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Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Miami | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1740-1760
Type:Text
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Six Nations and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Six Nations, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Language(s): English
Date: September 20, 1763
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Proposals for a lasting peace with the Indians. Original in Linnean Society of London. Suggests appointment of a surveyor to determine true boundaries, and the ejection of squatters by force from Indian lands.
Collection: Peter Collinson papers (Mss.Film.629)

Anishinaabe | Mohawk | Odawa | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1754-1757
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: Letters to Governors Denny and Morris regarding rumors about French and Indian movements; arrival of 400 French, 200 Conawagas [Kahnawakes, or Mohawks], and Ottoways [Odawas] ready to move; 1,100 French and 70 Arondacks at French Fort on Monongahela. Trader and former captive John Patten's statement that the French keep Native women and children in forts while the men are hunting, and offer fine camping grounds.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Anishinaabe | Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Mohawk | Seneca | Shawnee | Miami | Odawa
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various items relating to Haudenosaunee-Pennsylvania relations, largely in the 1750s. Topics include need for colonial governments to renew the covenant chain; death of Tanaghrisson (Seneca, also called the Half King) suspected to be witchcraft; the diplomatic work of Scarroyady (Oneida, also called Monacatootha and the Half King), especially as a go-between between the Six Nations and Pennsylvania; the Albany Plan of Union; a conference with Caughnawagas [Kahnawakes] and negotiations for the redemption of an Indian held prisoner by the Caughnawagas; drunken conduct of Andrew Montour; Conrad Weiser's dealings with the family of Shickellamy (Oneida); John Lidieus's purchase of Susquehanna lands from the Six Nations for Connecticut; George Croghan's meeting at Logstown with Six Nations and Shawnees; a document prepared for Governor Hamilton listing events, letters, resolutions, and behavior of Miamis and other Indians toward Six Nations, Ohio lands, etc.; 1754 appointment of John Penn, Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin as Commissioners of Pennsylvania to a list of Six Nations Indians present at the 1758 Treaty of Easton; and Christian Frederick Post on Indian character.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Cayuga
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: April 19, 1756
Contributor: Unknown
Type:Text
Extent: 10 pages
Description: "Substance of an occasional conversation with several Indians after dinner at Israel Pemberton's." Those present include Scarroyady (Oneida), Jonathan Konachtogo (a Cayuga), and other Indians; members of Pemberton family; and interpreters Conrad Weiser, Andrew Montour, and Daniel Claus.
Collection: Manuscripts on Indian affairs (Mss.970.4.M415)

Shawnee
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 17 items
Description: Correspondence and other material relating to Pennsylvania Indian affairs during the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War) era. Topics include various actions, rumors, and events during the course of the war; capture of an Indian spy; Indian attacks and reports of Indian attacks; a reward given for killing three Indians; the process of coming to peace; requests for trade goods; illegal liquor sales to Indians, especially land claims and disputes; horse theft; expenses of cutting a road; Indian battle at Murray Hill; Individuals (other than contributors) mentioned include John Sacalamus, Colonel Henry Bouquet, Sushocapee.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)

Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1782
Type:Text
Extent: 22 items
Description: Correspondence and one report relating to Pennsylvania Indian affairs during the Seven Years' War and Revolutionary War eras. Topics include hostilities between Indians and colonists; murders of Indians, particularly the Frederick Stump affair and a massacre at Shamokin; traders' abuses, fears, and losses; suspicion of Proprietary regarding its relations with Indians; Quakers' efforts to make peace with native neighbors; the so-called Black Boys Rebellion in 1765; land grants as restitution to those who sustained losses during wars with Indians. Individuals mentioned include George Croghan, Aliquippy, Thomas Walpole, Mr. Dagge, Ralph Fretwell, Captain [Robert] Callender, Joseph Fox, Joseph Galloway, John Hughes, Edward Pennington, and Samuel Rhoads.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1769
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Native peoples during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include anxieties about the French, especially in Ohio; excursions against French and Indian enemies; raids by French and Indian enemies; trade with Indians and competition from Virginia traders; murders of Native individuals; attempts to treat with Native groups; land negotiations; Native complaints about land seizures; colonial officials trying to understand Native grievances to come to peace; 1759 conference in Pittsburgh; gifts for Native diplomats in Philadelphia.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1723-1796 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 3 reels
Description: Selected materials on Indian affairs from the Public Archives of Canada, the Public Records Office, London, and Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, relating to the Haudenosaunee, aka the Six Nations Iroquois. From the Daniel Claus Papers, 1761-1796, are letters and papers on Indian affairs at Forts Pitt, Niagara, and Detroit, with letters of Dr. Alexander McKee, Arthur St. Clair, Joseph Chew, Richard Butler, Joseph Brant, and John Graves Simcoe. From the papers of Brigadier Robert Monckton, 1760-1761, are appointments, returns, reports, bills and receipts, and letters relating to Forts Pitt, Bedford, and Niagara, with letters of James Burd, Horatio Gates, Henry Bouquet, Lewis Ourry, Sir John St. Clair, Thomas Hutchins, John Stanwix, and Lord Amherst. There are also excerpts from the minutes of the Commissioners of Indian Affairs at Albany, 1723-1746; transcripts from the Public Record Office on Indians, trade, defense, 1698-1767, including names of persons naturalized in British America, 1740-61, and accounts of Lt. Col. Harry Gordon, 1756-1761, 1764-1767; Duquesne-Centrecoeur correspondence, 1752-1753, Fonds Verreau, from the Université Laval, Quebec; and, miscellaneous documents. Some of the materials pertain to the Six Nations during the Revolutionary War era. All materials concern eighteenth-century Indian affairs, especially the Six Nations, and to a lesser extent Algonquian Indians. Donated by historian Barbara Graymont in 1965.
Collection: Selected materials on Indian affairs, 1698-1796 (Mss.Film.426)

Shawnee
Language(s): English
Date: 1708-1754
Type:Text
Extent: 8 items
Description: Six letters regarding a mine Indians have discovered and are working; Shawnees "performing business" for Colonel Evans; Shawnees allegedly guilty of murdering colonists and Logan's efforts to treat with Newcheconner about it; Newcheconner's instistence on Shawnee innocence in the matter; a pass for Shikellamy to come to Philadelphia. A 1754 deposition by George Croghan and two other traders complaining that they were robbed and detained by pro-French Shawnees led by Peter Chartier at Shawneetown on the Allegany, and that their (enslaved?) African American servant was set free. A 1737 report by George Miranda titled "A true account of all the men in the three towns in Allegania of the Shawnese nation, " containing names and total population figures for French Town, Peter Chartier Town, Kiscomonetta's Town.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)