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Culture: Anishinaabe | Cayuse | Klallam | Cree | Dakelh | Haida | Heiltsuk | Kalapuya | Klickitat | Ktunaxa | Nez Perce | Nisga'a | Nuxalk | Ojibwe | Secwépemc | Squamish | Syilx | Tlingit | Walla Walla
Alternate forms: Bella Bella, Bella Coola, Carrier, Haíɫzaqv, Kootenai, Kootenay, Kutenai, Nehiyaw, Okanagan, Okanagon, Saulteaux, Shuswap, Skwxwú7mesh, Clallam, S'Klallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm, Niska, Nishga, Nisgha
Language(s): Cayuse | Klallam | Cree, Plains | Dakelh (ᑕᗸᒡ) | Haida | Heiltsuk-Oowekyala | Kalapuya | Kutenai | Nez Perce | Nisga'a | Nuxalk | Ojibwa, Western | Okanagan | Secwepemc | Squamish | Tlingit | Walla Walla
Contributor: Black, Samuel | Dorion, Babtiste | Gardiner, Meredith | McKenzie, Benjamin | Ogden, Peter | Townsend, John Kirk, 1809-1851
Subject: Linguistics | Alaska--History | Washington (State)--History | Idaho--History | Oregon--History | British Columbia--History | Ontario--History | Saskatchewan--History
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: This collection contains two manuscript volumes collected by the naturalist John Kirk Townsend, obtained by dictation from native speakers, people of mixed ancestry, and traders of the Hudson's Bay Company. The first volume contains a collection of multiple comparative vocabulary lists of languages of modern-day Washington, Idaho, Oregon, British Columbia, and Alaska, obtained by dictation from native speakers, people of mixed ancestry, and traders of the Hudson's Bay Company. Languages included are: "Okanagan" (N̓səl̓xcin), "Attnaha" or "Shoushwap" (Secwepemctsin), "Walla Walla (Sahaptin), "Squalyamish" (Squamish / Sḵwx̱wú7mesh ?), "Nooselalum" (Klallam / nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm), "Haeeltzuk" (Heiltsuk), "Billichoola" (Nuxalk), "Nass" (Nisga'a), "Haidah" (Haida), "Tongaase" (Tlingit, possibly inland variety), Nez Perce, Chinook [Jargon], "Carrier or Takelhé" (Dakelh), "Kayouse" (Cayuse), and "Kootenai" (Ktunaxa). The second volume is a collection of vocabulary lists of 19 Indigenous languages, primarily of the Pacific Northwest, re-copied from earlier notes in an orderly fashion with an index and additional introductory information on the area where each language is spoken and the source of the vocabulary. 15 of the vocabularies are re-copied out from the first volume in this collection. This volume includes the languages listed for that volume, plus Cree (possibly Plains Cree), "Kalapooyah" (Kalapuya), Klikatat (Sahaptin or Yakama), and "Seauteux" (Western Ojibwa/Ojibwe).
Collection: John Kirk Townsend Indian vocabularies collection (Mss.497.3.T66)
Extent: 6 audiocassettes (5 hr., 51 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Interviews and discussions with Dorothy Jackson, Mari Watters, and Julia Pablo on a variety of topics, including personal and musical experiences, songs and dances (including lullaby, flute, war dances, women's dances, soup dance, dance for picking up the feather, personal medicine songs), Nez Perce flute, Seven Drum religion, Protestant hymns, gender roles, and “Songs from the Warm Springs Indian Reservation.” (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Musical roles of Nez Perce women (Mss.Rec.155)
Date: 1987-1991, 1996-1998
Contributor: Ackerman, Lillian A. (Lillian Alice) | Axtell, Horace | Baksi, Shila | James-Stern, Elizabeth | Jones, Judy A.
Subject: Idaho--History | Kinship | Linguistics | Music | Powwows | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Genre: Censuses | Elicitation sessions | Essays | Field notes | Photographs | Reports | Transcriptions | Vocabularies
Extent: 708 pages, 3 photos
Description: The Nez Perce materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 4 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Ackerman, Baksi, James-Stern, and Jones.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)
Date: 1891-1938; 1966
Contributor: Crawford, Mary M., 1861-1946 | Crawford, Elizabeth | In-go-nom-pa-shi | Jonas, Levi W. | Axtell, Juliet L. | Cooper, Carrie S. | Rumsey, Minnie M. | Ellinwood, Frank F. (Frank Field), 1826-1908
Extent: 1 microfilm reel (121 pages, 9 photographs)
Description: This collection of materials on American Sign language is based on the work of Presbyterian missionaries in Idaho in the nineteenth century. Includes a Nez Perce hymnal; discussion and illustrations on the meaning of symbols and on the use of sign seven published works; miscellaneous clippings; photographs; and correspondence of sisters Mary and Elizabeth Crawford. The published works include the history of the Idaho mission and sign language translations by Mr. Levi W. Jonas (native Nez Perce superintendent of the Kamiah church) and In-go-nom-pa-shi. Includes over 1,500 sign language hand symbols of the Nez Perce language with thirty portraits of missionaries and Nez Perce Indians of Idaho from 1891-1938. Illustrations from different published works such as Gospel hymns in the Nez Perce language (1897); The Sign language and the invention of Mr. Lewis F. Hadley (Chicago, 1891); and Sign language; talk by In-go-nom-pa-shi. Also, clippings from various Presbyterian publications. From materials in possession of Miss Jean Rumsey.
Collection: Nez Perce Sign Language materials, 1891-1938 (Mss.Film.1226)
Language(s): Umatilla | Walla Walla | Yakama | English | Tenino | Nez Perce | Cayuse | Columbia-Wenatchi | Molala
Date: ca. 1953-1969
Contributor: Jones, Vera | Spino, Inez | Williams, Joe | Barnhart, Alice | Slickpoo, Sam | Rigsby, Bruce | Elmendorf, William W. (William Welcome), 1912- | McKay, Charles | Pond, Walter | Saluskin, Alex | Joe, Annie | Williams, Charlie | Walsh, Ed (Edward Joseph) | Winishut, Linton | Winishut, Eva | Thompson, Flora | Sohappy, Frank | Yelkes, Fred | Nanamkin, George | Conner, Gilbert | Thompson, Henry | Spino, Lillian | Shawaway, Minnie | Joe, Susie | Mitchell, Louis | Peters, May | Tias, Oswald | Guyer, Philip | Sturgis, Sam | Andrews, Tom | George, Victor | Burke, Winnie | Minthorn, Mamie | Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967 | Umtuch, Donald
Subject: Personal names | Oregon--History | Washington (State)--History | Idaho--History | Animals | Plants | Botany | Place names | Biography | Kinship | Food
Genre: Microfilms | Biographies | Elicitation sessions | Field notes | Personal names | Place names | Vocabularies | Oral histories | Stories | Grammars
Extent: 2 reels; 18 notebooks and ca. 380 loose pages
Description: Fieldnotes across the Plateau region, especially in Pendleton OR (near the Umatilla Reservation), Nespelem WA (in the Colville Reservation), and Toppenish WA (Yakama Reservation), between 1963 and 1969, supplemented by materials collected from other recent secondary sources. Copies held by the APS were privately microfilmed by Bruce Rigsby; the APS does not possess the originals. Notebooks 1-8 mostly represent work at and around the Umatilla Reservation in 1963, and notebooks 9-18 were recorded mostly near the Colville and Yakama reservations, 1964 onwards. The notebooks contain elicited lexica, with some texts, and details on the knowledge and use of languages by specific individuals. The loose notes at the end are mostly texts. A full inventory of the notebooks and notes, with individual contributor, place and language information, is in the collection finding aid.
Collection: Sahaptin field notes (Mss.Film.1261)