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Shawnee | Delaware | Potawatomi | Meskwaki | Menominee | Cree | Ojibwe | Blackfoot | Cheyenne | Ktunaxa | Penobscot | Mi'kmaq
Alternate forms: Lenape, Fox, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Micmac
Date: circa 1930s-1960s
Extent: 25 folders, 1 box
Description: There are many materials relating to Algonquian languages in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. This entry is intended as a catch-all for materials labeled as Algonquian or Macro-Algonquian, or having to do with several Algonquian languages in a general way. Researchers should also view the entries for specific Algonquian languages and culture groups. Algonquian materials are located in both Subcollection I and Subcollection II. In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with Leonard Bloomfield (regarding an inscription on a silver bracelet; Bloomfield's "Menomini Grammar"), Charles Hockett (with questions about Voegelin's article on Delaware and examples from other Algonquian languages), and Morris Swadesh (including a brief Stockbridge vocabulary and a slip of Moravian Delaware) in Series I. Correspondence; 1 box of comparative Algonquian vocabulary and grammar in Series II. and several linguistic maps (i.e., "Algonquian language text with illustrations" and "Linguistic classification of the Southern New England Algonquians"), particularly of the Potawatomi, Delaware, and Shawnee, to accompany the texts of Voegelin's work on Algonquian languages, in Series VII. Photographs. In Subcollection II, there is relevant correspondence from Eric Hamp (to Ives Goddard regarding preparation of Arapaho and Algonquian works) and Frank Speck (to Edward Sapir regarding his work on Mi'kmaq and other northern Algonquian languages and societies) in Series I. Correspondence. There is also an entire subseries devoted to Macro-Algonquian: Subseries III. Macro-Algonquian of Series II. Research Notes. This subseries contains a grammatical sketch of Algonquian by Leonard Bloomfield (135 pages of typescript with handwritten edits and 7 interleaved pages of notes by Voegelin); another "Sketch of Algonquian" by Bloomfield consisting of a notebook (approx. 45 pages) and handwritten notes (approx. 80 pages); 5 folders of notebooks focusing on beginning sounds ("Č and K," "L and M," "N and P," " Š and T," and "Θ and ?"), drawing from Pacific Coast Algonquian ("PCA"), Fox [Meskwaki], Plains Cree, Menominee, and Ojibwe; 3 folders of other comparative Algonquian notebooks organized by general nouns, body parts, kinship terms, numerals, and verbs; miscellaneous Algonquian notes; and specimens of Central Algonquian, including short texts in Fox [Meskwaki], Ojibwe, Menominee, and Plains Cree, with English translations. The rest of the material in the Macro-Algonquian folder is organized according to specific languages: Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Fox (Meskwaki), Kutenai [Ktunaxa culture], Ojibwe, Penobscot, and Shawnee. Finally, there is an article titled "Some Observations on Algonquian Phonology" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries I: General works; an incomplete typed draft of Bloomfield's "Sketch of Algonquian" in Series IV. Works by Others; and a "Linguistic map of Southern New England" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries V: American Indian Languages.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Chehalis | Quinault | Blackfoot
Date: 1925-1927
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: These linguistic materials include field notes taken by Ronald L. Olson pertaining to the Quinault and Quileute Indians, and a vocabulary of the Blackfoot language assembled by Isaac Ingalls Stevens, as well as a comparative vocabulary of Indians of the United States. From originals in the University of Washington Libraries.
Collection: American Indian linguistic materials, 1925-1927 (Mss.Film.1276)

Blackfoot | Ktunaxa | Kalispel | Salish | Séliš-Ql̓ispé
Alternate forms: Blackfeet, Flathead, Kootenai, Kootenay, Kutenai, Niitsitapi, Pend d'Oreille
Date: 1916
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 page
Description: The Blackfoot materials in the ACLS collection consists of 1 item in the "Blackfoot" section of the finding aid. This item is a 1-page word list recorded by Edward Sapir, comparing Blackfoot terms for the numerals 1-10 with the corresponding terms in Kutenai and Flathead Salish.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Blackfoot
Alternate forms: Siksika
Language(s): English | Blackfoot
Date: circa 1930s-1960s
Type:Text
Extent: 13 folders, 2 boxes
Description: The C. F. Voegelin Papers contain correspondence, card files, notes, notebooks, Vocabularies, and other linguistic and ethnographic materials relating to Blackfoot language and culture. These are located in both Subcollection I and Subcollection II of the Voegelin Papers. Materials in Subcollection I include 2 boxes of card files (mostly vocabulary) and 2 folders of document files in Series II. Card Files. Of particular interest in Folder #1 might be some notes on vocabulary and eight pages of an incomplete letter, apparently to Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin, from someone based at the Blackfoot agency doing fieldwork under the auspices of Clark Wissler and working with Mr. Calfchild. The writer mentions societies, exogamy, kinship, reciprocity, bands, etc. Folder #2 contains child-focused material including typed texts (mostly sporadic comments) obtained from children, fragments of typed observations about children's interactions and language use, and a two-page list of 24 Blackfoot children, with their full names, ages, and sometimes notes about their fluency or references to texts and other works for which these individuals were apparently consulted. There is also a bundle of texts, mostly about Blackfoot societies and their origins, labeled "Old Bull (Shultz's Informant)" [Possibly a reference to James Willard Schultz (1859-1947)]. Continuing with Subcollection I, there is also 1 folder of undated linguistic notes in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-A: Language Notes; a folder containing the typed transcript of a dialogue (between children at play) between Velma Bear Hat and Margaret Water Chief in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-B: Text; and 3 undated folders in Series VI. Notebooks (which were described in detail by Richard A. Rhodes, Department of Linguistics at the University of California-Berkeley, in 1988, and include vocabulary, stories, work on paradigms, vowel clusters, suffixes, numerals, kinship terms, and some ethnographic information in #3). Blackfoot materials in Subcollection II include correspondence with Oscar Lewis (regarding Blackfoot culture and linguistic classfication, particularly in relation to Kutenai, and including a paper Lewis sent and Voegelin's response) and Edward Sapir (mentioning work on Blackfoot, Algonquin and Wiyot) in Series I. Correspondence; and several folders in Series II. Research Notes, Subseries III. Macro-Algonquian. The latter contain Blackfoot grammatical notes, Blackfoot prefixes, sketches of Blackfoot designs, and 8 notebooks. Blackfoot notebooks 1-7 contain stories (Blackfoot with interlinear English), Vocabularies, and names of speakers, and a separate unnumbered Blackfoot notebook contains ethnographic notes in English, though some Blackfoot terms and phrases are included.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Blackfoot | Pawnee
Language(s): English | Blackfoot
Date: 1917-1981
Type:Text
Genre: Notes | Grammars
Description: The Blackfoot materials in the Siebert Papers are limited to linguistic and ethnographic secondary sources located in Series VII.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Blackfoot
Alternate forms: Siksika
Language(s): Blackfoot | English
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Description: The Blackfoot materials in the Harvey Pitkin Papers are limited to a single linguistic thumbnail sketch by Allan R. Taylor in Subcollection II, Series 4, Subseries 1.
Collection: Harvey Pitkin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.78)

Blackfoot | Kainai
Alternate forms: Blood, Siksika
Language(s): Blackfoot | English
Date: 1950s
Genre: Stories
Extent: 2 min. : DIGITIZED
Description: The Blackfoot materials in the Ilse Lehiste Papers consist of one audio recording of a story recorded at Blood Indian Reserve in Alberta, told by Shirley Tailfeathers. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Ilse Lehiste papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.62)

Blackfoot
Alternate forms: Nitsitapi, Siksika
Language(s): Blackfoot | English
Date: 1950
Extent: 3 sound tape reels (1 hr., 22 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: The Blackfoot materials in William Fenton's "Indian Language Field Recordings" collection are located in "Series 9: Blackfoot Songs and Dances." One recording includes a very brief word list in Crow.  (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Indian Language Field Recordings (Mss.Rec.138)

Blackfoot
Alternate forms: Siksika
Language(s): Blackfoot | English
Date: 1960s-1970s
Subject: Linguistics | Games
Type:Text
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: Haas' Blackfoot file was produced concurrently with PhD student Allan Taylor's dissertation, a grammar of the language, and Taylor appears to have produced much of it as a result of fieldwork. The file includes reprints with marginalia, phonology, a field notebook containing 15 pages of basic vocabulary and paradigms in Series 2 Subseries ‘Multiple Languages', and lexica with Proto-Algonquian comparisons, in Series 9.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)

Blackfoot
Alternate forms: Siksika
Language(s): Blackfoot | English
Date: 1967-1968, 1995, 2005, 2012-2015
Extent: 345 pages, 4 CDs
Description: The Blackfoot materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 6 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Armoskaite, Powers, Spriggs, Bliss, Kim, and Miyashita.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)