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Culture: Otomi | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kaw | Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | A'aninin | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Seminole | Quapaw | Yuchi | Lenape | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Creek | Mohican | Mohegan
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Ojibwa, Huron-Wyandot, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Lenape
Language(s): English | German | Otomi, Mezquital | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kansa | Omaha-Ponca | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille | Miami-Illinois | Mi'kmaq | Mikasuki | Quapaw | Yuchi | Delaware | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Muscogee | Mohegan-Pequot
Subject: Linguistics | Algonquian languages | Iroquoian languages | Siouan languages | Muskogean languages
Extent: 219 pages
Description: This volume contains extracts of Benjamin Smith Barton's "New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America" (Philadelphia, 1797), with additions by Peter S. Du Ponceau. The bulk of the volume is comprised of word list of 54 words with equivalents listed in a range of 50-70 languages. While Barton listed no authority, Du Ponceau cited sources. Languages with words listed include Chitimacha, Atakapa, Cherokee, Osage, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Nottoway, Kansa, Omaha, Dakota, Pawnee, Nanticoke, Gros Ventres, Miami, Mi'kmaq, Seminole, Quapaw, Yuchi, Delaware, Ojibwe, Shawnee, Seneca, Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Tuscarora, Natches, Wyandot, Creek, Mahican, Mohegan, and many others. The word list includes the terms for God, heaven, and sky, as well as various terms relating to kinship, parts of the body, weather, and more. The volume also includes notes on sounds of the Otomi (Othomi) observations on declension; observations about the Omaha, Kansa, Oto, Arkansas, and Missouri languages; and notes on symbol and sound. Also includes a newspaper clipping of a review (in German) of Barton's "New Views" that appeared in "Göttingische Anzeigen von gelehrten Sachen," June 17, 1799.
Collection: A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages (Mss.497.B28)
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): Cayuga | Cherokee | English | Wyandot | Mohawk | Oneida | Onondaga | Seneca | Tuscarora
Date: circa 1930
Contributor: Olbrechts, Frans M., 1899-1958
Extent: 56 pages, 1000+ card slips, 1 box
Description: The Olbrechts papers contains three items focused on comparisons of Iroquoian languages, all located in Series I. The "Comparative relative pronouns" notebook contains word comparison tables with terms from Cherokee, Tuscarora, Mohawk, Oneida, Huron, Wyandot, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and "Pr." Two folders titled "Comparison of Iroquois languages" contains with comparative vocabulary, as does a large lexical file box with 1000+ slips.
Collection: Frans M. Olbrechts papers (Mss.497.3.OL2)
Alternate forms: Huron-Wyandot
Contributor: Potier, Pierre-Philippe, 1708-1781
Extent: 38 photocopies
Description: Original in Archives of the Jesuit seminary, Montreal, College Ste.-Marie. Vocabulary of Huron with French equivalents, semantically ordered (parts of body, terms of relationship, animals, etc.). List of names of occupants of Huron villages, L'ile aux bois blanc, 1747 (33 cabins); list of bands, locations, names of chiefs. Collected by missionary at Huron-Wyandot mission of Sandwich, Detroit River.
Collection: Huron linguistic materials, 1743-1744 (Mss.497.2.P845)
Alternate forms: Huron, Wendat
Date: Circa 1949
Contributor: Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: 173 English words with Huron-Wyandot equivalents, compiled from Cartier, Sagard, Hale, Potier, Chaumonot. Also lists radicals, with occasional comparisons with other Iroquoian dialects.
Collection: Huron Word List (Mss.497.2.B235w)
Language(s): Delaware | English | Latin | Nottoway | Onondaga | Powhatan | Tuscarora | Welsh | Wyandot
Contributor: Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823 | Kampman, Christian Frederick, 1708-1808 | Turner, Edie | Wood, John, ca. 1775-1822
Extent: 1 volume, 11 p.
Description: This small manuscript volume contains a brief vocabulary written down by John Wood "from an old Indian Woman of the name of Edie Turner the 4th of March 1820"; together with newsclipping, Petersburg, Virginia, March 17, identifying informant and relating Nottoway, Powhatan and Welsh. The vocabulary is listed by semantic categories "Of the Universe; Of the Human Species; Of Animals; Vegetable Kingdom; Division of Time; Domestic Essays; Adjectives; Verbs." Marginal comparisons with Tuscarora, Onondaga, Wyandot, Delaware, etc., probably by Peter S. Du Ponceau. [See also letters of Jefferson to Du Ponceau, July 7, 1820; Du Ponceau to Jefferson, July 12, 1820.] This item is bound with a list of the Latin and botanical names of the plants, prepared by Christian Frederick Kampman, and with John Wood, "Vocabulary of the language of the Nottoway Tribe of Indians..." (1820).
Collection: Nottoway, Lenape, and Algonquian vocabularies (Mss.497.3.W85)
Language(s): English | Mapuche | Quechua | Poqomam | Carib | Nahuatl (macrolanguage) | Wampanoag | Wyandot
Extent: 1 vol., 35 p.
Description: This manuscript copy contains dictionaries of nine Indian vocabularies, such as Aztec, Algonkin, and Huron, and was taken from Reland's "Dissertationum miscellanearum pars tertia" (Utrecht, 1708). [Vocabularies compiled from printed sources, of South and North American dialects: Brasilica (1590,1595,1648); Chilensis (1647); Peruana, Poconziae [or Poconomica, Guatemala and Honduras]; Caraibica [Antilles], 1658; Mexicana [Otomitica, Chontalica, Zoquina, Cascan, Niciecana, Chicemeca dialects mentioned]; Virginiana (1966 [Eliot] 1685 [Mather], Algonkina [1703 La Hontan] Huramica (German-Huron vocabulary not included; 1822.]
Collection: Vocabularia variarum linguarum Americanarum (Mss.498.R27)
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Huron-Wyandot
Subject: Linguistics | Jesuits | Canada--History--To 1763 (New France) | Warfare | Politics and government | Diplomacy
Extent: 2 items
Description: Materials relating to Paul A. W. Wallace's interest in Wyandot (Huron) language, history, and culture. Items include Wallace's 8-page "Who Were the Hurons' Allies of 1615?" in which he concludes that the unnamed allies who were to aid Champlain and the Hurons probably were Susquehannocks; and eighteenth-century missionary Pierre-Philippe Potier's Huron-French vocabulary, from a document possibly in the archives of St. Mary's College, Montreal.
Collection: Paul A. W. Wallace Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.64b)