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Lenape | Shawnee | Haudenosaunee | Mohawk | Mingo
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1756-1787
Type:Text
Extent: 18 items
Description: Correspondence and minutes of conferences relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares, Shawnees, and the Haudenosaunee. Land deeds and purchases, the Treaty of Easton, the Seven Years' War era, the conflict called Pontiac's War and the surrender of the Delawares and Shawnees, the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the Empress of Russia and her plan for a universal dictionary, Teedyuscung and his fitness for leadership are among the topics discussed.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Lenape | Shawnee | Haudenosaunee | Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape, Munsee
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1771
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Letters between members of the Shippen family and other Philadelphia notables like William Logan and Robert Hunter Morris regarding Indian affairs largely during the Seven Years' War era. Joseph Shippen, Jr.'s 1758 orderly book discusses the taking of Fort Duquesne, along with Indian affairs. Individuals mentioned include Teedyuscung, John Shekalemy, Captain Jacob, Shingas, Castologa, the Half-King, Zaccheus (a Wighaloosin Indian), Captain Culbertson, George Croghan, Delaware chief Wenawalike or Simon, Killbuck, and Newcomen. Ohio Indians and villages, Wyoming, Treaty of Easton, Virginia Indians, Shawnees, Susquehannocks, Munsees, and the Six Nations are also mentioned.
Collection: Edward Shippen letters and papers (Mss.B.Sh62)

Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Miami | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1740-1760
Type:Text
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Six Nations and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Six Nations, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Anishinaabe | Haudenosaunee | Oneida | Mohawk | Seneca | Shawnee | Miami | Odawa
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Language(s): English
Date: 1749-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various items relating to Haudenosaunee-Pennsylvania relations, largely in the 1750s. Topics include need for colonial governments to renew the covenant chain; death of Tanaghrisson (Seneca, also called the Half King) suspected to be witchcraft; the diplomatic work of Scarroyady (Oneida, also called Monacatootha and the Half King), especially as a go-between between the Six Nations and Pennsylvania; the Albany Plan of Union; a conference with Caughnawagas [Kahnawakes] and negotiations for the redemption of an Indian held prisoner by the Caughnawagas; drunken conduct of Andrew Montour; Conrad Weiser's dealings with the family of Shickellamy (Oneida); John Lidieus's purchase of Susquehanna lands from the Six Nations for Connecticut; George Croghan's meeting at Logstown with Six Nations and Shawnees; a document prepared for Governor Hamilton listing events, letters, resolutions, and behavior of Miamis and other Indians toward Six Nations, Ohio lands, etc.; 1754 appointment of John Penn, Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin as Commissioners of Pennsylvania to a list of Six Nations Indians present at the 1758 Treaty of Easton; and Christian Frederick Post on Indian character.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Shawnee
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 17 items
Description: Correspondence and other material relating to Pennsylvania Indian affairs during the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War) era. Topics include various actions, rumors, and events during the course of the war; capture of an Indian spy; Indian attacks and reports of Indian attacks; a reward given for killing three Indians; the process of coming to peace; requests for trade goods; illegal liquor sales to Indians, especially land claims and disputes; horse theft; expenses of cutting a road; Indian battle at Murray Hill; Individuals (other than contributors) mentioned include John Sacalamus, Colonel Henry Bouquet, Sushocapee.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)

Shawnee
Language(s): English
Date: 1708-1754
Type:Text
Extent: 8 items
Description: Six letters regarding a mine Indians have discovered and are working; Shawnees "performing business" for Colonel Evans; Shawnees allegedly guilty of murdering colonists and Logan's efforts to treat with Newcheconner about it; Newcheconner's instistence on Shawnee innocence in the matter; a pass for Shikellamy to come to Philadelphia. A 1754 deposition by George Croghan and two other traders complaining that they were robbed and detained by pro-French Shawnees led by Peter Chartier at Shawneetown on the Allegany, and that their (enslaved?) African American servant was set free. A 1737 report by George Miranda titled "A true account of all the men in the three towns in Allegania of the Shawnese nation, " containing names and total population figures for French Town, Peter Chartier Town, Kiscomonetta's Town.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)