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Chehalis | Puyallup
Date: 1882, circa 1890; 1897, 1927-1936
Type:Text
Extent: 1800+ loose pages, 15 notebooks, circa 8000 slips
Description: The Chehalis materials in the ACLS collection consist of a large volume of material spread across numerous items in the "Chehalis" section of the finding aid. Major items of significance include Boas's 14 Upper Chehalis field notebooks (item S2c.1), recorded in 1927 near Oakville, Washington, containing vocabulary, paradigms, and texts with interlinear translations. Additional loose notes (item S2c.4) contains numerous stories, which partially derive from the field notebooks. Also noteworthy is an extensive lexical file of over 8,000 slips (item S2c.2) derived from Boas's field work, partially arranged and analyzed. Earlier materials relating to the Lower Chehalis dialect were recorded circa 1890 by Boas at Shoalwater Bay, as well as material copied from Myron Eells' 1880s field work and later corrected by Boas (items S2b.1, S2c.5 and S2c.6). Other smaller items, such as Aginsky's comparison of Upper Chehalis and Puyallup (item S.9), consist primarily of linguistic analysis and some ethnographic information. The names of Chehalis speakers and consultants who made the work across these items possible are not fully reflected in the cataloging, as many are typically not identified by Boas.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Chemakum | Quileute | Klallam
Alternate forms: Chimakum, S'Klallam, Clallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm
Language(s): English | Chemakum | Quileute | Klallam
Date: 1853?; 1890; 1928; 1930; 1953;
Type:Text
Extent: 45 pages; 1 notebook (14 pages); Circa 1,500 slips
Description: The Chemakum materials in the ACLS collection consist of 5 items in the "Chimakum" section of the finding aid. The earliest item (W3b.3, "Chemakum vocabulary") is a word list recorded by George Gibbs, circa 1853, from a woman named Jule, slave and mistress of King George, a Clallam chief. This list is in English orthography with accents marked, and includes parts of the body, household objects, material objects, animals, adverbs, and verbs. Subsequent fieldwork includes a notebook by Manuel Andrade (item W3b.5), containing an English-Chimakum vocabulary, with an attempt to verify use of consultant Louise Webster by Franz Boas at Port Gamble in 1890. Additional material includes linguistic analyses by Sapir and Swadesh (items W3b.2 and W3b.4). Lastly, an extensive lexicon of over 1,500 slips (item W3b.1) was compiled by Franz Boas, based upon field work conducted in 1890. Boas's original field notebook is found as Notebook 3 in "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat, Molala, and Masset" (item Pn4b.5) located in the "Chinook" section of the finding aid. Some Klallam language information may be intermixed with the Chimakum language information, but not currently distinguished.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Clackamas
Alternate forms: Klackamas
Language(s): English | Chinook, Upper
Date: 1890-1894; 1920
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages; 2 notebooks; circa 65 slips
Description: The Clackamas materials in the ACLS collection include two items in the "Clackamas" section of the finding aid: a 2-page fragment of a Clackamas-English vocabulary (item Pn4a.1), and a brief slip file containing kinship terms (item Pn4a.7). Two notebooks recorded by Franz Boas in 1890 which partially contain Clackamas texts and vocabularies are found in "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat, Molala, and Masset" (item Pn4b.5) in the "Chinook" section of the finding aid. In the "Kathlamet" section, the larger "Kathlamet lexicon" (item Pn4a.2) includes some comparative Clackamas terms.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Colville | Syilx
Alternate forms: Okanagan, Okanagon
Language(s): English | Okanagan
Date: 1982, 1987-1991
Type:Text
Extent: 267 pages
Description: The Colville materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 3 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Ackerman and Bessell.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Makah
Language(s): Makah | English
Date: 1978-1979
Type:Text
Extent: 4 folders
Description: The Makah materials in the Susan Golla Papers consist of "Makah Days" by the Makah Days Committee, a conference handout from William H. Jacobsen, Jr., a museum exhibit leaflet for the Makah Cultural and Research Center (all Series IV), and a description of the opening of this museum in the June 4 - July 7 1978 field notebook (Series II Subseries I).
Collection: Susan Golla papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.89)

Quileute
Language(s): English | Quileute
Date: 1908-1933
Extent: 817 loose pages; 21 notebooks; approx. 4,800 word slips; 1 map
Description: The Quileute collection in the ACLS collection consists of a large body of materials located primarily in the "Quileute" section of the finding aid. These materials were recorded primarily by Albert Reagan, Leo Frachtenberg, and Manuel Andrade. Reagan was an Indian agent and teacher at the Quileute Day School. His materials, dated from 1908-1913, primarily include drawing made by students at the Quileute Day School. These images include pencil and ink sketches, color crayon drawings, watercolors, and geletin silver prints of utensils, canoes, drums, rattles, toys, arrows, masks, totems, and decorative patterns. Frachtenberg's materials date from roughtly 1915 to 1922 and contain detailed ethnographic and linguistic information, split up into several different listed items. Andrade's work followed shortly after Frachtenberg and concerns primiarily linguistic information and additional stories. Arthur Howeattle is a prominent Quileute consultant for some of these items. Some additional materials comparing the Quileute and Chemakum languages can be found in the "Chemakum" section of the finding aid, as well as comparisons of Quileute and Nuu-chah-nulth in the "Nootka" section of the finding aid.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Queets | Quinault | Flathead | Salish
Language(s): English | Quinault
Date: 1897, 1916-1917
Type:Text
Extent: 15 notebooks, and 54 pages
Description: The Quinault materials in the ACLS collection consist mainly of two items in the "Quinault" section of the finding aid. One is a set of field notebooks recorded by Livingston Farrand that primarily contain stories with interlinear translations, some stories in English only, as well as vocabularies and ethnographic notes. The other item is a set of vocabulary and grammatical notes recorded by Herman Haeberlin with Quinault speakers Harry Shale of Taholah (on December 28-30, 1916) and Mrs Toby Saux of La Push (on January 2, 1917.) This latter item includes vocabulary for parts of body, natural objects, implements, mammals, fish, reptiles.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Spokane
Language(s): English | Spokane
Date: 1974, 1989-1991, 1993
Type:Text
Extent: 260 pages
Description: The Spokane materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 3 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Bessell, Carlson, and Orser.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Wasco-Wishram
Language(s): English | Wasco-Wishram
Date: 1906-1956
Type:Text
Extent: 0.5 linear feet
Description: The Walter Dyk Collection consists of 16 folders relating to Dyk's dissertation research on Wishram, 1930-1933, donated to the APS by Dell Hymes in the 1980s (with additions transferred from the Dell H. Hymes Papers in 2019). It includes copies of his masters thesis (Chicago, 1931) and dissertation (Yale, 1933), papers and notes sent to Dell Hymes in the mid-1950s when Hymes was working on the language, including two field notebooks, Hymes' plans for use of these and other materials, and a small but important set of correspondence. The correspondence includes letters to Dyk from Philip Kahclamet, who was Dyk's primary consultant for "Kikct" (which Kahclamet identifies as a broad term for several related varieties), and who later worked with Hymes; from Edward Sapir to Dyk, including a very long and detailed letter commenting on phonology in Dyk's dissertation; and a series of letters to Sapir from Peter McGuff, Sapir's Wishram consultant at Fort Simcoe, Washington, 1906-1908. Sapir described him in Sapir (1909), and Michael Silverstein discussed him in Natural Histories of Discourse (1996), a volume co-edited by Silverstein and Greg Urban. See finding aid for related material and an itemized list of contents.
Collection: Walter Dyk Collection (Mss.497.3.H998m)