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Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): French
Date: 1691
Type:Text
Genre: Maps | Essays
Extent: 20 pages
Description: Copy, of chapter 5 only, made from the original Swedish manuscript in the Royal Archives. Gives place names and description of settlements along the Delaware and adjoining creeks; Place names and some historical information, as well as the fabulous. Meant to accompany Lindestrom's map, a copy of which was presented with this manuscript.
Collection: New Sweden Records (Mss.974.8.Sw2)

Inuit
Alternate forms: Eskimo
Language(s): English
Date: 1908-1929
Extent: 3 folders
Description: The Eugenics Record Office Records consist of 330.5 linear feet of materials relating to the ERO, founded in 1910 for the study of human heredity and as a repository for genetic data on human traits. The Eugenics Record Office Papers (1670-1964) contain trait schedules, newspaper clippings, manuscript essays, pedigree charts, article abstracts, reprints, magazine articles, bibliographies, photographs, hair samples, postcard pictures, card files, and some correspondence which document the projects of the Eugenics Record Office during the thirty-four years of its operation. There are Inuit (formerly Eskimo) materials located in Series I. Trait Files. These include Folder "A:974 x 98. Caucasian x Eskimo" (1927), which contains correspondence (with sketches) of Herbert B. Wentz, M.D. to Harry H. Laughlin of the Eugenics Research Association, largely about the occurence of pigmentation in children of white and Native parents, but also with Wentz's descriptions of the unfair treatment toward Native Alaskans in medicine, education, and the reindeer industry. Folder "A:979 x 80. Caucasian - Eskimo" (1919) contains a single, brief anecdotal paragraph about an Inuit woman married to a white man. Folder "A:9798. Eskimos" (1908-1929) contains several newspaper clippings and articles (from Harpers, World's Work, The Literary Digest, The New York Times, etc.) relating to the Inuit, including Vilhjalmr Stefansson's article "Wintering Among the Eskimos"; newspaper clippings showing Mrs. Frank E. Kleinschmidt sharing a meal with Inuit women and children, Mrs. Kleinschmidt with an Inuit hunter, and an Inuit girl; Robert J. Flaherty's article "Wetalltooks' Islands: How the Remarkable Information and Native Map of One Wetalltook, an Esquimo, Suggested the Belcher Island Expedition" (with photos); Flaherty's article "How I Flimed 'Nanook of the North'" (with photos); "Knud Rasmussen's Artic Odyssey: The First of Two Articles by the Leader of the Fifth Thule Expedition" (with photos); William A. Thomas's "Health of a Carnivorous Race: A Study of the Eskimo"; a New York Times spread on Earl Rossman's expedition in Nunivak (with photos); Stefansson's "The 'Blond' Eskimos"; "Eskimos Under their Skin, as seen by Rasmussen" (with photos); and three pages of references to mentions of Eskimos in medical journals, two from the Journal of Immunology, Baltimore and one from Ugeskrift for Laeger, Copenhagen.
Collection: Eugenics Record Office Records (Mss.Ms.Coll.77)

Language(s): French
Date: 1783
Subject: Expeditions
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 127 pages
Description: This small leather bound volume contains an essay by APS member Joseph Mandrillon, prepared for the Académie des sciences, belles-lettres et arts de Lyon. The essay discusses the discovery of America, early exploration, and colonization. It is written in French. Joseph Mandrillon was a French businessman and writer elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1785. This essay was printed, with slight changes, in Le Spectateur américain ou remarques générales sur l'Amérique septentrionale et sur la république des Treize États-Unis (Amsterdam, 1784).
Collection: Recherches philosophiques sur la découverte de l'Amérique, 1783 (Mss.973.1.M31)