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Contributor: Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969
Extent: 1 unbound photostat volume
Description: List with sketches of design of artifacts in various French and British museums; Canadian and U.S. Indian materials, as well as South Pacific, Southeast Asian, and provincial French pieces. Some bibliographic references.
Collection: Checklist of American Indian antiquities found in European institutions..., (Mss.016.9701.B235c)
Alternate forms: Sioux
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950
Extent: 19 pages
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Dakota history, language, and culture. Includes 4 pages of Santee utterances with translations and ethnographic and linguistic notes; 1 page containing the name of Santee shield; 11 pages, circa 1934, with names and addresses of Dakota Indian; museum specimens; phonetic names of material culture objects. Mrs. A. L. Haines and Richard Night Chase (a Dakota) to Speck, January 2, 1927, autograph letter signed, 3 pages, concerning possible specimens.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Subject: Archaeology | Mounds | Funeral rites and ceremonies | Human remains | Pottery | Museums | Museums | Illinois--History
Extent: .1 linear feet
Description: This collection of memorabilia includes clippings, postcards (one from Marion H. Dickson), a brochure, and an arrow-head (a gift from the site to Murphy D. Smith, who deposited these materials at the APS). Images from a 1945 article in the Peoria Morning Star on the establishment of the new historical state park at the site include several striking photos of an excavated burial site (described as containing 230 skeletons of Mound-builders who died in a devastating epidemic), including one with of a school group at the burial site and another highlighting Dr. Don F. Dickson's method of leaving the dead in situ; a photo of the Dickson family farmstead (on which the Dickson mounds were located) before the establishment of the state park; and a photo of reconstructed pottery displayed in the museum. There is also a brochure about the site as a tourist and educational attraction with information on the history of the mounts, the Dickson Mound Museum, the work of the Dickson family (primarily Dr. Don F. Dickson, Marion H. Dickson, and Thomas M. Dickson), and the neighboring Payne Collection of artifacts. Several images of the excavated mass burial indicate that it was expected to be the main attraction to visitors, and it is called the "greatest display of stone age man in the world...230 skeletons left in original positions." Views of the burial site are also featured on the two postcards. The Dickson Mounds Museum is still a branch of the Illinois State Museum, and the Dickson Mounds are now understood to be a Mississippian cemetery complex associated with nearby village sites and a ceremonial center.
Collection: Dickson Mound (Lewistown, Ill.) Memorabilia (Mss.970.6.D56)
Alternate forms: Kumeyaay, Diegueño, Kamia, Tipai-Ipai
Contributor: Aldama, Maria | Alto, Rebecca | Ames, Ramon | Barrett, Florence | Couro, Ted | Hinton, Leanne | Hutcheson, Christina | Kwaha, Fernando | Langdon, Margaret, 1926-2005 | La Chappa, Mary Leon | Largo, Teneslado | Lopez, Ortiz | Machado, Anjelina | Murillo, Alejandrina | Ponchetti, Steve | Robertson, Rosalie | Thing, Isabel
Subject: California--History | Folklore | Food | Material culture | Museums | Sonora (Mexico : State)--History
Extent: 3 sound tape reels (6 hr., 34 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Field recordings made with Kumiai / Kumeyaay (Diegueño) speakers from numerous communities in San Diego County, California, and Sonora, Mexico. Primarily consists of traditional stories, including Coyote stories. Also includes Vocabularies, conversations, description of the preparation of acorns for food, identification of museum artifacts, and an extended account of the Mission Indian Federation. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Diegueño texts (Mss.Rec.76)
Contributor: Fiske, Moses | Peale, Franklin, 1795-1870 | Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827 | Sellers, George Escol
Subject: Human remains | Funeral rites and ceremonies | Mounds | Mississippian culture | Adena culture | Hopewell culture | Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806) | Antiquities | Material culture | Pottery | Peale's Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Museums
Extent: 4 items
Description: 1) Moses Fiske's description of skeletal remains found in basket burial in Warren County, Tennessee, in 1810. 2) Charles Willson Peale's catalogue of museum contents: "Indian curiosities, dresses, ornaments. Implements of agriculture, war, etc. of various nations. In the upper Room." Artifacts and articles of dress of western Indians (Lewis and Clark); ornaments from Ohio mounds; unidentified belts, pouches, and arrowheads. 3) Benjamin Franklin Peale's description of his collection of Material culture; thinks pottery fragments sent to him by Sellers are those of Mound Builders. 4) George Escol Seller's letter describing his artifacts from mounds in Ohio, 60 specimens of tools and cloth. Argues that Franklin Peale collected specimens to show the unity of mankind, while Sellers collects to find the variety of tools. Discusses Mound Builders at some length.
Collection: Peale-Sellers Family Collection (Mss.B.P31)
Culture: Chickasaw | Choctaw | Catawba | Tutelo | Natchez | Caddo | Lenape | Meskwaki | Tunica | Beothuk | Montauk | Seminole | Cherokee | Yuchi | Creek
Alternate forms: Fox
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Hardenbrook, Louise | Greywacz, Kathryn B. | Howells, W. W. (William White), 1908-2005 | Launer, Philip | Rathbone, Perry Townsend, 1911-2000 | Fewkes, Vladimir J. | Hawkes, Ernest William, 1883- | Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994 | McKern, W. C. (Will Carleton), 1892- | Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995 | Spaulding, Albert C. (Albert Clanton), 1914-1990 | Birket-Smith, Kaj, 1893-1977 | Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977 | Eisenberger, E. | MacDonald, Ada S. | Swales, Bradshaw Hall, 1875- | Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988 | Douglas, Frederic H. (Frederic Huntington), 1897-1956 | Cartwright, Willena Dutcher | Jones, Volney H. (Volney Hurt), 1903-1982 | Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953 | Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949 | Caldwell, Joseph R.
Subject: Fieldwork | Ethnography | Ethnohistory | Anthropology | Archaeology | Shamanism | Scapulimancy | Treaties | Mounds | Basketry | Indian arts--North America | Place names | Museums | Ethnology
Extent: 18 folders
Description: This entry concerns materials relating to Speck's general study of Native American peoples, languages, and cultures east of the Mississippi, as well as to his activities as a consulted expert in the field. Includes Speck's miscellaneous notes on the southeast; notes on "tribal remnants" in the southeast; notes on shamanism in the northeast; notes on the 1941 symposium Man in Northeastern America; offprints, drafts, and synopses of the work of others, sometimes with Speck's notes, including several that were printed in Frederick Johnson's 1946 volume based on the symposium, Man in Northeastern North America; archaeological reports on southeastern pottery, mound sites, and the Georgia coast; a student's master's thesis on mound-builders; and letters from various correspondents regarding eastern Indian baskets, museum specimens, the sale of Indian art and specimens, the ethnohistory of the southeast, Indian place names, archaeological sites in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, scapulimancy, copies of Indian treaties from a museum in Nova Scotia, and other topics.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Culture: Haudenosaunee | Lenape | Catawba | Cherokee | Houma | Nanticoke | Abenaki | Cayuga | Tutelo | Onondaga | Mohawk | Tuscarora
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Date: 1777-1950, bulk 1914-1950
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005 | Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 | Newhouse, Seth | Buck, John L. | Séguin, Robert-Lionel | Wallace, Paul A. W. | Ioma, John | Moses, Jesse | Smith, Harlan Ingersoll, 1872-1940 | Deardorff, Merle H., 1890-1971 | Hill, David
Subject: Ethnography | Anthropology | Wampum | Religion | Funeral rites and ceremonies | Rites and ceremonies | Government relations | Warfare | Hunting | Agriculture | Population | Museums | Material culture | Art
Extent: 23 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Haudenosaunee history, language, and culture. Includes correspondence with Haudenosaunee consultants like John L. Buck, Seth Newhouse, Josiah Hill, David S. Hill, etc., on topics ranging from the seizure of wampum by the Canadian government, Newhouse's request that Speck secure wampum for him, Newhouse's offer to sell Speck his history manuscript, which he has been working on since 1885 [#1650], Haudenosaunee burial customs, religion, etc.; an essay by Jesse Moses titled "The Long-House man, a Six Nations Indian of Canada speaks his mind," about the relationship of Christianity and the long-house religion; Speck's correspondence with William N. Fenton, principally concerning field work among the Catawba, Cherokee, and Houma but also touching on Fenton's Seneca field work, Speck's various studies of the Haudenosaunee, and the Second Conference on Iroquois Research; correspondence with other anthropologists about various aspects of Haudenosaunee history and culture such as material culture specimens, archaeology, historical sources, agriculture, education, warfare, religion, population statistics, etc.; a draft of Speck's "Reflections on Iroquois religion" and related correspondence; an undated document describing a meeting of Delaware, Nanticoke, and Canadian Iroquois in the presence of Speck and recounting the injustices suffered by Indians in United States and Canada; a copy of a 1777 treaty made by Peter F. Timothy, a Moravian Delaware, in August 1888, and transmitted to Speck by Jesse Moses; and Speck's research notes and other miscellaneous correspondence on topics such as masks, art, museum specimens, hunting territory, chiefships, words, warfare with the Abenaki, the Delaware-as-women theme, academic publications and conferences, etc.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Date: 1883-1892, 1920-1924, 1929-1932, 1936, 1938-1940
Contributor: Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 | Bunzel, Ruth Leah, 1898-1990 | Cochise, George | Crow-wing | Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 | Forde, C. Daryll | Lowie, Robert Harry, 1883-1957 | Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941 | Stephen, Alexander M. | White, Leslie A. | Whorf, Benjamin Lee, 1897-1941
Subject: Arizona--History | Folklore | Kinship | Material culture | Museums | Religion | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Extent: 24 notebooks, 300+ pages
Description: The Hopi materials in the Elsie Clews Parsons papers consist of a large amount of material found in several different section of the collection. In Subcollection I, Series II, "Notes, manuscripts, etc.", item 18 includes the notebooks of Alexander Stephen from 1885-1892; item 51 includes a significant number of photographs from Hopi communities from the period of 1918-1926; and items 46 and 61 also contain briefer manuscript materials relating to Hopi ceremonies. In Subcollection II, Series I, "Professional Correspondence", a number of Correspondences pertain to Hopi matters, particularly Parsons' correspondence with Franz Boas, Ruth Bunzel, Frederick Dellenbaugh, C. Daryll Forde, Robert H. Lowie, Leslie White, and Benjamin Whorf. In Subcollection II, Series III, "Lectures and Manuscripts", there are proofs and drafts related to Parsons' publication of Alexander Stephen's "Hopi Journal." In Subcollection II, Series IV, "Research Notes" there is a large number of Parsons' field notebooks from multiple visits to different Hopi communities. Some portion of this material may be restricted due to cultural sensitivity or privacy concerns.
Collection: Elsie Clews Parsons papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.29)
Alternate forms: Papago, Pima, Munsee
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Beatty, Willard W. (Willard Walcott), 1891-1961 | Billiot, Maurice | Billiot, Anthony | Billiot, Charles | Billiot, David | Billiot, George | Marriott, Alice, 1910-1992 | Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958 | Zimmerman, William, 1890-1967 | McCaskill, Joseph C. (Joseph Clyde), 1899-
Subject: Ethnography | Anthropology | Education | Economic conditions | Museums | Land claims | Material culture | Hunting | Louisiana--History
Extent: 11 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Houma history and culture. Includes correspondence with Houma consultants such as members of the Billiot family, Ann Celestine, Dorothy Celestine, and Ben Paul about topics including museum specimens (a pirogue, beaded belts, baskets, blow guns, etc.), land questions, and schooling problems; correspondence with government officials and academic colleagues including Willard Beatty, William Zimmerman, Joseph McCaskill, Alice Marriott, and John Reed Swanton, and others regarding Speck's field work, various aspects of his research, and the social and economic conditions of the Houma people; a draft and copy of Speck's "Report...on Houma Indians" prepared for the Bureau of Indian Affairs, concerning the history and condition of the Houma and their educational needs; notes and correspondence regarding Houma medicine and traps; and Houma specimens consisting of six bone and wood points for canoe arrows and a model of canoe with two paddles.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Culture: A'wa'etłala | K'ómoks | Da'naxda'xw | Dzawada'enuxw | Gopinuxw | Gusgimukw | Gwa'sala | Gwatsinuxw | Gwawa'enuxw | Kwakwaka'wakw | Kwagu'ł | Kwikwasutinuxw | Ławitsis | Lekwiltok | Ma'a̱mtagila | Mamalilikala | Nak'waxda'xw | Namgis | Tłatłasikwala | Wiwekam | Wiweqayi
Alternate forms: Gwasilla, Gwawaenuk, K'omoks, Koskimo, Kwakiutl, Kwicksutaineuk, Laich-kwil-tach, Nakoaktok, Nakwoktak, Nimpkish, Quatsino, Tanakteuk, Tlowitsis, Tsawataineuk, Weiwaikai, Weiwaikum
Contributor: Averkieva, Julia | Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969 | Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 | Bunzel, Ruth Leah, 1898-1990 | Cadwallader, W. J. | Cadwallader, H. T., Mrs. | Cadwallader, Jane | Cranmer, Dan | Dawson, George Mercer, 1849-1901 | Fairbairn, Archibald Macdonald Duff, 1888-1979 | Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898 | Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923 | Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896 | Hall, Alfred I. | Halliday, W. H. | Hunt, George | Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908 | McGee, William J. | Nowell, Charles James, 1870-1956 | Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941 | Seler, Eduard, 1849-1922 | Stirling, Matthew Williams, 1896-1975 | Sutton, William J. | Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958 | Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922 | Tylor, Edward B. (Edward Burnett), 1832-1917 | Vowell, A. T.
Subject: Archaeology | British Columbia--History | Ethnography | Fishing | Hunting | Linguistics | Kinship | Museums | Music | Social life and customs
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. The largest correspondence is that of George Hunt, which took place from 1894-1933 and runs around 1000 pages. A full index for this correspondence is available upon request, and includes cross references to the locations (in other APS collections) of fieldwork and other materials referred to in the letters. Other correspondences primarily about Kwakwaka'wakw matters are that of the Cadwalladers, Dan Cranmer, John Fillmore (concerning the transcription of Boas' cylinder recordings of Kwakiutl songs), Alfred I. Hall, and C. J. Nowell. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)