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Alternate forms: Iroquois
Contributor: Campisi, Jack
Subject: Anthropology | Warfare | Trade | Economic conditions | Kinship | Religion | Government relations | Land tenure | Politics and government | Social life and customs | Rites and ceremonies | Diplomacy | New York (State)--History | Wisconsin--History | Wisconsin--History | Migration | Marriage customs and rites
Extent: 520 pages
Description: This dissertation by anthropologist Jack Campisi was submitted to the State University of New York at Albany in 1974. The author organized the dissertation into chapters on methodology; war, trade, and change in Oneida society, 1600 to 1810; culture and history of the Wisconsin Oneidas; contemporary society of the Oneidas of Wisconsin; history and culture of the Oneida of the Thames; conflict and division in Oneida society, 1900-1934; contemporary society of the Oneidas of the Thames; the Oneidas of New York, 1840-present; and a conclusion with various approaches to comparing the ecologies, kinship systems, belief systems, political systems, and intra- and inter-tribal relations of the three communities as Campisi seeks to assess the evolving identities and ability to perform "boundary maintence" of each Oneida community. Campisi was a recipient of an APS Phillips Fund grant, and donated this item to the Society.
Collection: Ethnic identity and boundary maintenance in three Oneida communities (Mss.970.3.C15e)
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Stockbridge
Contributor: Jackson, Halliday, 1771-1835 | Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829 | Parish, Jasper, 1767-1836
Subject: Missions | Pennsylvania--History | New York (State)--History | Religion | Government relations | Brotherton Indians | New England--History | Pennsylvania--History | Diplomacy
Extent: 142 pages
Description: Materials compiled by Pennsylvania Quaker missionary Halliday Jackson. Titled "Negotiations with the Indians of Pennsylvania by the Society of Friends to 1795," this assemblage contains a census of Native groups; miscellaneous information about various Native peoples; a verbatim collection of previous speeches and messages to and from various Native groups; letters from Timothy Pickering, Jasper Parrish [or Parish], and Isadore Chapin; and a discussion of various Iroquoian, Stockbridge, Brotherton, etc., peoples. Mention of Connediu (Handsome Lake). Original in possession of Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
Collection: Halliday Jackson journal, 1814 (Mss.Film.631b)
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Subject: New York (State)--History | Religion | Social life and customs | Hunting | Warfare | Diplomacy | Material culture | Education | Government relations | Medicine | Politics and government | Rites and ceremonies | Wampum
Extent: 16 panels (oversized)
Description: Designer and author Ray Fadden (Aren Akweks, Tehanetorens) was a member of the Wolf Clan of the Mohawk community of Akwesasne and founder of the Six Nations Indian Museum of Onchiota, New York. As an educator, Fadden created “educational charts” to convey elements of Haudenosaunee history and culture to audiences. Early on, he enlisted the help of his son, John Fadden. Later, others were brought in to create other charts. This particular chart or poster is signed by Sagotaoala (Bob Gabor). It is comprised of four parts (photocopies of the original). Seen as a whole, the central feature of the poster is a map of Haudenosaunee territory in present-day New York State, showing the relative locations of the six nations of the Iroquois League (Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora) and overlaid with drawings relating to Haudenosaunee history and culture. This central image is ringed with many more sketches, and around the edges the chart is bordered wtih different wampum belt designs. The sketches range from small and simple to fairly large and elaborate, and feature important people, events, places, material culture items, etc. from Haudenosaunee history and culture. This includes drawings of people like Hiawatha, Joseph Brant, Mary Jemison, etc.; material culture items like a water drum, body armor, pottery, etc.; scenes from daily life such as hunting, playing lacrosse, and a medicine man harvesting tobacco, etc.; more specific events like councils, warfare, a Dutch massacre of Delaware neighbors, and the arrival of the Tuscarora; and more recent happenings like Akwesasne Club Members on an outing and the role of Indian steel-workers in the construction of the "Rainbow Bridge" acress the Niagara River. Along with the 4-panel complete educational poster, there are 2 panels with miscellanous drawings along the edges, less polished and less specific than in the completed version, and 2 panels that together comprise a map of New York State and environs, and have the same kinds of drawings as the other two posters (albeit less polished than the 4-panel poster but more polished than in the other 2-panel item). Included in this folder are negatives of each of the 8 panels described.
Collection: Iroquois past and present in the state of New York, presented by the Akwesasne Mohawk counselor organization (Mss.970.3.F12i)
Culture: Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Nanticoke | Mohawk | Seneca | Onondaga | Meskwaki | Mahican | Wyandot | Ojibwe | Miami | Kickapoo
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Fox, Ojibwa
Contributor: Post, Christian Frederick, 1710?-1785 | Hays, John, 1729 or 1730-1796 | Teedyuscung, Delaware chief, 1700-1763
Subject: Diplomacy | Warfare | Politics and government | Government relations | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Pennsylvania--History | Ohio--History | Religion | Moravians | Indian captivities | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Extent: 1 reel
Description: Christian Frederick Post was a Moravian missionary and observer of Native peoples and cultures; he was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1768. This journal of Post's, who was in the company of fellow colonist John Hays and Delaware leader Teedyuscung (and also mentions Delawares Isaac Still and Moses Tattamy), relates to Post's mission as a representative of the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania to the Ohio Valley Indians and the conference held near the Ohio River in 1760. Copy in clerk's hand. Concerning message carried to Mingoes (or Mingos, who were Haudenosaunee, aka Six Nations Iroquois, in the Ohio Valley) and other Ohio Indians, return of colonists taken captive during the Seven Years' War, and other happenings on the journey. Includes description of conjuring ceremony. This is a microfilm of an original in possession of Mrs. Henry P. Gummere.
Collection: Journal, 1760, of the great council of the different Indian nations (Mss.Film.204)
Culture: Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Onondaga | Seneca | Cayuga | Tuscarora | Susquehannock | Shawnee | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Six Nations
Date: 1700-1757; ca 1815
Contributor: Logan, James, 1674-1751 | Penn, Hannah Callowhill, 1671-1726 | Penn, William, 1644-1718 | Peters, Richard, 1704-1776 | Thomas, George, 1695?-1774 | Logan, Deborah Norris, 1761-1839 | Gooch, William, Sir, 1681-1751 | Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760 | Gale, Levin, approximately 1704-1774 | Lee, Thomas, 1690-1750 | Hamilton, James, 1710-1783 | Clinton, George, 1739-1812 | Patton, James, 1692-1755 | McKee, Thomas
Subject: Fur trade | Diplomacy | Treaties | Land claims | Warfare | Virginia--History | Maryland--History | Pennsylvania--History | Missions | Religion
Extent: 40 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials regarding Pennsylvania Indian affairs. Topics include Pennsylvania's relations with Native peoples; hostilities between Native groups and colonists in the backcountry; diplomatic overtures and councils between Native and colonial leaders; the fur trade; land claims and disputes; legal and illegal surveying of Indian lands; the Lancaster Treaty of 1744; copper mine opened by Governor Keith; anxieties about French influence over Indians and conflict with French over fur trade; role of gifts and payments for Indians; Indian roads; Virginians' desires to expand west; Native religious beliefs and morality; Count Zinzendorf's mission; the imprisonment and escape of Thomas McKee. Other individuals mentioned include Peter Bizaillon, Letitia Penn. Caxagan, Edward Shippen.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Contributor: Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895 | Wright, Laura M. (Laura Maria), 1809-1886 | Wright, Asher, 1803-1875 | Porter, Charles T. (Charles Talbot), 1826-1910 | Shanks, Isaac | Parker, Nicholson H. | Allen, Orlando, 1803-1874 | Wilcox, Henry P. | Stryker, James, 1792-1864 | Potter, Herman B. | Angel, W. P. | Brown, William Linn | Crawford, T. Hartly | Fellows, Joseph, 1782-1873 | Howe, Chester | Jimerson, Samuel | Moseley, William A. | Parker, Caroline, -1892 | Schermerhorn, J. F. (John Freeman), 1786-1851 | Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 | Two Guns | Harris, Thompson S. | Avery, C. P. (Charles Pumpelly), 1817-1872 | Cadwallader, Sylvanus, 1825 or 1826- | Flagler, Henry Morrison, 1830-1913 | Hosmer, William H. C. (William Howe Cuyler), 1814-1877 | Lapham, Elbridge Gerry, 1814-1890 | Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881 | Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 | Parker, Levi | Parker, Spencer Cone | Parker, William H. | Parker, Elizabeth | Pierce, Daniel W. | Pringle, Benjamin, 1807-1887 | Warren, N. S. | Warren, R. B. | Wilson, Peter | Martindale, J. H. (John Henry), 1815-1881 | Bronson, Greene C. (Greene Carrier), 1789-1863 | Bryan, William G. | Follett, Frederick, 1804-1891 | Bouck, William C., 1786-1859 | Conrad, Charles Magill, 1804-1878 | Cunningham, H. S. | Dole, William P., approximately 1818-1889 | Fisk, John | Harlin, D. M. | Hinton, Charles Lewis, 1793-1861 | Johnson, Marcus H. | Paine, N. E. | Verplanck, Isaac A. | Manypenny, George Washington, 1809-1893 | Mix, Charles E. | Moore, F. H. | Moses, William | Palfrey, John Gorham, 1796-1881 | Parker, Samuel, 1779-1866 | Shankland, Robert H. | Washburn, C. T. | Jemison, Chauncy C. | Parker, Newton | Parsons, Sylvester | Salisbury, James Henry, 1823-1905 | M. Stagers and Co. | Van Horn, Burt, 1823-1896 | Two Guns, Henry | Edwards, Howard, 1833-1925? | John, Andrew | Blacksmith, John | Johnson, James | Marshall, O. H. (Orsamus Holmes), 1813-1884 | Doctor, Isaac | Wright, Silas, 1795-1847 | Thompson, Jacob, 1810-1885 | Dole, Benjamin
Subject: Diplomacy | Education | Linguistics | Smallpox | Land claims | Missions | United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 | Education | Government relations | Land tenure | Religion | Politics and government | United States--History--War of 1812 | Economic conditions | Military service
Genre: Correspondence | Speeches | Essays | Notes | Memoranda | Petitions | Minutes | Censuses | Rosters | Statements | Nullifications | Resolutions | Vocabularies | Notebooks | Poems | Diaries | Journals | Reports | Photographs | Transcripts | Bills
Extent: 367 items
Description: A Sachem and Civil War adjutant to Ulysses Grant, Ely Samuel Parker was an important figure in the Seneca Indian nation during the first half of the nineteenth century. Trained as an engineer, Parker was deeply involved in the Senecas' land disputes with the Ogden Land Company and he played an important role in interpreting Seneca culture for a white audience, most notably as a consultant for Lewis Henry Morgan. Collected by Arthur C. Parker, the Ely Samuel Parker Papers include correspondence, manuscripts, and printed materials relating primarily to Seneca affairs, history, language, and culture, as well as politics, education, engineering, and the Civil War. Several letters relate to Parker's service as engineer of public buildings in Galena, Illinois, and to his Masonic activities. Among the noteworthy items in the collection are several essays on Seneca history and culture, a fragment of Parker's diary, 1847, and a significant quantity of material on the Seneca language assembled by Asher Wright. Rich in information on Seneca history, culture, and language and on Parker's varied activities in both the Indian and white worlds, the collection is a major resource for examining the land and political struggles of the Seneca nation during the 1840s and early 1850s. Comprised of a mix of personal and professional correspondence augmented by a smaller quantity of printed materials, notes, and manuscripts, the collection is richest for the period 1845-1860, with only a few letters pertaining to Parker's Civil War service, and even fewer for the post-war period.
Collection: Ely Samuel Parker Papers (Mss.497.3.P223)
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Date: circa 1800-1806
Contributor: Jackson, Halliday, 1771-1835
Subject: Missions | Pennsylvania--History | New York (State)--History | Religion | Indian agents | Pennsylvania--History | Society of Friends | Government relations | Diplomacy
Extent: 2 items
Description: Materials composed by Pennsylvania Quaker missionary Halliday Jackson concerning his work with Native peoples at the turn of the nineteeth century. The first item is a manuscript dated to 1800 titled "Some account of my residence among the Indians," a continuation of another manuscript, concluding his account of a missionary stay at Tunessassa and Cornplanter's village, and his return to Pottsville, Pennsylvania, after an absence of 2 years and 2 months (Jackson departed for missionary work April 30, 1798), pages 1-30. There is also an account of a meeting between Senecas at Buffalo Creek with an Indian agent and a missionary from Massachusetts, pages 31-39; and Red Jacket's speech, May 1811, at Buffalo Creek, pages 40-43 [Donor, Elisa Schofield, 1912. See also Deardorff and Snyderman (1956): 589-592; Wallace (1952b).]. The second item is a journal dated to 1806 concerning business of the Society of Friends committee on Indian affairs, and the Indians in western Pennsylvania [Printed, Snyderman (1957)]. From originals held at the Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College. Some of these materials were printed under the title Civilization of the Indian Natives (Philadelphia, 1830) and described by George S. Snyderman, "Halliday Jackson's Journal of a Visit Paid to the Indians of New York (1806)," APS Proc. 101 (1957): 565.
Collection: Halliday Jackson journals, 1805-1806 (Mss.Film.631.631a)
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Contributor: Jackson, Halliday, 1771-1835
Subject: Missions | Pennsylvania--History | New York (State)--History | Religion | Government relations | Pennsylvania--History | Social life and customs | Diplomacy
Extent: 2 items
Description: Materials compiled by Pennsylvania Quaker missionary Halliday Jackson. First item is titled "Civilization of the Indian tribes from the times of Penn to 1809" and consists of two drafts of a chronologically ordered account of relations between Pennsylvania Quakers and their Native neighbors, with special emphasis on the Seneca. An account of Native manners and customs is included in the first draft; a Seneca vocabulary is appended to the second draft. [See also Jackson (1830a); Snyderman (1957): 568.] The second item is a journal dated to 1814 containing "Some account of a visit paid to the Friends residing at Tunessassa and Cattaraugus and to the Indians residing at those places" and describing meetings with Indians, observations on social change resulting from missionary activities and white contact, and other references to the Native peoples of western New York [Haudenosaunee]. Originals in possession of Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
Collection: Halliday Jackson journal, 1814 (Mss.Film.631b)
Culture: Anishinaabe | Seneca | Haudenosaunee | Lenape | Shawnee | Wyandot | Miami | Ojibwe | Potawatomi | Odawa
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Contributor: Pierce, John, 1745?-1808 | Pennsylvania. Provincial Council | Montrésor, John, 1736-1799
Subject: Murder | Indian traders | Fur trade | Alcohol | Pennsylvania--History | Diplomacy | Treaties | Pontiac's Conspiracy, 1763-1765 | Canada--History--To 1763 (New France) | Witchcraft | Religion
Extent: 3 items
Description: Colonel John French and James Logan's 1722 report to the Pennsylvania Provincial Council about the murder of an Indian by traders John and Edmund Cartlidge during a drunken brawl, including depositions and Indians' demands for satisfaction. John Montresor's letter to Colonel James Montresor, regarding his meeting with the Senecas and meetings with other Native peoples in the Great Lakes region in fall of 1764, during Pontiac's War; his position made precarious by General Gage's desire to continue war; French aid to Indians. Pierce's 1801 journal of a visit to Cornplanter Reservation, including an account of Conediu (Handsome Lake) meetings with Indians, September 18-21. Conediu accuses Munsy of witchcraft on Cornplanter's daughter.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)
Culture: Inuit | Unangan | Tlingit | Muckleshoot | Nez Perce | Creek | Dakota | Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Iowa | Kickapoo | Meskwaki | Miami | Muckleshoot | Otoe | Pawnee | Shawnee | Wyandot | Tuscarora | Seneca | Onondaga | Oneida | Mohawk | Cayuga
Alternate forms: Eskimo, Aleut, Unangas, Sioux, Lenape, Iroquois, Fox, Sac and Fox, Sauk, Huron
Date: circa 1937-1999
Contributor: Wallace, Anthony F. C., 1923-2015 | Kane, Michal Lowenfels | Smith, Mina Brayley | Akweks, Aren | Ka-Hon-Hes | Gansworth, Nellie | Cornplanter, Jesse J. | Wallace, Paul A. W. | Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Spotted Elk, Molly, 1903-1977
Subject: Land tenure | Land claims | United States. Indian Claims Commission | Government relations | Anthropology | Ethnography | Psychology | Psychiatry | Personality | Religion | Politics and government | Warfare | Treaties | Diplomacy
Genre: Notes | Essays | Drafts | Essays | Correspondence | Legal documents | Memoranda | Reports | Maps | Photographs | Field notes | Transcripts
Description: This entry covers materials not otherwise covered by other entries relating to the Anthony Wallace Papers. Researchers are advised to see also the other entries devoted to specific cultural groups, Of particular interest will be Series II. Research Notes and Drafts, particularly Subseries A. Indian Research, which contains correspondence, notes and drafts from Wallace's research among the Seneca and Tuscarora. Some overlapping Native American material is in Subseries B. Revitalization and Culture. Also of particular interest will be Series IX. Indian Claims, which contains Wallace's work (with his research assistant Michal Lowenfels Kane) as an expert witness for several Native American land claims, including those of Creek, Dakota (Sioux), Delaware, Haudenosaunee (Iroquois), Iowa, Kickapoo, Meskwaki (Fox, Sac and Fox, or Sauk and Fox), Miami, Muckleshoot, Oto-Missouri, Pawnee, Shawnee, and Wyandot peoples. Another concentration of materials can be found in Series VII. Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute and pertain to Wallace's study of "arctic hysteria" (piblokto) among Greenland Inuit. Subseries B. U.S.-Soviet Commission on Anthropology of Series VI. Consulting and Committee Work also contains items on arctic populations. Materials related to Wallace's research on Native American and Indigenous topics can also be throughout Series I. Correspondence (several of Wallace's correspondents were anthropologists, historians, Native individuals, and other interested parties), Series III. Notecards, Series IV. Works by Wallace, Series V. Works by Others, Series VI. Consulting and Committee Work, Series VIII. University of Pennsylvania (to a lesser extent), Series XI. Maps, and Series XII. Graphics. Relevant correspondence files include those of the American Philosophical Society, James Axtell, Molly Nelson Archambaud (Molly Spotted Elk, Penobscot) Whitfield Bell, Robert F. Berkhofer, Carl Bridenbaugh, Edward C. Carter, Raymond Fogelson, Robert Grumet, Jeannette Henry, Stephen N. Kane, George F. Kearney, David H. Kelley, Nancy Lurie, J. T. S. McCabe, D'Arcy McNickle, Chief C. O. Nelson, Stanley Pargellis, Robert Prall, John E. Roth, Claude E. Schaefer, Donald Smith, John Tabor, Norman Tait, Morton I. Teicher, Ronald Thomas, and Katharine Young. The graphics series is also significant, containing images of pictographs, watercolor paintings by Ray Fadden's (Mohawk, aka Aren Akweks) son John (Mohawk, aka Ka-Hon-Hes), original drawings by Seneca Jesse Cornplanter and Tuscarora Nellie Gansworth, and photographs associated with Paul A.W. Wallace's fieldwork among the Indians of Pennsylvania, New York State, and Ontario as well as Anthony F.C. Wallace's research (1947-1985) on American Indians. Specific items not mentioned elsewhere include a folder on "Muckleshoot Tribe vs. the United States, Docket No. 98" and "Tee-Hit-Ton Indians vs. the United States" [the Tee-Hit-Ton are Tlingit] in Series IX. Indian Claims; a folder containing Frank Speck material on the Nanticoke in Series IV. Works by Wallace A. Professional; and a paper on the Nez Perce in Subseries 5. Student Seminar Papers of Series II. Research Notes and Drafts D. Rockdale.
Collection: Anthony F. C. Wallace Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.64a)