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Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): French
Date: 1691
Type:Text
Genre: Maps | Essays
Extent: 20 pages
Description: Copy, of chapter 5 only, made from the original Swedish manuscript in the Royal Archives. Gives place names and description of settlements along the Delaware and adjoining creeks; Place names and some historical information, as well as the fabulous. Meant to accompany Lindestrom's map, a copy of which was presented with this manuscript.
Collection: New Sweden Records (Mss.974.8.Sw2)

Arikara | Dakota | Cheyenne | A'aninin | Mandan | Omaha | Pawnee | Ponca
Alternate forms: Sioux, Gros Ventre
Language(s): French
Date: 1794-1796
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: "Description abrègée du Haut-Missouri adressé: a Monsieur don Zénon Trudeau," an account of a journey up the Missouri River, with descriptions of the life and manners of the Indian tribes, prepared for Don Zenon Trudeau, Lieutenant Governor of the Country East of the Illinois (n.d., [after 1795]). Extracts from journals, June 7, 1794-June 1796 (part printed from copy in Department of State Archives, Washington), 190 pages. Approximately 200 pages of letters. Materials contain descriptions of the culture of the Plains Indians (Cheyenne, Arikara, Mandan, Pawnee, Gros Ventres, Sioux, Poncas), dress, customs, marriage, birth; calumet dance, sun dance, buffalo dance; warfare. Printed (in English translation), Trudeau (1914) and (1912) and Abel (1921). Original in possession of the Seminaire de Quebec.
Collection: Journal among the Arikara Indians, and other papers, 1794-1796 (Mss.Film.1036)

Language(s): French
Date: 1699-1723
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Journal from first French contact through failure of settlement at St. Bernard, commanded by La Harpe. Contains brief essays at end, including a summary of various theories of the origins of the American Indians.
Collection: Journal historique concernant l'etablissement des Francais a la Louisianne  (Mss.976.3.B43)

Caddo | Choctaw | Tunica | Ofo
Language(s): French | English
Date: 1803
Type:Text
Extent: 44 pages
Description: "Memoire sur le district du Ouachita dans le province de la Louisianne." No. 1 in Explorations in the Louisiana Country. Charles Francois Adrien Le Paulmier, Chevalier d'Annemours was France's general consul to Virginia and Maryland. His journal provides a detailed account of the geography of the Louisiana territory, especially its waterways. The Ouachita District is the primary focus of his report. He describes its geography, crops, and economic potential, and provides a series of observations about indigenous cultures and histories in the area, including trading cultures, hunting patterns, and mounds. Particularly mentions the Catahoulas. These references may pertain to the Caddo, Choctaw, Tunica, and Ofo. The original is in French, but the APS has a translation done by Robert Cain in 1973.
Collection: Mémoire sur le district du Ouachita dans la province de la Louisianne, [1803] (Mss.917.6.Ex7)

Language(s): French
Date: 1783
Subject: Expeditions
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 127 pages
Description: This small leather bound volume contains an essay by APS member Joseph Mandrillon, prepared for the Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. The essay discusses the discovery of America, early exploration, and colonization. It is written in French. Joseph Mandrillon was a French businessman and writer elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1785. This essay was printed, with slight changes, in Le Spectateur américain ou remarques générales sur l'Amérique septentrionale et sur la république des Treize États-Unis (Amsterdam, 1784).
Collection: Recherches philosophiques sur la découverte de l'Amérique, 1783 (Mss.973.1.M31)