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Cahuilla
Language(s): English | Cahuilla
Date: 1959
Type:Text
Extent: 1 folder
Description: One item relating to the Cahuilla language has been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. It is located in Subcollection II, Series I. Correspondence, and consists of a letter from Hansjakob Seiler containing information about Cahuilla linguistics. Researchers might also be interested ni viewing the entries for the Uto-Aztecan language family and other specific Uto-Aztecan languages.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Nahua | Zapotec | Zoque
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1925-1967
Type:Text
Extent: 7 folders
Description: There are many items relating to Mexican languages in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. This entry is intended as a catch-all for materials that cover Mexican (and to some extent, Central American) languages in general. Researchers should also view the entries for specific languages (i.e., Nahuatl, Zoque, etc.) and for South America, under which Voegelin often filed Mexican and Central American materials. In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with Glen Turner and William L. Wonderly in Series I. Correspondence; William L. Wonderly's "List of Central American Indian Languages" and Larry Lyman's "The Verb Syntagmemes of Choapan Zapotec" in Series IV. Works by Others"; and a folder on South American and Other Latin American Languages (which includes Central America and Mexico) in file in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-A: Language Notes. In Subcollection II, there is relevant correspondence with Kenneth Croft (regarding American Indian language work in Mexico and Croft's progress with Nahuatl) and Morris Swadesh (his collection of Uto-Aztecan language materials, including many from Mexico) in Series I. Correspondence.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Pima Bajo | Yaqui | Tepehuán | Navajo
Alternate forms: Hiaki, Yoeme
Date: 1953-1965
Extent: 12 items
Description: Materials relating to Pima Bajo language and culture. Most items are attributed to David M. Brugge, though some include notes or comments by John Alden Mason. Materials include 10 pages of Lower Pima [Pima Bajo] notes, part of Brugge's contribution to an article co-authored with Mason; 85 pages of notes, drafts, letters, etc. relating to the same article, including bibliographic items and a linguistic map of northwestern Mexico; a file of correspondence, draft reports on, and expenses for a 1953 Nevome [aka Lower Pima, Pima Bajo] or Lower Pima Expedition, a research trip to Sonora, Mexico (correspondents include Dale S. King, James McConnell, Edward H. Spicer, Fernando Pesqueira, David Lopez Molina, Robert J. Weitlaner, John E. Heimnick, and Robert J. Drake); 13 pages of Nevome [Pima Bajo] Vocabularies, with notes from three informants at Santa Ana rancheria near Onavas, Sonora; 2 pages of Nevome [Pima Bajo] grammatical notes, primarily a listing of locative particles and adverbs, from an unspecified source; circa 1,000 cards of Pima Bajo linguistics notes (alphabetically arranged), most with English translation and some keyed to informant, along with three letters between Brugge and Mason discussing the language and Brugge's work; 25 pages of notes on Yaqui and Northern Tepehuan recordings to be sent to Indiana University, including the contents of Southern Tepehuan recordings (in hand of John Alden Mason), two Pima Bajo texts, Spanish translations for four texts, and a phonetic key for Pima Bajo; and Brugge's "History of the Pima Bajo of the mountains" (1960) a ten-page essay discussing information from historical and archaeological sources regarding the Pima in the villages of Yecora and Maicoba, Sonora, and Yepachic and Moris, Chihuahua. Three items, all written from Gallup, New Mexico, are described as "Brugge-Annon trip to Sonora-Log, itinerary, list of photos, journal. Letter to John Alden Mason." Dated February 1956, #4670 gives identification for two photographs showing pottery and baskets and for two showing terrain near Rancho Los Tepalcates; #4671 (March 1956) gives information about baskets shown in four photos (two photos lacking); and #4672 (June 1958) concerns mistreatment of Maicoba Pimas by whites, i.e., the taking of land, cattle, church offerings, etc. A Brugge-Annon trip is also mentioned in #4668, Brugge's correspondence with Mason 1955-1960, which totals 175 pages and concerns Brugge's work on Pima Bajo and Navajo; problems arising from mistreatment of Maicoba Pimas by whites; log, itinerary, list of photographs, and journal of Brugge-Annon trip to Sonora; correspondence with the Wenner-Grenn Foundation and Paul Fejos; and an essay on distribution, religion, fiestas, social structure, economy, houses and furnishings, handicrafts, etc., of the Pima Bajo.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Quechua | Cocama | Tohono O'odham | Akimel O'odham | Cocama
Alternate forms: Papago, Pima
Date: 1941-1948
Type:Text
Extent: 4 items
Description: Materials relating to Quechua language and culture. Includes John Peabody Harrington's correspondence with John Alden Mason regarding Harrington's work on the Hokan nature of Quechua and on Pima-Papago [Tohono O'odham, and possibly Akimel O'odham]; Harrington's "The nominal derivational suffixes of Quechua" with a list of the suffixes with examples, a brief discussion by Harrington, and Mason's comments; Harrington's "Adjective derivational suffixes of Quechua," a listing of suffixes with brief comments and one slip of Mason's comments; and Harrington and Luis Valcárcel's "Grammarlets of the Quechua and Cocama languages," with grammatical sketch of Quechua and a very brief sketch of Cocama [Cocama-Cocamilla].
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Shoshone
Alternate forms: Shoshoni
Language(s): English | Shoshoni
Date: 1950-1954 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 3 folders
Description: Three items relating to Shoshone language and culture have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. They are all in Subcollection II, and consist of correspondence with Morris Swadesh (regarding Shoshoni, "Shoshonean" languages, and Uto-Aztecan in general) in Series I. Correspondence; a folder containing a "Shoshone dialect and informant distribution map" in Series II. Research Notes, Subseries IX. Uto-Aztecan, except Hopi; and Wick R. Miller's "Western Shoshoni Speech Communities" in Series IV. Works by Others. Researchers might also be interested in the general Uto-Aztecan entry for the Voegelin Papers.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Southern Paiute | Paiute
Date: 1959-1962 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 18 folders
Description: Several items relating to the Southern Paiute language have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. In Subcollection I, there is a typed invitation in Paiute and English from Vivian Jake and Florence Voegelin inviting friends to dinner after "the Navaho Show" in Series I. Correspondence; five "Paiute, Southern" folders dating to 1959-1961 and containing field notes made with Vivian Jake (along with references to associated tapes/reels throughout, and genealogical information in #4) in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-A: Language Notes; and four unbound Southern Paiute texts in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-B: Texts. In Subcollection II, there is a letter to Vernon E. Jake, Chairman of the Kaibab Paiute Tribal Council, regarding a proposed language speaker census (with particular interest in discerning how well children really know the language) in Series I. Correspondence; and a Southern Paiute folder in Series II. Research Notes, Subseries IX. Uto-Aztecan, except Hopi. Finally, Southern Paiute is also one of the languages Voegelin considered in a grammatical analysis of Uto-Aztecan languages. Drafts of seven chapters of this work can be found in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries III: Uto-Aztecan book.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

O'dam | Tepecano | Tohono O'odham | Akimel O'odham
Alternate forms: Papago, Pima, Tepehuan
Date: 1916-1967
Type:Text
Extent: 21 items
Description: Materials relating to John Alden Mason's interest in and research on Tepehuan language and culture. Northern Tepehuan is most prominently represented in this collection, though references to "Southern Tepehuan" indicate the presence of data on what are now distinguished as the Southeastern Tepehuan and Southwestern Tepehuan languages. Items focused on Northern Tepehuan include Mason's report from the Northern Tepehuan Linguistic Expedition, Baborigame, Chihuahua, Mexico (1951); his Northern Tepehuan linguistics file, containing circa 350 cards with words, phrases, and sentences with Spanish glosses and occasionally some Tepecano and Papago [Tohono O'odham] cognates; two 1936 notebooks on Northern Tepehuan linguistics with vocabulary and texts with Spanish glosses based on work with consultant Pedro Valencia; two 1951 notebooks on Northern Tepehuan linguistics with grammatical notes and texts from wire recordings; 20 pages of Northern Tepehuan texts with interlinear Spanish translation; 20 pages of texts relating to myths, official speeches, settling marital difficulties, etc. with interlinear Spanish 14 pages on Northern Tepehuan morphology concerned primarily with suffixes, taken from the files of Burton W. Bascom; 5 pages of Northern Tepehuan miscellaneous notes including verb conjugation labeled "Bascom" and a map; and two copies of "The Sacred Case" in Northern Tepehuan with English translation, attributed to Juan Dolores. There is one item focused on Southern Tepehuan, comprised of seven notebooks of Southern Tepehuan field notes containing grammatical notes, texts, and some transcriptions and translations of recordings at the American Philosophical Society (see also #3738). More general or comparative materials include Mason's "The Primitive Religions of Mexico" (1916), a paper read at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (Tepecano prayers to accompany the paper lacking); Mason's "Notes on the Linguistic and Cultural Affiliations of the Tepehuan and Tepecano," written for the Mexican Historical Congress, Zacatecas (1948); Mason's "Tepehuan of Northern Mexico" (1958), regarding observations on the culture which were made incidental to linguistic fieldwork (includes original and two copies with maps); lists of perdones Tepehuanes and notes on same; comparative lists from Southern and Northern dialects of Tepehuan, with English glosses and comments, by Burton W. Bascom and based on his work in 1943-1944 under the auspices of the Summer Institute of Linguistics; 14 pages of kinship terms in Southern Tepehuan, Northern Tepehuan, and Tepecano with English glosses; and a notebook containing a digest of Rinaldini's Tepehuane taken from the book in the Ayer Collection, Newberry Library. Correspondence includes letters from Burton W. Bascom regarding Northern Tepehuan with some mention of Tepecano, Pima [Akimel O'odham], Papago [Tohono O'odham], and Southern Tepehuan, and including a short paper by Bascom on the Northern Tepehuan possessive -ga, a Northern Tepehuan verb list for comparison with Mason's Tepecano list, and a discussion of noun plural formation with examples; Brete R. Hart regarding receipt of material on Utaztecan, work on alphabet for Southern Tepehuan, and a brief description of Fiesta for the Dead observed at Xoconoxtle, Durango, Mexico; Phil C. Weigland regarding acculturation, history, and relations with whites in San Sebastian and Azqueltan; and a report and correspondence from John Hobgood concerning events transpiring during a visit by John Hobgood and Carroll L. Riley to Santa Maria Ocotlan: their presentation of letters, request for permission to study the Tepehuan language and customs of the village, and interactions with the villagers. Hobgood mentions Agnes McClain Howard as well as Carroll L. Riley.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)

Tohono O'odham | Hopi | Tarahumara
Alternate forms: Papago
Language(s): English | Tohono O'odham | Hopi
Date: circa 1949-1968
Type:Text
Extent: 13 folders
Description: There are several items relating to the Tohono O'odham (formerly Papago) language in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. Items are located in both Subcollection I and Subcollection II. In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with Kenneth L. Hale (regarding passivity, clowning, and comparisons to Hopi and Walbiri) in Series I. Correspondence; and a "Papago and Hopi" file in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries III-B: Works Authored by Voegelin. In Subcollection II, there is relevant correspondence with Kenneth Hale (regarding compounding, some comparison of Voegelin's Hopi research with Hale's Papago work) and Alfred Kroeber (Papago linguistic work with Juan Dolores) in Series I. Correspondence and a Papago (Tohono O'odham) file in Series II. Research Notes, Subseries IX. Uto-Aztecan, except Hopi. Tohono O'odham ("Papago") is also one of the languages Voegelin considered in a grammatical analysis of Uto-Aztecan languages. Drafts of seven chapters of this work can be found in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries III: Uto-Aztecan book. There are also two items in Series IV. Works by Others, consisting of Kenneth L. Hale's "Papago (Tohono O'odham) and Tarahumara" and David Brambila's review of Hale.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)

Aztec | Huichol | Nahua | Tarahumara | Tepecano | Tepehuán | Tohono O'odham | Yaqui | Mayo | Akimel O'odham | Ute | Paiute | Hupa | Maya | Cora
Alternate forms: Cahita, Papago, Pima, Hiaki, Yoeme, Na:tini-xwe
Date: 1914-1962
Type:Text
Extent: 21 items
Description: Materials relating to John Alden Mason's interest and research in Uto-Aztecan languages and cultures. Items include notes and letters on Uto-Aztecan historical Mason's "Some initial phones and combinations in Utaztecan stems," an abstract and full text of a paper delivered at the Philadelphia meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1951); unattributed corresondence discussing that 1951 paper; Mason's correspondence with Edward Sapir regarding Mason's work on the Tepehuan, Papago [Tohono O'odham], Sonoran and Yaqui languages, Sapir's work on Paiute and Hupa, and mentioning Boas, Rivet, Speck, Spier, and Whorf; earlier correspondence with Sapir relaying Tepehuan, Tepecano, Papago [Tohono O'odham], and Nahua examples, data from Mason for Sapir's use in Uto-Aztecan comparative work, Sapir's comments on Mason's data and analysis, and Sapir's views on Uto-Aztecan historical Mason's corresondence with Ruth Benedict regarding work on Papago [Tohono O'odham], Pima, and Yaqui languages, an honorarium for Franz Boas, and Ruth Underhill's Papago Rites and ceremonies; correspondence with George Herzog regarding Tepehuan music and language, Pima-Papago language, and mentioning Franz Boas, Gene Weltfish, Edward Sapir, Ruth Underhill, Frank G. Speck, and others; correspondence with David H. Kelley regarding comparison of Polynesian and Uto-Aztecan languages (Kelly's dissertation); part of Kelley's Harvard University doctoral dissertation regarding the borrowing of Uto-Aztecan words into Polynesian; Benjamin Lee Whorf on Uto-Aztecan languages, including a table of relationships and a photo reproduction of Whorf's Azteco-Tanoan tree; correspondence with Whorf regarding Whorf's grant application to the Social Sciences Research Council to work on modern Nahuatl, and also touching on Uto-Aztecan phonology, Maya glyphs, Nahuatl, Papago [Tohono O'odham], Tepecano, Tepehuan, Yaqui, and subgrouping; and correspondence with Morris Swadesh regarding establishing an official Aztec alphabet, Swadesh's glotto-chronological work in Uto-Aztecan, disagreement between Mason and Swadesh over the number of stop series in Papago [Tohono O'odham], Swadesh's retraction (to be published in Word) of his criticisms of Mason's Papago [Tohono O'odham] grammar, and copies of letters from Swadesh to [Dean] Saxton and Andre Martinet. Undated linguistic materials include notes, Vocabularies, vocabularies, comparisons with notes about correspondences, comparative vocabularies, notes on numerical systems, cognates with English glosses, cognates with Spanish glosses, lexicostatistical compilations, etc. Languages represented (and not merely mentioned) include Huichol, El Nayar Cora, Nahuatl, Opata, Tarahumara, Tepecano, Tepehuan, Tohono O'odham, Tubar, Yaqui, and Mayo; it is unclear, however, which specific Tarahumara and Tepehuan languages are represented.
Collection: John Alden Mason Papers (Mss.B.M384)