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Culture: Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Cayuga | Miami | Shawnee | Nanticoke | Mohawk | Seneca | Susquehannock | Piscataway
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape, Iroquois, Conoy
Contributor: Delaware chiefs | Logan, James, 1674-1751 | Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760 | Peters, Richard, 1704-1776 | Penn, John, 1700-1746
Subject: Land transfers | Land claims | Diplomacy | Treaties | Ohio--History | New Jersey--History | Pennsylvania--History
Extent: 27 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials relating to Indian affairs. Topics include land claims; treaties and diplomatic conferences; Indian complaints of dispossession and mistreatment; "Minguay" expense of Indian diplomacy; illness and death of Allumapis; Conrad Weiser's activities in the service of the colony; Delawares and other Indians in Ohio; hanging of Indian in New Jersey; efforts to make Six Nations "overlords" of Pennsylvania's nearer Native neighbors; the Walking Purchase; Shawnees making trouble; fears of Indians going over to the French. Individuals mentioned include Allumapis, Christopher Pyrlaeus, Conrad Weiser, Shickellamy, Teedyuscung, Christopher Stump, Hugh Jones, Mannakahickan, Broken Thigh, Captain Newcastle, James Logan, Governor Ogle; Nutimus.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Contributor: Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 | Younglove, Moses | Croghan, George, 1720?-1782 | Wheelock, John, 1754-1817 | Wharton, Thomas, 1730-1782
Extent: 9 items
Description: Various materials, including Franklin's account of a conference at Carlisle, his "Draught of the plan of Union Proposed at Albany," and his (incomplete) "The Savages of North America." Other items include letters regarding Indian affairs, particularly Sir William Johnson's efforts among the Six Nations, the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, uneasiness of many Indians at British and American encroachment, and predisposition of many frontierspeople to kill Indians; a 1777 deposition by Moses Younglove describing ill-treatment of American prisoners and cannibalism by Indians with British consent following battle of Orisknie; and John Wheelock's "Historical account of the rise and progress of Moor's Charity School and the Institution at Dartmouth." Indivduals mentioned include Conrad Weiser, George Croghan, Andrew Montour, Half-king, and Sir William Johnson. Native groups mentioned include the Six Nations, Onondagas, Oneidas, Mohawks, Senecas, and Shawnees.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Odawa
Contributor: Hamilton, James, 1710-1783 | Montour, Andrew | Stobo, Robert, 1726-1770 | Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760 | Claus, Daniel, 1727-1787 | Croghan, George, 1720?-1782 | Morris, Robert Hunter, approximately 1700-1764 | Great Britain. Board of Trade | Sharpe, Horatio, 1718-1790 | Post, Christian Frederick, 1710?-1785 | Shirley, William, 1694-1771
Subject: Pennsylvania--History | New York (State)--History | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 | Diplomacy | Treaties | Warfare | Indian captivities | Land transfers | Land claims | Ohio--History
Extent: 19 items
Description: Various items relating to Haudenosaunee-Pennsylvania relations, largely in the 1750s. Topics include need for colonial governments to renew the covenant chain; death of Tanaghrisson (Seneca, also called the Half King) suspected to be witchcraft; the diplomatic work of Scarroyady (Oneida, also called Monacatootha and the Half King), especially as a go-between between the Six Nations and Pennsylvania; the Albany Plan of Union; a conference with Caughnawagas [Kahnawakes] and negotiations for the redemption of an Indian held prisoner by the Caughnawagas; drunken conduct of Andrew Montour; Conrad Weiser's dealings with the family of Shickellamy (Oneida); John Lidieus's purchase of Susquehanna lands from the Six Nations for Connecticut; George Croghan's meeting at Logstown with Six Nations and Shawnees; a document prepared for Governor Hamilton listing events, letters, resolutions, and behavior of Miamis and other Indians toward Six Nations, Ohio lands, etc.; 1754 appointment of John Penn, Richard Peters, Benjamin Franklin as Commissioners of Pennsylvania to a list of Six Nations Indians present at the 1758 Treaty of Easton; and Christian Frederick Post on Indian character.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)
Alternate forms: Iroquois: Lenape
Contributor: Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829 | Knox, Henry, 1750-1806 | Parish, Jasper, 1767-1836 | Kirkland, Samuel, 1741-1808 | Sergeant, John, 1747-1824
Subject: Government relations | Politics and government | New York (State)--History | United States--History--1783-1815 | Wars--1790-1794 | Treaties | Diplomacy
Extent: 4 reels
Description: These papers include letters, reports, minutes, memoranda, and addresses to Indian chiefs, selected from the Pickering papers from the Massachusetts Historical Society and from the Essex Institute. Includes letters and documents pertaining to Pickering, Henry Knox, John Sergeant, Jasper Parrish and Samuel Kirkland; relates to New York and Western Indian affairs, principally Iroquois, but also Nanticoke, Shawano [Shawnee], Delaware, Wyandot, Miami, Seneca. Originals at the Massachusetts Historical Society (3 reels) and Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts (1 reel). See also Fenton (1953).
Collection: Papers, 1790-1796, on Indian affairs (Mss.Film.638 & 645)
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Contributor: Society of Friends
Subject: Missions | Education | Religion | Government relations | Pennsylvania--History | New York (State)--History
Extent: 12 reels
Description: Selections made by Dr. George Snyderman for the American Philosophical Society from the Society of Friends' Record Room in Philadelphia. Includes 12 reels of letters, diaries, reports of missionaries and individual Quakers, etc., committee reports and correspondence from Indians to Quakers, 1791-1908 and undated; minutes of the Committee...for Promoting the Improvement and Gradual Civilization of the Indian Natives (Indian Committee), 1795-1895 and beyond; minutes of the Friendly Association for Regaining and Preserving Peace with the Indians by Pacific Measures, 1756-1791; and miscellaneous papers of teachers, pupils, visitors to Tunessassa Indian School, Quaker Bridge, New York, mostly twentieth century.
Collection: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends. Indian Committee. Records, 1791-1892 (Mss.Film.824)
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Contributor: Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895 | Wright, Laura M. (Laura Maria), 1809-1886 | Wright, Asher, 1803-1875 | Porter, Charles T. (Charles Talbot), 1826-1910 | Shanks, Isaac | Parker, Nicholson H. | Allen, Orlando, 1803-1874 | Wilcox, Henry P. | Stryker, James, 1792-1864 | Potter, Herman B. | Angel, W. P. | Brown, William Linn | Crawford, T. Hartly | Fellows, Joseph, 1782-1873 | Howe, Chester | Jimerson, Samuel | Moseley, William A. | Parker, Caroline, -1892 | Schermerhorn, J. F. (John Freeman), 1786-1851 | Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 | Two Guns | Harris, Thompson S. | Avery, C. P. (Charles Pumpelly), 1817-1872 | Cadwallader, Sylvanus, 1825 or 1826- | Flagler, Henry Morrison, 1830-1913 | Hosmer, William H. C. (William Howe Cuyler), 1814-1877 | Lapham, Elbridge Gerry, 1814-1890 | Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881 | Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 | Parker, Levi | Parker, Spencer Cone | Parker, William H. | Parker, Elizabeth | Pierce, Daniel W. | Pringle, Benjamin, 1807-1887 | Warren, N. S. | Warren, R. B. | Wilson, Peter | Martindale, J. H. (John Henry), 1815-1881 | Bronson, Greene C. (Greene Carrier), 1789-1863 | Bryan, William G. | Follett, Frederick, 1804-1891 | Bouck, William C., 1786-1859 | Conrad, Charles Magill, 1804-1878 | Cunningham, H. S. | Dole, William P., approximately 1818-1889 | Fisk, John | Harlin, D. M. | Hinton, Charles Lewis, 1793-1861 | Johnson, Marcus H. | Paine, N. E. | Verplanck, Isaac A. | Manypenny, George Washington, 1809-1893 | Mix, Charles E. | Moore, F. H. | Moses, William | Palfrey, John Gorham, 1796-1881 | Parker, Samuel, 1779-1866 | Shankland, Robert H. | Washburn, C. T. | Jemison, Chauncy C. | Parker, Newton | Parsons, Sylvester | Salisbury, James Henry, 1823-1905 | M. Stagers and Co. | Van Horn, Burt, 1823-1896 | Two Guns, Henry | Edwards, Howard, 1833-1925? | John, Andrew | Blacksmith, John | Johnson, James | Marshall, O. H. (Orsamus Holmes), 1813-1884 | Doctor, Isaac | Wright, Silas, 1795-1847 | Thompson, Jacob, 1810-1885 | Dole, Benjamin
Subject: Diplomacy | Education | Linguistics | Smallpox | Land claims | Missions | United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 | Education | Government relations | Land tenure | Religion | Politics and government | United States--History--War of 1812 | Economic conditions | Military service
Genre: Correspondence | Speeches | Essays | Notes | Memoranda | Petitions | Minutes | Censuses | Rosters | Statements | Nullifications | Resolutions | Vocabularies | Notebooks | Poems | Diaries | Journals | Reports | Photographs | Transcripts | Bills
Extent: 367 items
Description: A Sachem and Civil War adjutant to Ulysses Grant, Ely Samuel Parker was an important figure in the Seneca Indian nation during the first half of the nineteenth century. Trained as an engineer, Parker was deeply involved in the Senecas' land disputes with the Ogden Land Company and he played an important role in interpreting Seneca culture for a white audience, most notably as a consultant for Lewis Henry Morgan. Collected by Arthur C. Parker, the Ely Samuel Parker Papers include correspondence, manuscripts, and printed materials relating primarily to Seneca affairs, history, language, and culture, as well as politics, education, engineering, and the Civil War. Several letters relate to Parker's service as engineer of public buildings in Galena, Illinois, and to his Masonic activities. Among the noteworthy items in the collection are several essays on Seneca history and culture, a fragment of Parker's diary, 1847, and a significant quantity of material on the Seneca language assembled by Asher Wright. Rich in information on Seneca history, culture, and language and on Parker's varied activities in both the Indian and white worlds, the collection is a major resource for examining the land and political struggles of the Seneca nation during the 1840s and early 1850s. Comprised of a mix of personal and professional correspondence augmented by a smaller quantity of printed materials, notes, and manuscripts, the collection is richest for the period 1845-1860, with only a few letters pertaining to Parker's Civil War service, and even fewer for the post-war period.
Collection: Ely Samuel Parker Papers (Mss.497.3.P223)