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Cherokee | Creek
Language(s): English
Date: 1757-1787
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: Correspondence to Benjamin and William Franklin regarding Cherokee War, Cherokee relations with Creeks, British and U.S. relations with Cherokees and Creeks, Indian activities and Pennsylvania's relations with Indians during the Seven Years' War era, Constitution Convention, and U.S. relations with Indians during early national period.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Cherokee | Mohawk | Haudenosaunee | Creek
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1758-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two letters to Joseph Shippen. One (1758) mentions twelve Cherokees and one Mohawk en route to Philadelphia and then to Colonel Johnson. Cites cost of keeping them. The second (1763) discusses Indian attacks; mentions Cherokees and Creeks. Note on Indian movements near Fort Augusta and a copy of letter of James Irvine to Caleb Carnault, 15 June 1763, discussing strength of Fort Augusta.
Collection: Edward Shippen letters and papers (Mss.B.Sh62)

Cherokee | Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1757-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: Letters to Richard Peters, Governor Denny, and the Commissioners for Indian Affairs mentioning Cherokees. Topics include 150 Cherokees, a few Hambus and Delaware warriors at Ray's Town camp; a report of six Cherokee who saw French army on move; and information received from Job Chillway. Also a long letter from Edmond Atkin to George Croghan giving account of the state of the southern Indian tribes.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Lenape | Shawnee | Haudenosaunee | Mohawk | Mingo
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1756-1787
Type:Text
Extent: 18 items
Description: Correspondence and minutes of conferences relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares, Shawnees, and the Haudenosaunee. Land deeds and purchases, the Treaty of Easton, the Seven Years' War era, the conflict called Pontiac's War and the surrender of the Delawares and Shawnees, the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the Empress of Russia and her plan for a universal dictionary, Teedyuscung and his fitness for leadership are among the topics discussed.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Lenape
Alternate forms: Munsee
Language(s): English
Date: February 3, 1758
Contributor: D., W.
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter to Captain Weatherholt regarding enemy Munsey [Delaware] Indians on information from a friendly Indian.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)

Lenape | Shawnee | Haudenosaunee | Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape, Munsee
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1771
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Letters between members of the Shippen family and other Philadelphia notables like William Logan and Robert Hunter Morris regarding Indian affairs largely during the Seven Years' War era. Joseph Shippen, Jr.'s 1758 orderly book discusses the taking of Fort Duquesne, along with Indian affairs. Individuals mentioned include Teedyuscung, John Shekalemy, Captain Jacob, Shingas, Castologa, the Half-King, Zaccheus (a Wighaloosin Indian), Captain Culbertson, George Croghan, Delaware chief Wenawalike or Simon, Killbuck, and Newcomen. Ohio Indians and villages, Wyoming, Treaty of Easton, Virginia Indians, Shawnees, Susquehannocks, Munsees, and the Six Nations are also mentioned.
Collection: Edward Shippen letters and papers (Mss.B.Sh62)

Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Miami | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1740-1760
Type:Text
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Six Nations and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Six Nations, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Lenape | Miami | Haudenosaunee | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Various items relating to Delaware-Pennsylvania relations in the 1750s including the first and second treaties at Easton; five council meetings held at Philadelphia; journal of Christian Frederick Post in his journey from Philadelphia to the Ohio; Charles Thompson's "An enquiry into the causes of the alienation of the Delaware and Shawanese"; and a letter from Sir William Johnson to James Abercrombie regarding his peace with the Delawares. Individuals mentioned include Teedyuscung, Conrad Weiser, Robert Hunter Morris, Governor Denny, Benjamin Franklin, Governor Morris, Richard Peters, Iagrea, Captain Newcastle, Barbet ("a Mohock"), John Pumpshire ("Jersey Indian"), Scarroyady, Andrew Montour, Daniel Claus, George Croghan, and Indian messengers Nathanial, Zacharias, and Christian.
Collection: Manuscripts on Indian affairs (Mss.970.4.M415)

Language(s): English
Date: September 24, 1753
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter to Joseph and Edward Shippen. Concerning the coming Indian treaty negotiations at Fort Carlisle. Mentions Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin, Conrad Weiser, Isaac Norris.
Collection: Edward Shippen letters and papers (Mss.B.Sh62)

Language(s): English | French
Date: 1755-1788
Type:Text
Extent: 9 items
Description: Letters between various correspondents regarding Indian affairs. Topics include French intrigues during Seven Years' War era; sale of liquor to Indians and consequent disorders; relations with western Indians and action needed by Congress of Confederation in early national period; ancient fortifications discovered at the junction of Muskingum and Ohio, as well as in Kentucky; South Carolina governor's bad management of Indian affairs; discovery of root which cures gout; land sales and grants; Indians' title to lands, implications of papal decrees and Quebec Act.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)