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Date: circa 1939-1975
Contributor: Montagu, Ashley, 1905-1999
Subject: Anthropology | Ethnography | Archaeology | Race | Land claims | Chile--History | Orthography and spelling | Land tenure | Anatomy | Sociology
Extent: 16 folders
Description: This collection documents the entire career of anthropologist and multi-facted intellectual Ashley Montagu from 1927 to 1999. The collection consists of 55.75 linear feet of material, organized into twelve series, plus oversize. Nearly half of the collection is Montagu's correspondence with colleagues, publishers, coauthors, and intellectuals from almost every discipline, as well as admirers from many different walks of life. There also several complete manuscripts of Montagu's work, including The Natural Superiority of Women, The Elephant Man, and The Anatomy of Swearing, as well as numerous journal and magazine articles authored by Montagu. The collection reflects the range of Montagu's intellectual interests and his influence across the spectrum of academic disciplines over his 60-year career. Montagu's writings on race, anthropology, and society, his correspondence with anthropologists and linguists like Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and C. F. Voegelin, and his class notes from anthropological coursework at Columbia University (including classes with Boas and Benedict), might yield material relating to Native Americans, but some specific items have also been identified. In the Correspondence series, there is an undated incoming item from the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs. In the Works By series, there is an undated item labeled "The American Indian: The First Victim, Draft," 2 folders relating to North American archaeology ("The Earliest Account of the Association of Human Artifacts with Fossil Mammals in North America, Correspondence"  and "The Earliest Account of the Association of Human Artifacts with Fossil Mammals in North America, Draft" ), 2 folders with undated drafts about Natchez skeletal antomy ("The Natchez Innominate Bone, Draft" and "The Natchez Pelvis, Draft"), and 3 undated items in a folder labeled "Native Americans, Notes." In the Works By Others series, there is Rainer, John C., "Presentation of the American Indian," undated. In the Committees and Organizations series, there are 9 items dated to 1968 in "Association on American Indian Affairs" and 2 undated items in "Native Land Foundation." In the Printed Materials series, there is a copy of Hammel, Harold T., "Thermal and Metabolic Responses of the Alacaluf Indians to Moderate Cold Exposure" (1960), 13 items in a folder labeled "Indian Affairs" (1967-1972; 1975), and 9 items in "Native Americans" (1939-1967). Of particular interest might be materials relating to Sequoya and the invention of the Cherokee syllabary, including "Sequoya, Notes," "Sequoya, Correspondence," (1960-1961), and "Sequoya, Cherokee Indian Genius who Invented an Alphabet and so Brought Literacy to his People, Drafts," all in the Works By series.
Collection: Ashley Montagu papers, 1927-1999 (Mss.Ms.Coll.109)
Alternate forms: Araucanian (pej.)
Date: circa 1943, undated
Contributor: Hallowell, A. Irving (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974 | Huaiquilaf, J. Martin Collio | Leslie, C. J.
Extent: 4 folders
Description: The Mapuche materials in the A. Irving Hallowell Papers consists of at least four folders. In Series III of the collection guide, the folder "Araucanian Parallels to the 'Omaha' Kinship Pattern" contains Hallowell's draft of an article published in 1943. Series IV contains an essay (presumed to be by Hallowell's Mapuche consultant J. Martin Collio Huaiquilaf) responding to a publication by Harriet Chalmers Adams about Chile and Mapuche people, and an essay titled "Aracanian Social Organization" by C. J. Leslie. In Series V, a folder titled "Araucanian Indians--Kinship" contains Hallowell's notes made with Huaiquilaf in preparation for the article "Araucanian Parallels to the 'Omaha' Kinship Pattern".
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)
Alternate forms: Araucanian
Date: 1943-1945 and undated
Contributor: Huaiquilaf, J. Martin Collio
Extent: 1 folder
Description: This folder, Section VIII(22C1), contains three letters to Frank G. Speck in which the author discusses several Araucanian [aka Mapuche or Mapudungun] words. Individuals mentioned include Lloyd G. Carr and Alfred Irving Hallowell.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Alternate forms: Araucanian
Extent: 2 letters
Description: The Mapuche materials in the Franz Boas Papers consist of two letters to and from J. Martin Collio Huaiquilaf, a Mapuche man who was a consultant to anthropologists including Frank Speck and A. Irving Hallowell.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)