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Chehalis | Puyallup
Date: 1882, circa 1890; 1897, 1927-1936
Type:Text
Extent: 1800+ loose pages, 15 notebooks, circa 8000 slips
Description: The Chehalis materials in the ACLS collection consist of a large volume of material spread across numerous items in the "Chehalis" section of the finding aid. Major items of significance include Boas's 14 Upper Chehalis field notebooks (item S2c.1), recorded in 1927 near Oakville, Washington, containing vocabulary, paradigms, and texts with interlinear translations. Additional loose notes (item S2c.4) contains numerous stories, which partially derive from the field notebooks. Also noteworthy is an extensive lexical file of over 8,000 slips (item S2c.2) derived from Boas's field work, partially arranged and analyzed. Earlier materials relating to the Lower Chehalis dialect were recorded circa 1890 by Boas at Shoalwater Bay, as well as material copied from Myron Eells' 1880s field work and later corrected by Boas (items S2b.1, S2c.5 and S2c.6). Other smaller items, such as Aginsky's comparison of Upper Chehalis and Puyallup (item S.9), consist primarily of linguistic analysis and some ethnographic information. The names of Chehalis speakers and consultants who made the work across these items possible are not fully reflected in the cataloging, as many are typically not identified by Boas.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Clackamas
Alternate forms: Klackamas
Language(s): English | Chinook, Upper
Date: 1890-1894; 1920
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages; 2 notebooks; circa 65 slips
Description: The Clackamas materials in the ACLS collection include two items in the "Clackamas" section of the finding aid: a 2-page fragment of a Clackamas-English vocabulary (item Pn4a.1), and a brief slip file containing kinship terms (item Pn4a.7). Two notebooks recorded by Franz Boas in 1890 which partially contain Clackamas texts and vocabularies are found in "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat, Molala, and Masset" (item Pn4b.5) in the "Chinook" section of the finding aid. In the "Kathlamet" section, the larger "Kathlamet lexicon" (item Pn4a.2) includes some comparative Clackamas terms.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Kalispel | Salish | Séliš-Ql̓ispé
Alternate forms: Flathead, Pend d'Oreille
Date: 1936-1938
Description: The Kalispel materials in the Lounsbury Papers consists primarily of Allan Smith's 1936-1938 typewritten field notes from the Kalispel Reservation, found in Series II, which comprises 11 folders totaling roughly 2000 pages, covering a broad range of Kalispel ethnographic information. In Series I, see correspondence folders of Edward Sapir and Leslie Spier, which include reports sent to them of Kalispel fieldwork, and two photographs of Kalispel men identified as Blind Paul and Michel Ignace.
Collection: Floyd G. Lounsbury Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.95)

Makah
Language(s): English | Makah
Date: 1949 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 13 pages; 1 notebook; 750 cards
Description: The Makah materials in the ACLS collection consist of two items in the "Makah" section of the finding aid. Boas' "Makah lexicon" consists of 738 cards arranged in such categories as animals, parts of the body, natural objects, etc. Swadesh's field notes from 1949 consists of 1 field notebook and some loose pages, and include vocabularies, ethnographic notes, and texts. One text on tribal councils, told by George Swan, is a transcript of a recording included in Swadesh's "Nootka and Makah stories" audio collection, listed separately in this guide.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Queets | Quinault | Flathead | Salish
Language(s): English | Quinault
Date: 1897, 1916-1917
Type:Text
Extent: 15 notebooks, and 54 pages
Description: The Quinault materials in the ACLS collection consist mainly of two items in the "Quinault" section of the finding aid. One is a set of field notebooks recorded by Livingston Farrand that primarily contain stories with interlinear translations, some stories in English only, as well as vocabularies and ethnographic notes. The other item is a set of vocabulary and grammatical notes recorded by Herman Haeberlin with Quinault speakers Harry Shale of Taholah (on December 28-30, 1916) and Mrs Toby Saux of La Push (on January 2, 1917.) This latter item includes vocabulary for parts of body, natural objects, implements, mammals, fish, reptiles.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Wasco-Wishram
Language(s): English | Wasco-Wishram
Date: 1906-1956
Type:Text
Extent: 0.5 linear feet
Description: The Walter Dyk Collection consists of 16 folders relating to Dyk's dissertation research on Wishram, 1930-1933, donated to the APS by Dell Hymes in the 1980s (with additions transferred from the Dell H. Hymes Papers in 2019). It includes copies of his masters thesis (Chicago, 1931) and dissertation (Yale, 1933), papers and notes sent to Dell Hymes in the mid-1950s when Hymes was working on the language, including two field notebooks, Hymes' plans for use of these and other materials, and a small but important set of correspondence. The correspondence includes letters to Dyk from Philip Kahclamet, who was Dyk's primary consultant for "Kikct" (which Kahclamet identifies as a broad term for several related varieties), and who later worked with Hymes; from Edward Sapir to Dyk, including a very long and detailed letter commenting on phonology in Dyk's dissertation; and a series of letters to Sapir from Peter McGuff, Sapir's Wishram consultant at Fort Simcoe, Washington, 1906-1908. Sapir described him in Sapir (1909), and Michael Silverstein discussed him in Natural Histories of Discourse (1996), a volume co-edited by Silverstein and Greg Urban. See finding aid for related material and an itemized list of contents.
Collection: Walter Dyk Collection (Mss.497.3.H998m)