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Itza | K'iche' | Maya | Q'eqchi'
Alternate forms: K'ekchi', Quiché
Language(s): English | Spanish | K'iche' | Q'eqchi' | Itza'
Date: 1527-1964
Contributor: Reina, Ruben E.
Extent: 23 linear feet
Description: The materials in the Ruben Reina papers pertaining to the Peten region of Guatemala are found primarily in Series II of the collection. This series consists of extensive ethnohistory materials including oral histories and photocopies of documents from numerous local community archives, both within and outside the Peten region, the Archivo General de Centroamerica (AGCA), and the Archivo General de Indias (AGI) in Seville. The material dates from the 15th century through the 1960s. Reina copied the material with portable photocopy and photographic equipment under poor conditions. The series includes 5 subseries: Encomiendas y Tierras; Libros Antiguos de Cofradias; Ethnohistorical Data; Peten Court Records; and Transcriptions. Each section contains a description of the conditions under which the materials were collected and the provenance of the materials, including whether the materials are still in existence. The Mayan langauges identified above should be regarded only as probable given the locations from which documents originated. Additional relevant materials may be found in Series VI, VII, VIII, XI, and XII.
Collection: Ruben E. Reina Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.67)

K'iche' | Maya
Alternate forms: Quiché
Language(s): K'iche' | Spanish
Date: 1553, 1605
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 1 volume, 185 leaves
Description: The Theologia Indorum ("Theology for the Indians" or "Theology of the Indians") was written by the Spanish Dominican friar Domingo de Vico from 1552-1554. It is considered the first original Christian theology written in the Americas and the longest single text written in an indigenous language of the Americas in the colonial era. Written in K'iche' (sometimes written as "Quiché," a Mayan language of Guatemala, it played a major role in evangelization of the Highland Maya. Previous identifications of the content of the manuscript misidentified it as being in the Kaqchikel language and as consisting of sermons and biblical translation. The content, however, is an original theological work that utilizes indigenous religous beliefs and cultural practices to explain Christian doctrine. This version is the first of two volumes of the Theologia Indorum, pertaining to topics from the Old Testament. Other versions of the Theologia exist at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France and at Princeton University. This is the oldest manuscript in the APS Library's collections written in an indigenous language of the Americas. Donor, Academia de Ciencias de Guatemala, through Mariano Gálvez, 1836.
Collection: Mayan Language Texts, 1553-1727 (Mss.497.43.V42)

K'iche' | Maya
Alternate forms: Quiché
Language(s): K'iche' | Spanish
Date: 1605
Type:Text
Genre: Sermons
Extent: 1 volume, 422 pages
Description: A volume of sermons written in the K'iche' language. Donor, Academia de Ciencias de Guatemala, through Mariano Gálvez, 1836.
Collection: Mayan Language Texts, 1553-1727 (Mss.497.43.V42)

K'iche' | Maya
Alternate forms: Quiché
Language(s): English | Spanish | K'iche'
Date: 1969-1979
Extent: 10 linear feet
Description: The materials in the Ruben Reina papers relating to the Zunil region of Guatemala are found primarily in Series V of the collection. This series consists of notes and photocopies of documents relating to the Zunil people of Guatemala. In 1969, Ruben Reina hired a local Zunil man, Francisco Quiej, to collect material--legends and stories--from the monolingual elders of Zunil. Quiej recorded the interviews, then translated the accounts from their original Quiche in to Spanish. Via a local priest, Quiej sent the transcripts to Reina. The original recordings no longer exist, but the surviving transcripts serve as an important historical record of the beliefs and experiences of a native Central American people. Included are legends, religious texts, and interviews with and biographies of community members. Additional miscellaneous materials may be found to lesser degrees in Series VI, VII, VIII, XI, and XII.
Collection: Ruben E. Reina Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.67)