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Abenaki | Innu | Penobscot | Maliseet | Haudenosaunee | Wabanaki | Atikamekw
Alternate forms: Abnaki, Tete de Boule
Date: 1914-1930
Extent: 1 linear foot
Description: The Abenaki materials in the Hallowell Papers are mostly located in Series V, Research Files, in folders labled "Abenaki" and Series VI, Photographs, Subseries E "St. Francis Abenaki Album." These include linguistic, ethnographic, ethnobotanical, ceremonial knowledge, information on political organization, and historical materials. Of particular interest are a sketch of Abenaki history from 1600-1930 accompanied by detailed notes from secondary sources on 17th century Abenaki history. The linguistic materials include an analysis of how the language changed after contact with Catholic missionaries, Abenaki vocabulary related to body parts, Abenaki phonetics, and religious, medical, and kinship terminology. The ethnobotanical materials include a manuscript labled "Identity of animals and plants," and information concerning herbal medicine and its practitioners. There is a wealth of ethnographic materials that include drawings of pipes, descriptions of games, baketry and birch bark maks. There is descriptions of Abenaki music and diagrams of dances, as well as detailed descriptions of hunting techniques. Some of the genealogical materials contains lists of community members names and descriptions of marriage. Interspered throughout the folders labled "Abenaki" in the Research Files are interlinear translations of stories such as "Man who could Find Lost Objects," "Woman and Bear Lover" and numerous other stories. The materials on hunting include topics such as the use of snow shoes, preparation of moose hide,and techniques and drawings of trapping. The collections contain important information designation hunting territories and family names. Four folders contain detailed informaiton on kinship terms. Two folders on Measurements and Genealogical data contain lists of names. The folders labled "Linguistics" in Series V contain scattered information about Abenaki grammar. In Series VI, of 160 photographs taken at St. Francis, Odanak in the Centre-du-Québec region. The Abenaki people in the photographs are identified, in most cases, and also include depictions of traditional dress, buildings, clothing, baskets, and a wide variety of material culture. The correspondence, in Series I, includes letters from Theophile Panadis; Gordon Day describing his collection of stories, recordings, vocabularies, and hunting territories. Henry Lorne Masta, one of Hallowell's Abenaki consultants, writes about culture and language. Additional correspondents may contain other Abenaki-related information.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)

Abenaki | Haudenosaunee | Wabanaki
Alternate forms: Abnaki
Date: 1884; 1959-1976; 1929
Type:Text
Extent: 1,300 pages; 1 microfilm reel
Description: The Abenaki materials in the Siebert Papers are located primarily in Series III and V. Ther are descriptions of wars with the Iroquois from the 17th century, linguistic materials, and stories. Series V includes 5 research notebooks containing historical notes and some linguistics materials.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Innu | Naskapi | Atikamekw | Wabanaki | Delaware | Algonquin | Mashpee | Passamaquoddy | Wampanoag | Mi'kmaq | Penobscot | Maliseet | Muscogee | Menominee
Alternate forms: Menomini, Têtes-de-Boules, Têtes de Boules, Tete de Boule
Language(s): English | Abenaki, Eastern
Date: 1920-1940
Description: The materials from Algonquian speaking cultures is quite extensive, though scattered, in the A. Irving Hallowell Papers. One of the strengths is Hallowell's very fine black and white portraits of indigenous peoples located in Series VI, Subseries F, which includes images of Mashpee, Mohegan, Montagnais, Naskapi, Womponowag, Nipissing, Atikamekw, Series V contains some generalized materials such "Algoquian Cross Cousin Marriage," Speck's studies of northern Algoquian hunting territories, and Algonquin mythology and history. The folders entitled "Eastern Woodlands" in box 26 contain more culturally specific materials such as a Penobscot vocabulary list, Innu and Naswkapi material culture, and Delaware religions and ceremonies, although many of these are quite brief. The correspondence, in Series I, includes a letter from John Swanton discussing bear ceremonialism in Muscogee culture. George Herzog's correspondence includes Penobscot and Maliseet scores of war dance songs. There is also a letter from Jeffrey Zelitch, dated 1969, describing traditional ceremonies on the Lakota Rosebud reservation just before the American Indian Movement begins. George Spindler's lettter to describes a Medicine Lodge ceremony among the Menomini.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)

Algonquian | Mohawk | Wiyot | Yurok | Delaware | Cree | Ojibwe | Onondaga | Crow | Omaha | Zuni | Yucatec | Quechua | Pawnee
Language(s): English | French | Algonquian
Date: 1948-1977
Type:Text
Description: The Algonquin materials in the Lounsbury Papers include information about indigenous place names, Delaware kinship terminology in Series II. Series III includes work on comparative linguistics, phonology, dialects. The correspondence in Series I contains letters on kinship systems from a diverse array of tribes.
Collection: Floyd G. Lounsbury Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.95)

Naskapi | Yurok
Language(s): English
Date: 1918-1945 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: A variety of materials relating to Speck's study of diverse Algonquian peoples, cultures, and languages. Includes his "Remnants of the Eastern Indian Tribes," a brief discussion of location of New England Algonquians; his favorable review of John M. Cooper, "Snares, Deadfalls, and other Traps of Northern Algonquians and Northern Athapascans" [Printed, Speck (1939).]; a "Table of Double Curve Motif," charting techniques and variations of motifs of various Northwestern, Iroquoian, and central Algonquian peoples; a manuscript draft and additions of "Terms of relationship and the family territorial band among the Northeastern Algonquins," [Printed, Speck (1918).]; letters from Alanson Skinner challenging Speck's ethnic position of the Southeastern Algonquian on meaning of Eskimo-type artifacts found in Algonquian site in New York (State); materials from Eva L. Butler, including two pamphlets containing transcriptions of historical letters, principally from the Connecticut State Library--"Colonial Letters of our Ancestors" and "Letters of the Indians"--and "Botany and ethnozoology of the New England Indians," a bibliography of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century sources for ethnobotantical and ethnozoological references; letters from Edward Sapir concerning Speck (1918a), particularly Yurok comparisons, his excitement about reduction of language stocks, and possible typographical errors; and letters from Carl F. Voegelen concerning the usefulness of Speck's Naskapi material for comparative study of Algonquian languages and seeking an article on process by which Algonquian languages become extinct.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)

Language(s): English
Date: 1950-1953
Type:Text
Extent: 3 items
Description: The Deering Collection of Indian Captivities is comprised of a bibliography, together with ethnographic and historical summaries and extracts, of the collection of Indian captivities of the late Frank Cutter Deering of Saco, Maine, in the keeping of Joseph G. Deering of Biddeford, Maine, prepared under grants from the Wenner-Gren Foundation and the American Philosophical Society. Pages 1-1037 describe the books of Deering; works in the libraries of Harvard, Yale, Laval, the National Museum of Canada, the Collection de Luc Lacourciere, Quebec, and McGill University. Transcriptions and extracts from manuscripts by Frank C. Deering, captivities of Mary Storer (compiled by Jacques Rousseau, 1942), 1703, with letters; Nathaniel Segar, manuscript in the Seminaire de Quebec, Toronto Public Library; and of Edmund S. Carpenter. Summaries, too, of standard printed series, such as Thwaites, etc. Relates to northeastern, plains, western, and Canadian Indians in particular. Omitted are those 40 works found in the Greenwood collection. An important set of summaries because of the inaccessibility of the collection. Reference to both the Walsh and the Ayer lists. [N.B., duplicate numbering, 1351-1362, of different material.] This collection also includes a brief catalogue prepared by Michael J. Walsh of Goodspeed's, Boston, at death of Frank C. Deering, which includes texts omitted in the longer bibliography, as well as a corrected corrected version of Walsh's catalogue by Charles Marius Barbeau, 1950.
Collection: Indian narratives and captivities (Mss.016.9701.D365b)

Alsea
Language(s): Alsea | English
Date: 1997
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Daythal Kendall had a 2-page description of Gene Buckley's research on the Alsea language, including a brief bibliography written by Kendall (Series 5).
Collection: Daythal L. Kendall Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.148)

Delaware
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: Undated
Type:Text
Extent: 24 pages
Description: This bibliography is a guide to writings about a chronicle of the Lenape Indians, first studied by Constantine S. Rafinesque, and subsequently by Ephraim G. Squier and Daniel G. Brinton. It is divided into four sections: Rafinesque, with four sources on the man; Walam Olum, listing all known Anthropological Studies; and References, to the Walam Olum. [Note that the Walam Olum has since been discredited as a fraud perpetuated by Rafinesque. See, for instance, David M. Oestreicher, "Unmasking the Walam Olum: A 19th-Century Hoax," Archaeological Society of New Jersey, Bulletin, no. 49 (1994, 1-44); and Oestreicher, "Unraveling the Walam Olum," Natural History, October 1996, 14-21.] From original loaned by Paul A. W. Wallace, 1952.
Collection: Bibliography, of the Walam Olum (Mss.Film.585)

Biloxi | Ofo | Tunica
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1970-1979 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 3 folders
Description: Materials relating to James Crawford's interest in the Biloxi and Ofo languages. Materials consist of three folders. There is an undated Biloxi-Ofo bibliography in Series IV-D. Research Notes & Notebooks--Other; "Biloxi, Ofo, and Yuchi" [1970], a paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Anthropological Society in Series III-B. Works by Crawford--Yuchi; and a folder of drafts, page proofs, and a tear sheet of James M. Crawford's joint review in "American Anthropologist" of "The Caddoan, Iroquoian, and Siouan Languages" by Wallace L. Chafe, "A Grammar of Biloxi" by Paula Ferris Einaudi, "A Grammar of Pawnee" by Douglas R. Parks, and "Wichita Grammar" by David S. Rood, located in Series III-D. Works by Crawford--Other.
Collection: James M. Crawford Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.66)

Algonquian
Language(s): English
Type:Text
Description: Part of unprinted manuscript of Barbeau's calendar of captivities, based on his lists of Greenwood and Deering collections, but intended to be complete. Part I (missing, but see Deering and Greenwood manuscript lists in American Philosophical Society and Ayer catalogue). Register of documents with summary of contents. Part II, Unpublished captivities, bibliographies, and an index. Result of grants of Wenner-Gren Foundation and American Philosophical Society. Materials in 3 folders. Unpublished materials, largely northwest coast narratives of inter-Indian captures, taken by William Beynon.
Collection: Calendar of Indian captivities and allied documents, (Mss.016.9701.B235)