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Ainu
Language(s): Ainu | Japanese | English
Date: 1880-1901, n.d.
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Genre: Drafts
Extent: ca. 250 p.
Description: Benjamin Smith Lyman was a geologist and amateur linguist who worked in Japan at the end of the 19th century. During this time he authored and collected several manuscripts and printed materials on (and possibly in) the Ainu language. These items have not been assessed for content, but are in Series VI. Writings and Research Files, Subseries 6. Linguistics and 7. Asian Culture, described with the name "Aino". Additional materials identified as Japanese may also be about Ainu.
Collection: Benjamin Smith Lyman Papers (Mss.B.L982)

Akimel O'odham
Alternate forms: Pima
Language(s): Tohono O'odham | English
Date: 1991
Contributor: Shaul, David
Type:Text
Extent: 1 folder
Description: Jane Rosenthal's only O'odham item is a draft of David Shaul's paper “A Piman Voice” on agriculture, religion and language in colonial New Spain (Series 2 Subseries 3).
Collection: Jane M. Rosenthal Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.129)

Shawnee | Lenape | Potawatomi | Meskwaki | Menominee | Cree | Ojibwe | Blackfoot | Cheyenne | Ktunaxa | Penobscot | Mi'kmaq
Alternate forms: Lenape, Fox, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Micmac
Date: circa 1930s-1960s
Extent: 25 folders, 1 box
Description: There are many materials relating to Algonquian languages in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. This entry is intended as a catch-all for materials labeled as Algonquian or Macro-Algonquian, or having to do with several Algonquian languages in a general way. Researchers should also view the entries for specific Algonquian languages and culture groups. Algonquian materials are located in both Subcollection I and Subcollection II. In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with Leonard Bloomfield (regarding an inscription on a silver bracelet; Bloomfield's "Menomini Grammar"), Charles Hockett (with questions about Voegelin's article on Delaware and examples from other Algonquian languages), and Morris Swadesh (including a brief Stockbridge vocabulary and a slip of Moravian Delaware) in Series I. Correspondence; 1 box of comparative Algonquian vocabulary and grammar in Series II. and several linguistic maps (i.e., "Algonquian language text with illustrations" and "Linguistic classification of the Southern New England Algonquians"), particularly of the Potawatomi, Delaware, and Shawnee, to accompany the texts of Voegelin's work on Algonquian languages, in Series VII. Photographs. In Subcollection II, there is relevant correspondence from Eric Hamp (to Ives Goddard regarding preparation of Arapaho and Algonquian works) and Frank Speck (to Edward Sapir regarding his work on Mi'kmaq and other northern Algonquian languages and societies) in Series I. Correspondence. There is also an entire subseries devoted to Macro-Algonquian: Subseries III. Macro-Algonquian of Series II. Research Notes. This subseries contains a grammatical sketch of Algonquian by Leonard Bloomfield (135 pages of typescript with handwritten edits and 7 interleaved pages of notes by Voegelin); another "Sketch of Algonquian" by Bloomfield consisting of a notebook (approx. 45 pages) and handwritten notes (approx. 80 pages); 5 folders of notebooks focusing on beginning sounds ("Č and K," "L and M," "N and P," " Š and T," and "Θ and ?"), drawing from Pacific Coast Algonquian ("PCA"), Fox [Meskwaki], Plains Cree, Menominee, and Ojibwe; 3 folders of other comparative Algonquian notebooks organized by general nouns, body parts, kinship terms, numerals, and verbs; miscellaneous Algonquian notes; and specimens of Central Algonquian, including short texts in Fox [Meskwaki], Ojibwe, Menominee, and Plains Cree, with English translations. The rest of the material in the Macro-Algonquian folder is organized according to specific languages: Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Fox (Meskwaki), Kutenai [Ktunaxa culture], Ojibwe, Penobscot, and Shawnee. Finally, there is an article titled "Some Observations on Algonquian Phonology" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries I: General works; an incomplete typed draft of Bloomfield's "Sketch of Algonquian" in Series IV. Works by Others; and a "Linguistic map of Southern New England" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries V: American Indian Languages.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Naskapi | Yurok
Language(s): English
Date: 1918-1945 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: A variety of materials relating to Speck's study of diverse Algonquian peoples, cultures, and languages. Includes his "Remnants of the Eastern Indian Tribes," a brief discussion of location of New England Algonquians; his favorable review of John M. Cooper, "Snares, Deadfalls, and other Traps of Northern Algonquians and Northern Athapascans" [Printed, Speck (1939).]; a "Table of Double Curve Motif," charting techniques and variations of motifs of various Northwestern, Iroquoian, and central Algonquian peoples; a manuscript draft and additions of "Terms of relationship and the family territorial band among the Northeastern Algonquins," [Printed, Speck (1918).]; letters from Alanson Skinner challenging Speck's ethnic position of the Southeastern Algonquian on meaning of Eskimo-type artifacts found in Algonquian site in New York (State); materials from Eva L. Butler, including two pamphlets containing transcriptions of historical letters, principally from the Connecticut State Library--"Colonial Letters of our Ancestors" and "Letters of the Indians"--and "Botany and ethnozoology of the New England Indians," a bibliography of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century sources for ethnobotantical and ethnozoological references; letters from Edward Sapir concerning Speck (1918a), particularly Yurok comparisons, his excitement about reduction of language stocks, and possible typographical errors; and letters from Carl F. Voegelen concerning the usefulness of Speck's Naskapi material for comparative study of Algonquian languages and seeking an article on process by which Algonquian languages become extinct.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Alsea
Language(s): Alsea | English
Date: 1997
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Daythal Kendall had a 2-page description of Gene Buckley's research on the Alsea language, including a brief bibliography written by Kendall (Series 5).
Collection: Daythal L. Kendall Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.148)

Apache
Date: undated
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 0.1 linear feet
Description: Mary Haas' short file of Apache languages consists of Swadesh lists, partially from work by Harry Hoijer, and lexical and grammatical comparisons with other languages, all in Series 2 and 9.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)

Apinayé
Alternate forms: Apinajé
Language(s): Apinayé | English | German
Date: 1957-1971
Type:Text
Description: The Apinayé materials in the Lounsbury collection consist of materials in two sections. Series I contains correspondence with Dell Hymes, concerning a manuscript in German on the Apinayé by Curt Nimuendajú, and with Carol Schilling and David Schneider. In Series II, in the "South America" sub-series, there are a few folders beginning "Apinayé" by Lounsbury, mainly on kinship terminology.
Collection: Floyd G. Lounsbury Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.95)

Aymara | Quechua
Language(s): English | Aymara | Spanish
Date: 1950-1972
Description: The Aymara materials in the Lounsbury Papers consist of comparative linguistics and studies of kinship in Series II. Of particular interest are the audio recordings in Series VII on the folklore of the Ayar Incas. The correspondence, in Series I, contains information of the geographic distribution of the language, Lounsbury's analysis of the language and its relationship to Quechua, Christian scriptures in Aymara, Morris Swadesh's work on genetic classification of Native American languages, and geographic distribution of Aymara population.
Collection: Floyd G. Lounsbury Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.95)

Beothuk
Language(s): Beothuk | English
Date: 1967-1974
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: Haas' Beothuk file consists of a sizeable and fairly comprehensive lexicon derived from the few printed sources available, with comparisons to Proto-Algonquian, all in Series 9. Additionally, there is correspondence with John Hewson that includes draft copies of a paper on Beothuk phonology.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)

Biloxi | Ofo | Tunica
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1970-1979 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 3 folders
Description: Materials relating to James Crawford's interest in the Biloxi and Ofo languages. Materials consist of three folders. There is an undated Biloxi-Ofo bibliography in Series IV-D. Research Notes & Notebooks--Other; "Biloxi, Ofo, and Yuchi" [1970], a paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Anthropological Society in Series III-B. Works by Crawford--Yuchi; and a folder of drafts, page proofs, and a tear sheet of James M. Crawford's joint review in "American Anthropologist" of "The Caddoan, Iroquoian, and Siouan Languages" by Wallace L. Chafe, "A Grammar of Biloxi" by Paula Ferris Einaudi, "A Grammar of Pawnee" by Douglas R. Parks, and "Wichita Grammar" by David S. Rood, located in Series III-D. Works by Crawford--Other.
Collection: James M. Crawford Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.66)