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Anishinaabe | Blackfoot | Cree | Dakota | Métis | Kainai | Nakoda | Ojibwe | Secwépemc
Alternate forms: Blood, Ojibwa, Saulteaux, Shuswap, Simpcw, Sioux, Stoney
Language(s): English
Date: 1905-1910
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: Norman Leonard Jacobs was an engineer and surveyor with the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway in Canada. The collection consists of his correspondence with Bessie Frank (later Anathan), an acquaintance from Pittsburgh. Jacobs wrote of daily life in Canadian cities like Winnipeg and Edmonton, interactions with First Nations, and daily hardships encountered in the field (extreme cold, snowblindness, and lack of food), but also spoke of his work with pride and enthusiasm. In addition to the letters, Jacobs wrote twenty-eight pages of a "Diary of a Tenderfoot." Also included in the collection are two photobooks and various loose photographs, which display various aspects of camp life, details of work sites and the Canadian landscape, and First Nations peoples. Some of the photographs are extremely faded. Native peoples mentioned include Ojibwe, Blackfoot, Cree, "Surteau" (likely Saulteaux),"Bloods" (Kainai), "Stonies" (Nakoda, or "Stoney"), as well as Native people at Tete Jaune Cache who are likely Simpcw. The images include family groups; men, women, and children fishing; men (some apparently hired by Jacobs or his company to act as guides and carriers in the field) working with an infant in a cradleboard; Ojibwe graves; tepees [tipis]; "Sioux" warriors; a sweat bath; horse races; individuals like Joe KaeKwitch, Chief Handorgan, Chief Wingard, Muskowken, etc. Most of these materials have been digitized and are available through the APS's Digital Library. Also see the finding aid for more background information on Jacobs and detailed itemized lists for both Series I. Correspondence and Series II. Graphic Materials.
Collection: Anathan-Jacobs Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Collection (Mss.SMs.Coll.13)

Cree | Innu | Naskapi
Alternate forms: Montagnais, Nehiyaw
Language(s): English | Cree | Innu-aimun
Date: 1911-1931, 1936, 1938-1948
Extent: 6+ folders; 60+ photographs; 1 film
Description: The Cree material in the Frank Speck papers are scattered around multiple sections of the finding aid, mostly in Subcollection I, Series I. In this series, see item II(2A5), containing correspondence from P.G. Downes to Speck regarding Cree in Quebec. See item II(2F3), which includes notes from A. irving Hallowell to Speck regarding field work visiting Sweet Grass Cree, mentioning attitude of Cree to Leonard Bloomfield. Item II(4B9c) contains Speck's field notes on the Mistassini band, including notes on relationship between Cree and Montagnais languages, as well as museum specimens. Item II(2G1) includes Naskapi names in Cree syllabary; the Lord's Prayer in Cree; miscellaneous syllabary Cree words, and images of 79 pictographs. In Subcollection I, Series II, see correspondence with Claude Schaeffer regarding Rocky Boy Cree, and correspondence with Paul A. W. Wallace regarding Cree tales (Wissakutchek) collected by Edward Ahenakew in Alberta. In Subcollection I, Series III, there are 4 "Cree" photograph folders containing approximately 60 photographs. See also "Naskapi films," located in Subcollection II, Series IV, Photographs and Video, which includes some footage of some Cree people.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Denesuline
Alternate forms: Chipewyan, Dënesųłiné
Language(s): English
Date: 1912-1913, 1931
Extent: 1 folder, 5 photographs
Description: The Denesuline materials in the Frank G. Speck Papers consists of one folder of correspondence from A. Irving Hallowell describing field work to visit Cold Lake, Alberta. This is item II(2F3) in Subcollection I, Series I. In Series III, there are 5 "Chipewyan" photographs from 1912-1913.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Tsuut'ina
Alternate forms: Sarcee, Sarsi
Language(s): English | Tsuut'ina
Date: 1922
Extent: 7 notebooks (approximately 100 pages each), 63 photographs, 17 drawings, 39 loose pages
Description: The Tsuut'ina materials in the ACLS collection consist of large body of material in the "Sarcee" section of the finding aid recorded by Edward Sapir in 1922. The bulk of this material consists of 7 field notebooks containing numerous texts on a variety of subjects with interlinear translations, as well as Vocabularies, and extensive grammatical notes, most of it given by the Tsuut'ina speaker, John Onespot. The material also includes 63 photographs of Tsuut'ina people, places, and activities, including games, camps, and horse roundups. The photographs and notebooks have all been digitized. Finally, at the end of the section there are also "Notes and drawings on Sarcee specimens," which consists of notes on 237 Tsuu T'ina items collected by Sapir during his fieldwork, with information on persons from whom items were bought and prices, probable museum catalog numbers, and 1-page notes on Mrs. Two-Guns comments on clay pots. Also includes drawings of 17 items.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)