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Klallam | Lekwungen
Alternate forms: Clallam, S'Klallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm, Lekungen, Lkwungen, Songhees, Songish
Date: 1888; Circa 1900; 1917
Type:Text
Extent: 85 pages; 35 cards;
Description: The Klallam materials in the ACLS collection consist of three items in the "Clallam" section of the finding aid. The earliest is a Klallam vocabulary from 1888, recorded by Franz Boas, with some comparison with Lkwungen ("Songish"). Two later documents are linguistic notes and vocabulary, focusing in part on diminutive and plural forms. One is recorded from "Mrs. Mahone" (Rosa Mahone?), a Klallam (nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm) woman residing in Neah Bay. This and another item were previously identified as being recorded by Boas. The handwriting does not match Boas and there is no record of him being in the area in 1917. The recorder appears to Leo Frachtenberg, who was working with Quileute people at nearby La Push, Washington at that time.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Lekwungen
Alternate forms: Lekungen, Lkwungen, Songhees, Songish
Language(s): English | Salish, Straits
Date: 1888, 1890, 1900
Type:Text
Extent: 70+ pages
Description: The Lekwungen materials in the ACLS collection consist of 3 items. In the "Clallam" section of the finding aid, "Clallam and Songish vocabularies" consists of a copy of George Gibbs' 1863 Clallam vocabulary, with comparisons of Lkungen with other languages, English-Lkungen vocabulary, miscellaneous sentences and names. In the "Chinook" section, Boas' "Field notes on Tillamook and Chinookan dialects" contains physical notes on Lkungen ("Songish") skulls collected in an earlier fieldwork trip. Finally, in the "Salish" section, Boas' "Comparative vocabularies of eight Salishan languages" contains 532 alphabetically arranged English items with equivalents in multiple languages, including Lkungen.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Lekwungen
Alternate forms: Lekungen, Lkwungen, Songhees, Songish
Language(s): English | German | Salish, Straits
Date: 1889
Type:Text
Extent: 1 notebook
Description: The Lekwungen materials in the Boas Field Notebooks and Anthropometric Data collection consist of varied linguistic or ethnographic notes, some possibly in German shorthand, located within Field notes 1889 #1.
Collection: Franz Boas early field notebooks and anthropometric data (Mss.B.B61.5)