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Bannock | Shoshone
Alternate forms: Shoshoni
Language(s): English
Date: 1877
Type:Text
Genre: Diaries
Extent: 1 volume
Description: See the "Bound Volumes" section of this collection for one diary from May to October of 1877, written primarily in western Wyoming. Begins with a description of Peale's journey from Philadelphia to Cheyenne, Wyoming by train, with stops at Chicago, Council Bluffs, Iowa and Omaha Nebraska. It then continues with daily entries recording events at each of the 72 camps made by the expedition, which are also indexed at the back of the volume by date and mileage. Includes reference to many Indian encounters. For example, on Tuesday June 7, 1877, one of the expedition members met a Shosoni woman who reported that there had been a fight between the whites and the Sioux. In addition, the expedition members saw many lodges of the Bannock along the Snake and Salt Rivers as well as other Indian camps along the ledges of Crow Creek, such as those above the ranch near Smith Fork where one of the boys spoke very good English as noted on June 29. Describes a number of encounters with Shoshoni, such as one in July when almost all of the Shosoni men asked for tobacco. On August 8, Peale reports that two teamsters were killed at the local agency by Bannocks. On the 23rd, he notes that in Montana Gibbon had had a fight with the Indians and lost 300 new guns, ammunition, artillery and commissary stores in Montana.
Collection: Albert C. Peale Papers (Mss.SMs.Coll.5)

Cayuga | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1917, 1934-1989
Type:Text
Extent: .5 linear feet
Description: The Cayuga materials in the William Fenton Papers can be found in multiple sections of the finding aid. In Series I, see correspondence with "General, Chief and Mrs. Alex." Additional information may be included in other correspondences. In Series IIb, see especially "A Cayuga League Tradition." Series III includes the manuscripts "Howard Sky, 1900-1971: Cayuga Faith-Keeper, Gentleman, and Interpreter of Iroquois Culture" and "Installing a Cayuga Chief in 1945." Series IV includes Kurath's diary "Report on Cayuga Soursprings Longhouse Midwinter Festival." Series V includes Fenton's notes on "Deskaheh on Cayuga Council." In Series VI, there are photos of "Cayuga nomination strings" In Series VIII-B, see the "Iroquois Social Structure" section and in Series VIII-D see the "Cayuga Social Organization" folder with information on Myron Turkey. Additional Cayuga-related materials may be found in other folders not currently identified as Cayuga.
Collection: William N. Fenton papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.20)

Language(s): English | Spanish
Date: 1590-1976
Type:Text
Extent: 26 reels
Description: This collection includes field notes and reports, diaries of expeditions, texts, grammars, dictionaries of Indian languages, theses and research papers collected by members of the Department of Anthropology of the University of Chicago in connection with the Carnegie Institution of Washington Middle American Research Program as well as various Central American governmental agencies. A microfilm publication of the University of Chicago, 1946-1957. Table of contents. Originals at theUniversity of Chicago.
Collection: Manuscripts on Middle American Cultural Anthropology, 1590-1976 (Mss.Film.297)

Cocopah | Cahuilla
Alternate forms: Cocopa
Language(s): English
Date: 1915
Extent: 1 volume; 28 black and white silver gelatin prints; 1 map
Description: "A record of the trip into northeastern Lower California." Typed manuscript of a diary kept on the Brooklyn Museum Expedition to Lower California, 1915. Mentions Cocopa Indians, which he regards as a branch of the Cahuilla tribe.
Collection: Robert Cushman Murphy journals (Mss.B.M957)

Cowichan
Alternate forms: Coast Salish
Language(s): English | German | Halkomelem
Date: 1886, 1888
Type:Text
Extent: 2 notebooks
Description: The Cowichan materials in the Boas Field Notebooks and Anthropometric Data collection consist of varied linguistic or ethnographic notes, some possibly in German shorthand, located within Field notes 1886 #3 and Field notes 1888 #2.
Collection: Franz Boas early field notebooks and anthropometric data (Mss.B.B61.5)

Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1745
Type:Text
Extent: 46 pages
Description: Missionary David Brainerd spent much of his life working to convert Native peoples, particularly Stockbridge and Delaware (and Susquehanna-area) Indians, to Protestant Christianity until his death of tuberculosis in 1947. This journal from 1745 recounts Brainerd's time in western Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, and his encounters with both Native Americans and other colonists. The vast majority of the journal depicts Brainerd's time in the Upper Susquehanna River Valley. Brainerd's journals and autobiography were published after his death to promote missionary efforts to Native Americans. However, scholars have determined that these published accounts were largely written by Brainerd and Jonathan Edwards in 1747, when the dying Brainerd returned to New England and resided with Edwards during his final illness. They edited Brainerd's journals to make his efforts appear more successful, hoping to spur others to follow in his footsteps. The journal held at the American Philosophical Society is an original journal that was written by Brainerd during his missionary years and differs from the one published after his death by Jonathan Edwards. See the finding aid for more information about these discrepencies.
Collection: David Brainerd diary, July 14, 1745 - November 20, 1745 (Mss.B.B74j)

Ditidaht
Alternate forms: Nitinat
Language(s): Ditidaht | English | German
Date: 1886
Type:Text
Extent: 1 notebook
Description: The Ditidaht materials in the Boas Field Notebooks and Anthropometric Data collection consist of varied linguistic or ethnographic notes, some possibly in German shorthand, located within Field notes 1886 #3.
Collection: Franz Boas early field notebooks and anthropometric data (Mss.B.B61.5)

Inuit
Alternate forms: Eskimo
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1850-1857
Extent: .5 linear feet
Description: Philadelphia-born adventurer Elisha Kent Kane is perhaps best remembered for his involvement in both the First and Second Grinnell Expeditions (1850-1851 and 1853-1855, respectively) in search of lost Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin. The Elisha Kent Kane Papers also deal with Kane's other travels (to China, Africa, Mexico, etc.) as well as his rather scandalous personal life. During his time in the Arctic, Kane observed local Inuit peoples, and as an incessant doodler he created hundreds of images as well as textual records. Kane's observations of Inuits are located primarily in Series IV. Bound Volumes and Series V. Graphics. Series IV includes a notebook, a letterbook (with sketches, including images of Inuits kayaking), a logbook, a notebook of specimens located in the Arctic, a meteorological journal, and a diary from the First Grinnell Expedition, and two volumes of notebooks (with meteorological observations and sketches) from the Second Grinnell Expedition. Series V contains over 200 sketches, watercolors, silhouettes, maps, and engravings of Inuits of Baffin Bay drawn by Kane during both arctic expeditions. Primarily from the first trip, images include portraits of individuals in native attire, landscapes, dwellings, hunting tools, kayaks, and encampments. As noted above, Kane's log and notebooks are also dotted throughout with sketches. Of note in the Graphics series is a watercolor of an Inuit boy netting auks. Kane's published works, "The United States Grinnell expedition in search of Sir John Franklin (1853)" and "Arctic explorations: the second expedition…(1857)," include engravings of all his original drawings. These images are referenced in the sketch file, the finding aid contains a detailed inventory, and some have been digitized and are part of the APS Digital Library. There might also be some Inuit-related material in Series I. Correspondence and Series III. George W. Corner, Notes on Elisha Kent Kane. Corner prepared a biography of Kane, and this series includes copies of letters and documents relating to Kane and his expeditions held in other libraries, as well as some of Corner's notes and drafts of writings on Kane, including a copy of A.F.C. Wallace, "An interdisciplinary approach to mental disorder among the Polar Eskimos of Northwest Greenland."
Collection: Elisha Kent Kane Papers (Mss.B.K132)

Cherokee
Language(s): English | Cherokee
Date: 1880-1932
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: The Frank Speck Cherokee Collection consists of diaries, accounts, and medicinal texts in Cherokee (syllabary) collected by Will West Long and Morgan Calhoun, accompanied by notes by Speck and John Witthoft. These include several diaries kept by Long (mostly 1904-1917), records of the Gadugi (a Cherokee mutual aid group), accounts, records of births and deaths at Big Cove, and material collected on Cherokee botany collected by James Mooney in 1887. Several of the items contain information on Cherokee medicine, including formulae and curing charms. Many of these items have been designated as culturally sensitive and may not be reproduced, nor photographed in the Reading Room.
Collection: Frank Gouldsmith Speck Cherokee Collection (Mss.572.97.Sp3L)

Haida
Language(s): English | German | Haida
Date: 1888
Type:Text
Extent: 2 notebooks
Description: The Haida materials in the Boas Field Notebooks and Anthropometric Data collection consist of varied linguistic or ethnographic notes, some possibly in German shorthand, located within Field notes 1888 #1 and Field notes 1888 #2.
Collection: Franz Boas early field notebooks and anthropometric data (Mss.B.B61.5)