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Language(s): English
Date: 1797-1898
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Miscellaneous materials pertaining to American Indians. Topics include "Indian antiquities"; Material culture; "Welsh Indians"; requests to borrow or consult materials housed at the proposed loans of items to the Smithsonian Institution and to the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago; papers being prepared or published; and publications forwarded by or presented to the APS. Specific items of particular interest include the "Report of the committee appointed to draw up rules and regulations for 'a standing committee for collecting information as to the antiquities of North America'"; "Concerning inquiries to be made by Major Long of the Indians," four sets of queries Long is to pose to Native groups; and a book Robert Waln identifies as Chinese, and suggests its being found among American Indians indicates either trade or Chinese origin of Indians. No specific indigenous group mentioned. Individuals mentioned include J. Peter Lesley, Hugh Henry Brackenridge, Schoolcraft, Alice Fletcher, Horatio Hale, Alexander von Humboldt, Albert Gallatin, Champlain, Dr. Samuel Brown, Dr. Robert M. Patterson, and Robert Walsh.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Seneca | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1886-1948
Extent: 25 items
Description: Materials relating to archaeological sites in Pennsylvania, many excavated through the Works Progress Administration. Includes site reports, site notes, photographs, photograph albums, maps, geological surveys, drawings, blueprints, news clippings, article and manuscript drafts, and other materials pertaining to sites throughout Pennsylvania. Sites mentioned include the 28th Street site and Wesleyville site (Erie County), the Guyasutha Mound (Allegheny County), Sugar Run sites, Phillips, Fort Hill, and Martin sites, Book Mound (Tuscarora Creek, Juniata County), Clemson's Mound (Susquehanna River, Dauphin County), Brock Village site (Muncy Creek Township), Nelson Mound, Williams Mound, the Sick site (South Towanda, Bradford County), Spartansburg Mound, McKees Rock Mound, and Crall Mound (Washington County). Drafted or completed manuscripts include Fisher's "Southwest Pennsylvania Materials," Cresson's "Archaeological survey of Somerset County, Pennsylvania," Gilmore's "Identification of faunal remains from southwestern Pennsylvania archaeological sites...and report...of animal remains," Schoff's "McFate site report on archaeological excavations," Stewart's "Skeletal remains from Fayette and Somerset counties, Pennsylvania," and Cadzow's "Archaeological explorations in western Pennsylvania," and Augustine and Butler's "Miscellaneous reports on Johnson, Miller, Jacobs, Hooks Run, Logan, Jimerson sites," a survey of northwestern Pennsylvania sites on Seneca-owned property in Warren County. Among the archaeological cultures and aspects mentioned are Adena, Hopewell (or Hopewellian), Woodlands culture, Monongahela aspect, Owasco, Point Peninsula aspect, and Algonquian.
Collection: United States. Work Projects Administration (Pa.) Reports, 1918-1948 (Mss.913.748.Un3)

Quechua
Alternate forms: Inca
Language(s): English
Date: 1819-1859
Type:Text
Extent: 5 items
Description: Items relating to Quechua materials. Items include Peter A. Browne's letter regarding microscopic examination of hair of ancient Peruvians and modern Indians; S. Curson's report concerning Arequipa, Peru, including a climb of Mount Yachi, Quechua concepts of oxygen deficiency, and local Indians' attitude toward revelation of mine locations; Joseph E. Bloomfield's letter to John Vaughan concerning Peruvian vases taken from Temple of the Sun by Pizarro's men, received in Spain and now deposited with the American Philosophical Society for inspection; Samuel G. Morton's letter to Vaughan regarding a collection of antique Peruvian vessels "from ruins near Truxillo" deposited in his care for the APS by Marmaduke Burrough (a memoir by Dr. Burrough to follow); and Peter S. du Ponceau's letter to Johann S. Vater concerning Indian languages, especially those of Peru, requesting Vater's addenda so Du Ponceau can publish a translation of Vater's book, and information received from Don Pedro Perez, half-breed Quechua, regarding the "I am that I am" problem in linguistics, and regarding Basque and South American-Malay comparisons.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Seneca | Haudenosaunee | Delaware
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1929-1947
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two items relating to the excavation of Seneca-associated sites in New York and Pennsylvania under the Works Progress Administration. Skinner's 1929 "Reports of Pennsylvania Archaeological Survey," concerns the ethnological work of Dorothy P. (Mrs. Alanson) Skinner among Senecas at Quaker Bridge and Cornplanter Reservation, New York, with discussions of Frank G. Speck's field work among the Delawares and archaeological work at Clemson's Island, Pennsylvania. Schoff and Cadzow's collection of materials on the Irvine Mound Group in Warren County, Pennsylvania, consists of 100 photographs, 48 negatives, and 86 pages describing the excavations and artifacts, particularly of the Buckaloons site and the Nathaniel mound, and some letters to Edmund Carpenter from Frank M. Setzler, William N. Fenton, A. Wetmore, and Richard G. Morgan.
Collection: United States. Work Projects Administration (Pa.) Reports, 1918-1948 (Mss.913.748.Un3)