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Iowa
Alternate forms: Chiwere, Ioway, Oto, Otoe
Date: 1936-1947
Extent: 1,000+ pages, 18 photographs, 4,000 cards, 75 bluebooks (4-8 pages each)
Description: The Iowa materials in the ACLS collection consist primarily of materials collected by Gordon Marsh in the late 1930s, all located in the "Iowa" section of the finding aid. Marsh's materials, recorded with the assistance of Iowa speakers, especially Robert Small and Julia Small, include numerous texts on a variety of subjects, which are in the manuscripts in both initial handwritten form (in bluebooks) and in later typescript form, with both interlinear translations and free translations, of which some of the latter were made by Robert Small. This material also includes a draft version of a grammar of the Iowa extensive lexical files including Iowa-English, English-Iowa, and comparisons to related languages (Osage, Dakota, Lakota, Omaha-Ponca, Kansa, and Ho-chunk); and other linguistic notes, with related correspndence. There are also 18 photographs of Iowa people with whom Marsh worked. In this same section, there is also a brief descriptive grammar by William Whitman based on field work with an Iowa speaker and an Oto speaker.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee
Alternate forms: Sioux
Language(s): English | Omaha-Ponca
Date: 1935 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 2 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Omaha language, history, and culture. One folder contains 11 pages of miscellaneous notes including 1 page of Sioux [Dakota] or Omaha words, 3 pages of Omaha lexical items, Sioux song text, 4 pages of Omaha text and paradigms, vocabulary, ethnological notes, and 3 pages of Omaha verb conjugations. The second folder contains five pages of material relating to a Plains Indian shield, including one card of bibliographic notes, a letter from Chicago dealer Albert G. Heath to Speck concerning a Pawnee shield sent as specimen, and a letter from F. T. Thunder to Speck concerning an Omaha shield he is making.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)