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Alternate forms: Micmac, Malecite
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Butler, Eva L. | Mechling, William Hubbs, 1888-1953
Subject: Linguistics | Ethnography | Anthropology | Specimens | Orthography and spelling | Funeral rites and ceremonies | Hunting | Wampum | Music | Missions | Dance | Social life and customs | Birch bark | Religion
Genre: Notes | Essays | Stories | Correspondence | Field notes | Maps | Drafts | Newspaper clippings | Pictographs
Extent: 8 folders
Description: Materials relating to Mi'kmaq history, language, and culture. Includes Speck's field notes on topics such as wampum, hunting territories, Cape Breton texts, Newfoundland traditions, the Passamaquoddy, etc., as well as a map with names of Bear River Band members and one piece of birch bark with pictographs inscribed; Speck's miscellaneous notes and correspondence on topics such as consultants, specimens, hieroglyphics, linguistics, fieldwork, Mi'kmaq and Cherokee, and the Mi'kmaq mission newspaper; a text on Mi'kmaq dance with interlinear translation, notes, and a musical score; 10 pages of linguistic notes and vocabulary collected along the Miramichi River, along with 6 pages of typed copy by John Witthoft; correspondence with Mechling concerning linguistic research on the Mi'kmaq, Malecite [Malecite-Passamaquoddy], and Oaxaca languages, Mi'kmaq burials, and historic materials on Beothuk and Mi'kmaq; a brief article on a traveler's account of the Mi'kmaq in 1822; an incomplete article or set of reading excerpts taken after 1922 by Speck from John G. Millais (1907); and extracts concerning the sweat house taken by Butler from the Jesuit Relations.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Alternate forms: Micmac
Date: circa 1816-1820 and undated
Subject: Linguistics | Algonquian languages | Missions | Religion | Canada--History--To 1763 (New France) | Jesuits | Séminaire de Québec
Genre: Microfilms | Catechisms | Grammars | Sermons | Instructions | Notes | Pictographs | Tables (documents) | Biographies | Dictionaries
Extent: 5 items
Description: Part of a collection comprised of religious and linguistic materials in various Native American languages. Many were written by Jesuit missionaries of New France. These particular items include a catechism for Mi'kmaq children; a Mi'kmaq grammar copied by Rev. M. G. P. Cote, cure de Ste. Croix, and given by him to the Seminaire de Quebec in 1907; missionary Joseph-Marie Bellenger's book of Sunday sermons, including instructions and notes about the Mi'kmaq language (with Bellenger's observation that his notes are based on Maillard but that he has often had to supply endings), as well as a page of pictographs; Pierre-Antoine-Simon Maillard's manuscript containing religious doctrine and exercises, a table of deaths, notes on the principles of the French languages, and a table of contents, with a biographical note by Bellenger added in 1816 and 10 pages of pictographs with their meanings in Mi'kmaq; and Maillard's 1820 volume on the Mi'kmaq language, copied by Bellenger. Originals in the Archives de l'Archeveche de Quebec and at the Universite Laval, Seminaire de Quebec.
Collection: Selected materials, 1676-1930, on Indian linguistics (Mss.Film.453)
Alternate forms: Micmac, Montagnais
Subject: Picture-writing | Orthography and spelling | Religion | Quebec--History | Newfoundland--History
Extent: 41 pages
Description: This is a comparative vocabulary of the Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Innu-aimun (Montagnais, "Mountaineer"), and Naskapi ("Skoffie") languages. It includes Mi'kmaq prayers and a dictionary of Mi'kmaq pictographs. The latter includes 288 ink sketch pictographs of the Mi'kmaq language presented by Gabriel, an Innu man ("Mountaineer Indian,") and transcribed by Thomas Pierronet in 1797. Includes three Christian prayers in pictorial sentences.
Collection: Specimen of the Mountaineer, or Sheshatapooshshoish, Skoffie, and Micmac Languages, 1797 (Mss.497.3.P61s)