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Ute | Dakota
Alternate forms: Sioux
Language(s): English
Date: 1891-1894
Extent: 12 folders
Description: In total, the Kane Family Papers consist of 56 linear feet of letters, legal papers, financial records, etc. of three generations of the prominent Philadelphia family. However, there is also a small but significant batch of material related to the Ute people. Francis Fisher Kane (1866-1955), a lawyer, was involved with the Indian Rights Association, which sent Kane and another Philadelphia lawyer, Frank M. Riter, to Colorado and Utah to report on the situation of the Southern Utes and the U.S. government's proposal to relocate them from their reservation in southern Colorado to Utah, a plan which was successfully opposed. Most of this material is housed in Series V. Francis Fisher Kane. Of particular interest will be three folders marked "Indian Rights Association" and designated #1, #2, and #3 containing correspondence relative to Kane's trip west, subsequent appearance before the Indian Affairs Committee in Washington, D.C., and the IRA's efforts to prevent the removal of the Southern Utes in general. These materials reveal much about the conditions among the Southern Utes, the misbehavior of Indian agents and white neighbors in Durango, the politicking of the Indian Rights Association in Washington, D.C., and the sentiments of these "friends of the Indians," who largely wanted to speed Native peoples along the path to civilization, albeit in as humane a way as possible. There is also a typed copy of a letter from Dakota Ignatius Court (Tamazahanhotanka) from Devil's Lake, Fort Totten, North Dakota reporting the corruption of the local Agent to the Indian Rights Association, along with a letter from Herbert Welsh (corresponding secretary of the IRA) to Kane asking if Kane would go to North Dakota to investigate (in #2). Other corresponents include Thomas Morgan, Charles Odgen, Herbert Welsh, Charles Painter, Charles E. Pancoast, Albert C. Hopkins, etc. Also of particular interest is a folder labeled "Southern Ute Indians," containing copies of letters from Charles A. Bartholomew of the Southern Ute Agency, telegraphs between Bartholomew and Kane, and other materials relating to Kane and Riter's investigation in Colorado and subsequent political activities, very much in the same vein and involving the same correspondents as the first three folders described. Other Ute-related materials include notes of a speech and correspondence from the "Committee on the Southern Utes" (1891); reports and legal notes in a folder labeled "Concerning the Ute Indians #1" (1891); three copies of a letter to Thomas Morgan, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, in "Concerning the Ute Indians #2" (1892); letters from Mary F. Lovell (of the National Women's Christian Temerance Union), Charles C. Painter (of the Indian Rights Association), Ann Booth, Charles Ogden, and S. W. Peel in "Concerning the Ute Indians #3" (1892-1893); a postcard from James M. Fisher regarding a speech for the Indian Affairs Committee (1892); a brief note from James Kerr to Herbert Welsh informing him that the removal bill will not be called up in the present session of Congress (1892); and a folder of newspaper clippings featuring Kane's political and humanitarian activism, including his work for the IRA. There is also one relevant folder in Series I. John Kintzing Kane labeled "Indian Rights Association" (1892) that contains reports, correspondence, and a 105-page typed copy of a diary of their trip to the Southern Ute Agency by Francis Fisher Kane and Frank M. Rite, as well as some correspondence from Herbert Welsh .
Collection: Kane Family Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.115)

Southern Paiute | Ute
Alternate forms: Kaibab, Uinta, Uintah, Uncompahgre
Date: 1909-1910; 1916
Extent: 350 cards, 259 pages, 5 notebooks (150 p. each)
Description: The Ute-Southern Paiute materials in the ACLS collection consist of materials in multiple sections of the finding aid. In the "Paiute" section, Sapir's "Field notes on Kaibab Paiute, Linguistic and ethnologic" include ethnographic notes, linguistic terms and names for numerous types of objects, illustrations of materials culture such as pencil sketches of utensils, dwellings, and blankets. In the "Southern Paiute" section of the finding aid, Sapir's "Ute and Kaibab Paiute linguistic material" include 5 notebooks recorded from speaker Tony Tillohash, including paradigms, grammatical notes and texts for Uncompahgre and Uintah Ute and for Kaibab Paiute.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Aztec | Huichol | Nahua | Tarahumara | Tepecano | Tepehuán | Tohono O'odham | Yaqui | Mayo | Akimel O'odham | Ute | Paiute | Hupa | Maya | Cora
Alternate forms: Cahita, Papago, Pima, Hiaki, Yoeme, Na:tini-xwe
Date: 1914-1962
Extent: 21 items
Description: Materials relating to John Alden Mason's interest and research in Uto-Aztecan languages and cultures. Items include notes and letters on Uto-Aztecan historical Mason's "Some initial phones and combinations in Utaztecan stems," an abstract and full text of a paper delivered at the Philadelphia meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1951); unattributed corresondence discussing that 1951 paper; Mason's correspondence with Edward Sapir regarding Mason's work on the Tepehuan, Papago [Tohono O'odham], Sonoran and Yaqui languages, Sapir's work on Paiute and Hupa, and mentioning Boas, Rivet, Speck, Spier, and Whorf; earlier correspondence with Sapir relaying Tepehuan, Tepecano, Papago [Tohono O'odham], and Nahua examples, data from Mason for Sapir's use in Uto-Aztecan comparative work, Sapir's comments on Mason's data and analysis, and Sapir's views on Uto-Aztecan historical Mason's corresondence with Ruth Benedict regarding work on Papago [Tohono O'odham], Pima, and Yaqui languages, an honorarium for Franz Boas, and Ruth Underhill's Papago Rites and ceremonies; correspondence with George Herzog regarding Tepehuan music and language, Pima-Papago language, and mentioning Franz Boas, Gene Weltfish, Edward Sapir, Ruth Underhill, Frank G. Speck, and others; correspondence with David H. Kelley regarding comparison of Polynesian and Uto-Aztecan languages (Kelly's dissertation); part of Kelley's Harvard University doctoral dissertation regarding the borrowing of Uto-Aztecan words into Polynesian; Benjamin Lee Whorf on Uto-Aztecan languages, including a table of relationships and a photo reproduction of Whorf's Azteco-Tanoan tree; correspondence with Whorf regarding Whorf's grant application to the Social Sciences Research Council to work on modern Nahuatl, and also touching on Uto-Aztecan phonology, Maya glyphs, Nahuatl, Papago [Tohono O'odham], Tepecano, Tepehuan, Yaqui, and subgrouping; and correspondence with Morris Swadesh regarding establishing an official Aztec alphabet, Swadesh's glotto-chronological work in Uto-Aztecan, disagreement between Mason and Swadesh over the number of stop series in Papago [Tohono O'odham], Swadesh's retraction (to be published in Word) of his criticisms of Mason's Papago [Tohono O'odham] grammar, and copies of letters from Swadesh to [Dean] Saxton and Andre Martinet. Undated linguistic materials include notes, Vocabularies, vocabularies, comparisons with notes about correspondences, comparative vocabularies, notes on numerical systems, cognates with English glosses, cognates with Spanish glosses, lexicostatistical compilations, etc. Languages represented (and not merely mentioned) include Huichol, El Nayar Cora, Nahuatl, Opata, Tarahumara, Tepecano, Tepehuan, Tohono O'odham, Tubar, Yaqui, and Mayo; it is unclear, however, which specific Tarahumara and Tepehuan languages are represented.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)