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Arawak | Yine | Machiguenga | Yanesha' | Ese Ejja | Shipibo-Conibo | Cocama | Cashibo
Language(s): English
Date: 1942-1943
Type:Text
Extent: 7 pages
Description: The Arawakan materials, John Alden Mason papers include correspondence regarding the Campa language and other languages and/or tribes in their area (Yine/Piro, Machiguenga, Amuexia, Chama, Shipibo, Conibo, Cocama, and Cashibo).
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Cashibo
Alternate forms: Kashibo
Language(s): English | Cashibo-Cacataibo
Date: 1951 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 3 folders
Description: Three items relating to the Cashibo people and language of Peru have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. They are all in Subcollection I. There is a 1951 letter from Olive A. Shell in Series I. Correspondence; Shell's "Cashibo" in Series IV. Works by Others; and extensive notes and drafts relating to Shell's work on Cashibo (Pano Family) in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-A: Language Notes.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Inca | Quechua
Language(s): Spanish
Date: 1780-1800
Type:Text
Extent: 26 items
Description: Items relating to the uprising of Túpac Amaru II (José Gabriel Condorcanqui) in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru, 1781-1783. Bulk 1780-1783. Topics include the proclamation of Túpac Amaru II entitling himself Inca; the Siege of La Paz; Spanish efforts to relieve La Paz; the capture of Túpac Amaru II and his wife and family; the pardon and pension of Túpac Amaru II [as most sources indicate that he was executed in 1781, it is possible that he is here confused with others who took the name Túpac Amaru]; an affidavit given by former prisoners of Túpac Amaru II; an official copy of the sentence and execution of the indigenous leader Chabe Diego (Janos) Christoval Túpac Amaru and others; and the 1800 opinion of the Fiscal Villaba respecting the lenient and conciliatory measures to be adopted toward indigenous rebels as an alternative to persecution.
Collection: Collection of Peruvian manuscripts, 1790-1800, 1820 (Mss.980.P75)

Quechua
Alternate forms: Inca
Language(s): English
Date: 1819-1859
Type:Text
Extent: 5 items
Description: Items relating to Quechua materials. Items include Peter A. Browne's letter regarding microscopic examination of hair of ancient Peruvians and modern Indians; S. Curson's report concerning Arequipa, Peru, including a climb of Mount Yachi, Quechua concepts of oxygen deficiency, and local Indians' attitude toward revelation of mine locations; Joseph E. Bloomfield's letter to John Vaughan concerning Peruvian vases taken from Temple of the Sun by Pizarro's men, received in Spain and now deposited with the American Philosophical Society for inspection; Samuel G. Morton's letter to Vaughan regarding a collection of antique Peruvian vessels "from ruins near Truxillo" deposited in his care for the APS by Marmaduke Burrough (a memoir by Dr. Burrough to follow); and Peter S. du Ponceau's letter to Johann S. Vater concerning Indian languages, especially those of Peru, requesting Vater's addenda so Du Ponceau can publish a translation of Vater's book, and information received from Don Pedro Perez, half-breed Quechua, regarding the "I am that I am" problem in linguistics, and regarding Basque and South American-Malay comparisons.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Quechua | Cocama | Tohono O'odham | Akimel O'odham | Cocama
Alternate forms: Papago, Pima
Date: 1941-1948
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: Materials relating to Quechua language and culture. Includes John Peabody Harrington's correspondence with John Alden Mason regarding Harrington's work on the Hokan nature of Quechua and on Pima-Papago [Tohono O'odham, and possibly Akimel O'odham]; Harrington's "The nominal derivational suffixes of Quechua" with a list of the suffixes with examples, a brief discussion by Harrington, and Mason's comments; Harrington's "Adjective derivational suffixes of Quechua," a listing of suffixes with brief comments and one slip of Mason's comments; and Harrington and Luis Valcárcel's "Grammarlets of the Quechua and Cocama languages," with grammatical sketch of Quechua and a very brief sketch of Cocama [Cocama-Cocamilla].
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Quechua
Language(s): English
Date: 50 pages, 2 slides
Subject: Peru--History
Extent: 1987-1991
Description: The Quechua materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 1 item. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Reeve.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)

Quechua | Dakota
Language(s): English
Date: 1837-1840
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Correspondence regarding Morton's efforts to rob graves and collect Indigenous ancestors' remains from Peru and elsewhere. Topics include skulls, mummies, and artifacts from Peru; analysis of skull shapes and features; Morton's Crania Americana (1839), particularly Combe's thoughts on his review copy of the manuscript and an anti-phrenological review published by Dr. Forbes; the Phrenological Society and New York Lyceum as sources of skulls to examine.
Collection: Samuel George Morton Papers (Mss.B.M843)

Shipibo-Conibo
Language(s): English | Shipibo-Conibo
Date: 1940-1941
Contributor: Lauriault, Erwin
Type:Text
Extent: 31 pages
Description: Materials relating to Shipibo [Shipibo-Conibo] myths. Includes Erwin Lauriault's correspondence with John Alden Mason; Shipibo myths with interlinear English translation; and grammatical analysis of the myths.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Arawak
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1925-1967
Type:Text
Extent: 12 folders
Description: There are many items relating to South American languages in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. This entry is intended as a catch-all for materials that cover South American languages in general and might not show up in narrower searches. Researchers should also view the entries for specific languages (i.e., Quechua, etc.). In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with John H. Rowe and William L. Wonderly in Series I. Correspondence; a bibliography for sources on Arawakan languages placed unexpectedly at the end of Ojibwa Folder #4 in Series II. "Ethnological Research Opportunities in Colombia," "Living Language Families," and "Peopling of the New World (South America After North America)" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries III-B: Works Authored by Voegelin; George P. Murdock's "Maps for South America" (Arranged by Florence Robinett from "Outline of South American Culture"), M. Catherine Peeke's "Divisive Criteria for Auca World Classes," and William L. Wonderly's "List of Central American Indian Languages" in Series IV. Works by Others; a file on "Amazon Indian Languages" (containing typed classifications of languages of the Amazon, Putomayo, and Caqueta regions of Brazil, with population numbers) and folder on South American and Other Latin American Languages (which includes Central America and Mexico and contains a list of languages and notes on some of them) in file in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-A: Language Notes [see also the associated material in Oversized]; and a map of "South America and other Latin American languages" in Series VII. Photographs.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Tupi | Rama | Quechua | Guarani | Cocama | Kogi | Chibcha | Guna | Aymara | Kawahiva | Ese Ejja | Yanesha' | Inca
Alternate forms: Kuna
Date: 1937-1960 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 23 items
Description: Materials relating to John Alden Mason's interest in and research on indigenous South American languages and cultures. Materials attributed to Mason include a bibliography composed of about 300 cards primarily on South American languages, including many entries not in the Handbook of South American Indians; a notebook of observations on the distribution, relationships, etc., of South American languages; a file with correspondence, bibliography, draft of introduction, etc., relating to his contribution to the Handbook of South American Indians; a 166-page essay on the preconquest history and culture of the Andean region (mostly Peru) through the medium of artifacts preserved in the University Museum (University of Pennsylvania); two copies of Mason's "Andean Civilization," including bibliography, for the Encyclopedia Britannica (1960); two copies of the preface to the Spanish edition of "Ancient Civilizations of Peru," with a memorandum from Alfred Kidder II to Mason regarding recent developments in Central Andean archaeology; an incomplete essay titled "Status and problems of research in the Native Languages of South America," primarily concerned with historical linguistics and genetic relationship; and a file of notes on genetic relationships, subgrouping, etc., from published sources or giving his own impressions: Kamakan, Choroti, Ashluslay Kaduveo, Mataco; Malali, Mashakal, Ge, Vejoz, Coropo, Motilon, Towothl, Kaingang, Subtiaba, Hokan, Coroado, etc.. Unattributed materials (most likely Mason's) include circa 2,000 cards of notes on South American linguistic and ethnology focused on genetic classification of South American languages; circa 4,000 cards of notes regarding South American languages and dialects and their geographical distribution, etc.; and 17 pages of notes concerning a letter (included) from Harry B. Wright to Captain Colon Eloy Alfaro proposing that expeditions be sent to Ecuadorean Oriente for study in linguistics, ethnology, etc. Materials attributed to others than Mason include two essays or drafts by John Peabody Harrington on the affiliation of Witoto [Huitoto, probably Murui Huitoto but possibly Nüpode Huitoto], Miranya [aka Miraña or Miranha, now known as Bora] and Guaranian/Tupi-Guarani [Guarani, represented by Cocama], one with Mason's comments; 27 pages of Kagaba [Kogi] texts with interlinear Spanish translation and lists of animals, plants, body parts, natural phenomena, kinship terms, etc., with Spanish and English glosses; and Eugenio Garro's "Geographical distribution of the Native languages and dialects of Peru," an article submitted for the Handbook of South American Indians (marked "not printed in Handbook"). Correspondence includes Mason's Handbook of South American Indians correspondence, with Zellig S. Harris, Harry Hoijer, Eugene A. Nida, et al., soliciting contributions to the handbook, etc.; letters from Claude Levi-Strauss regarding locations, languages, and dialects of indigenous peoples of Brazil (mentions Parintintin [Kagwahiva], Rama-Rama [Rama], Tupi, Nambikuara [Southern Nambikuára], Tupi-Kawahib [Kawahiva?], Kabixiana [Kabixí], Kep-kiri-uat [?]); correspondence with John Peabody Harrington concerning Harrington's work for Mason on the Handbook of South American Indians; correspondence with Willard Z. Park regarding Park's ethnological work among the Kagaba [Kogi] in Colombia; correspondence with Louis Rankin regarding the Cocama, Cocamilla [the dialects of what is now called Cocama-Cocamilla], Chama [Ese Ejja], Campa [Ajyíninka Apurucayali?], and Amuesha [Yanesha'] languages of Peru; correspondence with David B. Stout regarding Stout's genetic classification of Chibchan, Kuna, and Choco, with one page of Mason's opinions on Stout's classification; correspondence with John Howland Rowe regarding South American languages and cultures, including the Quechua, Aymara, and Millcayac languages, early work of Max Uhle in Peru, Bolivia, etc.. and mentioning Alfred V. Kidder, Alfred L. Kroeber, and others; and a letter from Otis H. Green regarding the origin of the word "jivaro."
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)