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Massachusett
Language(s): English
Date: 1927-1943
Type:Text
Extent: 5 folders
Description: Materials relating to Massachusett people, history, and culture. Includes "A prehistoric cremation at Grassy Island, Taunton River, Massachusetts," Delabarre's account of and speculation on an ancient burial; Bever's letter to Speck requesting references on the Indians around Mashpee, Massachusetts, and mentioning Simeon L. Deyo, History of Barnstable County and Mary Farwell Ayer, Richard Bourne, Missionary to the Mashpee Indians; Speck's undated notes concerning Middleboro, Massachusetts, along with an account of the Pilgrims; Speck's letter to Mrs. Charles Ryan, Gay Head, Massachusetts regarding accommodations for Speck and family while Speck works with the Gay Head Indians (Martha's Vineyard); and "Reflections on the past and present of the Massachusetts Indians," a carbon copy of Speck (1943), along with a letter from Clinton A. Weslager (Archaeological Society of Delaware), urging him to write general book on remnant Indians.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Massachusett
Language(s): English
Date: 1664-1688
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Ten letters from Protestant missionary John Eliot to natural philosopher Robert Boyle of the Royal Society for Improving Natural Knowledge about Eliots work among the so-called "praying Indians" of southern New England. Topics include the religious education of Native peoples; the estates, affairs, and habits of the "praying Indians" and the locations of their churches; the need for Bibles; Eliot's work translating the Bible and preparing a grammar of Indian printings of Bibles; Bibles, grammars, and other books being distributed to New England Indians; acknowledgement of gifts of money received and thanks for the same; French Indians; danger of attack by the Manquacq Indians [Minqua? Mi'kmaq?]; and the missionary work of Daniel Gookin. In the final letter (1688), conscious of his approaching death, Eliot would use £30 given him by Boyle many years ago for Gospel work to further the efforts of Daniel Gookin and John Cotton; also would like Gospel society to bear expense of printing and have Cotton revise other works Eliot has translated into the Indian language. Originals at the Royal Society of London.
Collection: Royal Society (Great Britain) miscellaneous correspondence and documents (Mss.Film.460)

Nipmuc
Language(s): English
Date: 1926-1942
Type:Text
Extent: 1 folder
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Nipmuc language, history, and culture. Includes 3 pages concerning place and family names; a letter from Mrs. Ruth Allen, Medfield, Massachusetts, to Speck, concerning baskets owned by her family and transmitting 3 pages of extracts from printed works concerning Medfield and letters from Sarah M. Cisco Sullivan (Nipmuc) (Grafton, Massachusetts, Indian Reservation) concerning social activities, family news, place name data, historical data, etc. Images note: Newspaper clipping photographs of last survivor of the Nipmucs.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Pennacook
Language(s): English
Date: Undated
Extent: 21 pages
Description: Speck's notes on Pennacook and other Native peoples of New England. This 21-page notebook contains Pennacook, Mashpee, Gay Head, Cape Cod Indian genealogical and population notes; miscellaneous Pennacook notes; approximately 3 slips and 2 pages of loose notes; and botanical specimens.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Haudenosaunee | Mohawk | Stockbridge-Munsee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Stockbridge
Language(s): English
Date: 1665-1775
Contributor: Unknown
Type:Text
Extent: 3 reels
Description: Selections from 31 volumes from the Massachusetts State Archives (volumes 1-6, 13, 20-22, 25, 27-33, 35, 38A, 51-54, 74, 80, 108-109, 219, 233, 287). These materials include letters and papers from the official records of provincial Massachusetts. Many relate to the Six Nations in New York, and to French activity and influence among the Indians. Contains references to the treaties at Albany with the Six Nations, the western boundary of Massachusetts, the Stockbridge removal, and the sack of Deerfield by Caughnawaga Mohawks.
Collection: Selected materials, 1665-1775, on Indian affairs (Mss.Film.642)

Wampanoag
Language(s): English | Wampanoag
Date: Undated
Contributor: Wild Horse | Day, Gordon M.
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: Wampanoag material supplied by Chief Wild Horse, compiled by Gordon M. Day. Chief Wild Horse claimed to be the last speaker of the Wampanoag dialect, and was a medicine man of the Mashpee Division, Sagamore of the New England Federation of Indians, and a representative of the League of North American Indians. See also Mss.Rec.40, a recording of the Lord's Prayer by Chief Wild Horse.
Collection: Wampanoag material supplied by Chief Wild Horse (Mss.Film.1104)

Wampanoag
Language(s): English | Wampanoag
Date: 1961
Contributor: Wild Horse | Day, Gordon M.
Genre: Prayers
Extent: 1 sound tape reel (4 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Recording the Lord's Prayer by Chief Wild Horse, the last speaker of Wampanoag dialect, a medicine man of the Mashpee Division, Sagamore of the New England Federation of Indians, and a representative of the League of North American Indians. Recorded in New Bedford, Massachusetts, 3 May 1961. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Wampanoag material supplied by Chief Wild Horse (Mss.Rec.40)

Narragansett | Wampanoag
Alternate forms: Nauset, Mashpee
Language(s): English
Date: 1923-1928 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 2 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of the peoples now often known collectively as Wampanoag, but who once comprised several tribal entities living in eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, including Cape Cod (the Nauset) and islands such as Martha's Vineyard (the Aquinnah or Gay Head Indians). In Subcollection I, Series I, see item II(4B9c), "Mistassini Band -- c. Field Notes," which contains notes, some by Gladys Tantaquidgeon concerning "Gay Head Indians." In this same series, see item III(14D11) "Wampanoag miscellaneous notes," which includes one postal card from Uncle Al to Speck, concerning an island; a letter from Rachelle T. Ryan to Speck reserving a cottage at Gay Head; Frederick S. Hammett (Wistar Institute) to Speck concerning his archaeological find at North Truro, Massachusetts; and a four-page letter from Chief Leroy C. Perry (Ousamequin or Yellow Feather, Wampanoag) concerning tribal and intertribal social activities. Item III(14D17), "Pennacook miscellaneous notes" contains a notebook with information on Wampanoag of Martha's Vineyard and Cape Cod areas, incuding genealogical and population notes. In Series I, Series II, see correspondence with Marion G. Bever. Finally, see the "Wampanoag" folder in Subcollection I, Series III, which contains 6 photographs. In Subcollection I, Series IV, there is one lantern slide of Mashpee Indians. In Series V, see the map "Maine, New England, Eastern Canada."
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)