo
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1850-1857
Extent: .5 linear feet
Description: Philadelphia-born adventurer Elisha Kent Kane is perhaps best remembered for his involvement in both the First and Second Grinnell Expeditions (1850-1851 and 1853-1855, respectively) in search of lost Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin. The Elisha Kent Kane Papers also deal with Kane's other travels (to China, Africa, Mexico, etc.) as well as his rather scandalous personal life. During his time in the Arctic, Kane observed local Inuit peoples, and as an incessant doodler he created hundreds of images as well as textual records. Kane's observations of Inuits are located primarily in Series IV. Bound Volumes and Series V. Graphics. Series IV includes a notebook, a letterbook (with sketches, including images of Inuits kayaking), a logbook, a notebook of specimens located in the Arctic, a meteorological journal, and a diary from the First Grinnell Expedition, and two volumes of notebooks (with meteorological observations and sketches) from the Second Grinnell Expedition. Series V contains over 200 sketches, watercolors, silhouettes, maps, and engravings of Inuits of Baffin Bay drawn by Kane during both arctic expeditions. Primarily from the first trip, images include portraits of individuals in native attire, landscapes, dwellings, hunting tools, kayaks, and encampments. As noted above, Kane's log and notebooks are also dotted throughout with sketches. Of note in the Graphics series is a watercolor of an Inuit boy netting auks. Kane's published works, "The United States Grinnell expedition in search of Sir John Franklin (1853)" and "Arctic explorations: the second expedition…(1857)," include engravings of all his original drawings. These images are referenced in the sketch file, the finding aid contains a detailed inventory, and some have been digitized and are part of the APS Digital Library. There might also be some Inuit-related material in Series I. Correspondence and Series III. George W. Corner, Notes on Elisha Kent Kane. Corner prepared a biography of Kane, and this series includes copies of letters and documents relating to Kane and his expeditions held in other libraries, as well as some of Corner's notes and drafts of writings on Kane, including a copy of A.F.C. Wallace, "An interdisciplinary approach to mental disorder among the Polar Eskimos of Northwest Greenland."
Collection: Elisha Kent Kane Papers (Mss.B.K132)

Tiwa
Alternate forms: Isleta, Pueblo
Language(s): English
Date: 1936-1941
Extent: .25 linear feet; 189 items
Description: These 189 original watercolor and ink drawings of pueblo activities were drawn by Joe Bartolo Lente, of Isleta Pueblo of New Mexico. The drawings were commissioned by Elsie Clews Parsons, a sociologist, anthropologist, and folklorist. In 1962, 140 of the paintings were published in "Isleta Paintings" by the Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. These materials have been designated as culturally sensitive and cannot be reproduced in any fashion.
Collection: Isleta sketches (Mss.572.P25.1.No.25)

Otoe
Alternate forms: Otoe
Language(s): English
Date: May 1820
Subject: Expeditions
Extent: 1 item
Description: "Ottoes." Pen and water color sketch. Taken on Long expedition.
Collection: Peale-Sellers Family Collection (Mss.B.P31)

Pawnee | Arapaho | Kiowa
Language(s): English
Date: 1820
Extent: 1 item
Description: Watercolor and pencil sketch. "Pawnee Skesria breastwork on the River La platte occupied by a band which fought the Spanish and Kiawas-Chians, Arrapahos etc. in the spring of 1820 drawn on the coming of the alarm at said place." Long expedition sketch.
Collection: Peale-Sellers Family Collection (Mss.B.P31)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa
Language(s): English | Chippewa
Date: 1826
Type:Text
Extent: 3 volumes, 29 watercolor illustrations
Description: A record of a journey undertaken by Thomas L. McKenney and Lewis Cass, from Washington, D.C., to Fond du Lac, Wisc., to negotiate a treaty with the Chippewa and other Indians. McKenney, the Superindenant of Indian Affairs, includes an account of travel on the Great Lakes and a description of the "character" and customs of the Chippewa Indians, an account of the treaty of Fond du Lac, and a vocabulary of the Algic or Chippewa language. The manuscript, a fair copy of the original sent to a London publisher, is illustrated throughout with watercolor sketches of scenes and persons. It was originally published in Baltimore in 1827. Schoolcraft-Gallatin Chippewa vocabulary appears at beginning, but the manuscript lacks appendices found in the printed text. Watercolors are different in small details, superior in color to printed text.
Collection: Sketches of a Tour to the Lakes (Mss.917.7.M19)