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Culture: Algonquin | Anishinaabe | Naskapi | Cree | Nipissing | Ojibwe | Rama | Chibcha | Maya | Haudenosaunee | Ktunaxa
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Iroquois, Kutenai
Date: 1912-1941 and undated
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Bailey, Alfred Goldsworthy | Weitzner, Bella
Subject: Linguistics | Anthropology | Zoology | Divination | Population | Ethnography | Folklore | Basketry | Birch bark | Hunting | Archaeology | Ontario--History
Genre: Correspondence | Notes | Field notes | Abstracts | Sketches | Notebooks | Photographs | Stories
Extent: 7 items
Description: Materials relating to both Algonquin and related Algonquian peoples, cultures, and languages. Includes Speck's notes on artifacts found near Lake Abitibi and in the Nipissing district; his Seven Islands field notes, including texts with interlinear translations, house data, names of animals, and a letter in French from Marie Louise Ambroise; abstracts of Speck's published works on the Rama-Chibcha of Nicaragua, River Desert Algonquins, Southern Ontario Indians, Maya, and others; sketches and comments on shoulder blade divination (scapulimancy), including notes on deer drives (including an undated note from A. Irving Hallowell) and the distribution of artifacts among Algonquin, Naskapi, and Mistassini peoples; two field notebooks containing (1) linguistic notes and informant and population data for Waswanipi, Abitibi, Temiskaming [Timiskaming], Nipissing, Algonquian and (2) Temiskaming ethnography, Wisiledjak (Wiskyjack) [Wisakedjak, a manitou] text (in English), Temagami ethnology and texts (in English), and one Iroquois legend; general information on birch-bark containers, including 37 photographs and 40 pages of notes relating to Algonquin, Cree, Ojibwe and Ktunaxa specimens, and a letter from Bella Weitzner; and a letter from A. G. Bailey sending Speck a copy of his book on Algonquians.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa
Contributor: Matthews, Maureen Anne, 1949-
Subject: Drums | Manitoba--History | Material culture | Religion | Medicine | Folklore | Rites and ceremonies | Anthropology | Ethnography
Extent: 1 volume
Description: Transcript of show "Ideas," copyright by the Canadian Broadcast Corp. Describes the drum ceremony created by Fairwind for the Ojibwa and A. Irving Hallowell's work on Fairwind's drum.
Collection: Fairwind's drum (Mss.970.3.M43f)
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Subject: Folklore | Health | Minnesota--History | Psychology | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Extent: 27 audiocassettes (21 hr., 27 min.)
Description: This collection consists of audio recordings of Larry Aitken (Bezhigoogahbow), a distinguished Ojibwe elder, teacher, and traditional knowledge keeper of Leech Lake, Minnesota. The recordings include numerous public speeches, classroom lectures and discussions, and interviews on Anishinaabe spiritual teachings, health, psychology, cultural strength, history, and language. A number of recordings were made with Aitken's teacher, Jim Jackson, a medicine man and traditional knowledge keeper with whom Aitken worked for 17 years.
Collection: Larry Aitken audio recordings (Mss.Rec.288)
Culture: Anishinaabe | Ho-Chunk | Kiowa | Menominee | Meskwaki | Miami | Narragansett | Ojibwe | Odawa | Potawatomi | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Fox, Menomini, Odawa, Ojibwa, Sauk, Winnebago
Contributor: Bosin, John | Burrows, Edwin | Bush, Frank | Bush, John | Deyo, Rodney | Fulton, Ann | Fulton, Bruce | Fulton, Douglas | Lacasse, Fred | McCarus, Ernest | Neyome, Jack | Pamp, Betty | Root, Alex | Shaffer, Jim Eagle | Shigonie, Bill | Thomas, Eli
Subject: Folklore | Michigan--History | Personal names | Religion | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Extent: 9 sound tape reels (9 hr., 55 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: The first section (Series I) of this recording collection consists of 13 episodes of the radio program "Red Man in Michigan," broadcast on WUOM radio in Ann Arbor, Michigan. These programs use extensive clips from field recordings made by Gertrude Prokosch Kurath, and cover a wide range of historical and contemporary topics directed to a general non-Native audience. Series II consists of tapes including Ottawa language hymns from a series of programs titled "Comparisons of Chippewa Revival Hymns, Michigan and Ontario, 1953-1962"; interviews on the organization of United Church, on the organization of Camp Meetings, on missionary experiences, especially at Perry Island and Moose Point, Ontario; recordings of powwows at Ann Arbor, Lansing, and Hastings, including some Kiowa performances by John Bosin; an interview with Jim Eagle Shaffer; and an interview with Anna Fulton, Douglas Fulton, and Bruce Fulton on socio-economic conditions and racial discrimination against Native people in Michigan. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Observations on Michigan Indians (Mss.Rec.63)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Saulteaux
Contributor: Hallowell, A. Irving (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974 | Berens, William, 1866-1947 | Berens, Gordon | Bigmouth, Adam | Watrous, B. | Keeper, John | Keeper, Alec | Felix, Arthur | Bear, James | Swain, Alec | Wigwaswatik | Levique | Everett, William | Potci | Dunsford | Kagikeasik | Pudrin, Mrs. | Boucher, Mary | Miller, Jane | Cret, Willie | Maman
Subject: Architecture | Drums | Ethnography | Clothing and dress | Hunting | Psychology | Animals | Personal names | Linguistics | Kinship | Material culture | Folklore | Medicine | Religion | Medicine | Basketry | Genealogy | Economics | Linguistics | Sexuality | Diseases | Blood quantum | Rites and ceremonies | Tools | Tattoing | Maps | Cosmology
Genre: Biographies | Drawings | Field notes | Notebooks | Bibliographies | Notes | Diaries | Correspondence | Vocabularies | Charts | Interviews | Photographs | Pictographs | Rorschach tests | Sketches | Stories | Vocabularies | Autobiographies | Maps
Description: The Ojibwe materials in the A. Irving Hallowell Papers are extensive. Hallowell focused on three regions of Ojibwe territory: Berens River in north, central Canada (Pikangikum, Pauingassi, Poplar River; Little Grand Rapids First Nations) and Lac du Flambeau in Wisconsin. Hallowell was particularly interested in psychological anthropology. Both the Berens River and Lac du Flambeau materials in Series V, for example, includes ethnographic information on taboos, incest regulations, Rorschach tests, dreams, and acculturation. Hallowell's interests in traditional knowledge are represented by descriptions of the practice of the Midewiwin religion; traditional stories about Wisakedjak and Tcakabec/Chakabesh, Memegwesiug, Windigos, and Thunderbirds. Of particular interest in the Lac du Flambeau materials are hundred of pages of family biographies in Series V and photographs with the names of community members in Series VI, Subseries B. Of particular interest in the Berens River materials are maps of traditional hunting grounds, a diagram of Ojibwe cosmology, an autobiography by Hallowell's collaborator Chief William Berens, 29 folders of "Saulteaux Indians--Myths and Tales" all in Series V. There are hundreds of photographs from the region, with many community members identified, and all digitized, in Series VI, Subseries A. The correspondence, in Series I, includes Robert Ritzenhaler's description of a shaking tent ceremony by Ojibwe in Wisconsin; a detailed account of Joseph Fiddler's trial for murdering a windigo in the folder labled Royal Canadian Mounted Police; papers sent by Morton Teicher detailing incidents of windigo in Canada (50+ pages); a letter from Frances Densmore describing a shaking tent ceremony; and several letters from Chief William Berens providing information about Ojibwe people in the photographs in Series VI.
Collection: Alfred Irving Hallowell Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.26)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa
Date: circa 1925-1967, bulk circa 1940-1941
Contributor: Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986 | Seaman, John Nelson, 1915- | Williams, Angeline | Medler, Andrew | Nakanikan, Dan | Silas, Mrs. John B.
Subject: Linguistics | Anthropology | Ethnography | Folklore | Algonquian languages | Michigan--History
Extent: 32 folders
Description: Several items relating to the Ojibwe (Ojibwa, Chippewa) language have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. They are located in both Subcollection I and Subcollection II. In Subcollection I, they include relevant correspondence with John N. Seaman (regarding Chippewa fieldwork in Michigan and consultants Mr. Maidler [Medler?] and Charlie David) and a partial letter with Ojibwe text in the Unidentified folder; 6 boxes of Ojibwe notecards, 1 box of Seneca, Ojibwe and Penobscot notecards, and 2 folders of Ojibwe notes (mostly vocabulary and linguistic, but one slip notes addresses of consultants Nicholas Plain of Sarnia and Elijah Pinnance of Walpole Island--there is also, unexpectedly, a bibliography for sources on Arawakan languages at the end of Ojibwa #4) in Series II. comparative vocabularies of Ojibwe and Potawatomi ("Pottowatomi") in Series V. Research Notes Subseries V-A: Language Notes; unbound Eastern Ojibwe texts ("The Walpole Island" and others) in Series V. Research Notes, Subseries V-B: Text; and 24 folders of Ojibwe notebooks in Series VI. Notebooks. Contents of the Blackfoot and Ojibwe notebooks in this series were described in detail by Richard A. Rhodes in 1988. Blackfoot and Ojibwe notebooks are arranged in the order of Rhodes' list, a photocopy of which is filed in the first Blackfoot folder. In general the Ojibwe notebooks are full of vocabulary words and phrases on all kinds of topics, notes on various parts of speech, notes on dialects, texts both with and without English translations, etc. Several consultants are named, of which Angeline Williams is the most prominent [see Odawa entry for more on Angeline Williams]. At least some of these materials appear to be associated with the Linguistic Institute and might be the work of students. Materials in Subcollection II include correspondence with Leonard Bloomfield (letters written in Ojibwe, with some interlinear English translation) and John N. Seaman (regarding field work with Chippewa speakers in Oscoda, Michigan, including Dan Naganigan and his wife and Mrs. Silas) in Series I. Correspondence. Series II. Research Notes, Subseries III. Macro-Algonquian contains 19 folders of Ojibwe materials collected from Leonard Bloomfield, Angeline Williams, Andrew Medler, Dan Nakanikan and Mrs. John B. Silas, including dozens of texts and stories and Bloomfield's Vocabularies and notes on topics such as prefixes and suffixes and sentence structure [see finding aid for titles of texts and stories]. There are also Ojibwe examples in at least 6 folders ("Č and K," "L and M," "N and P," " Š and T," "Θ and ?" and "Specimens of Central Algonquian") of the many Comparative Algonquian notebooks in the same subseries (i.e., Macro-Algonquian). Finally, there is "Correspondence in Ojibwa: Charles F. Voegelin and Leonard Bloomfield" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries I: General works; and "Ojibwe grammar" by Leonard Bloomfield and "The Chippewa Noun System" by John N. Seaman in Series IV. Works by Others.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa, Iroquois
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Holden, James E. | Laulin, Gladys | Solenberger, R. R. (Robert R.) | Thayer, B. W. | Burgesse, J. Allan | Woodman, Henry | Downes, P. G. (Prentice Gilbert), 1909- | Hallowell, A. Irving (Alfred Irving), 1892-1974 | Learmouth, D. H.
Subject: Anthropology | Ethnography | Linguistics | Hunting | Religion | Folklore | Social life and customs | Art | Material culture | Specimens | Ontario--History | Québec (Province)--History
Extent: 14 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Ojibwe language, history, and culture. Includes 15 pages of Tamagami [Temagami First Nation] myths and five texts in English; 21 pages of Matagama Ojibwe [Mattagami First Nation] notes, including a 2-page phonetic key, a letter from Speck to Samuel (i.e., James) Miller of Gogama requesting ethnographic and map data, 2 maps (one of Mattagami hunting territories), typed reading notes, and a sketch of a play for Mattagama Otcipwe [sic]; a Christmas circular letter telling the story of a Chippewa [Ojibwe] boy returning home for Dance; a copy of Speck's favorable review of Sister Bernard Coleman, "Decorative designs of the Ojibwa of northern Minnesota" [Printed, Speck (1949).]; and a brief popular account on Ojibwe hunting territories by Speck, refuting Roosevelt (1889-1896), who had denied that Indians have a sense of property, along with two pages of notes. Also includes several folders of correspondence, including correspondence with A. I. Hallowell in which Hallowell describes a field trip to the Berens River Saulteaux, Sweet Grass Cree (mentions attitude of Cree to Leonard Bloomfield), and Cold Lake Chipewyan, festivals, etc., and a letter from Speck to Hallowell with pencilled responses of Hallowell to questions asked; letters from D. H. Learmouth, a factor for Hudson's Bay Company at Waswanippi, recounting his experiences in adjudicating Matagama land inheritance and providing ethnographic data sought by Speck from Samuel (i.e., James) Miller of Gogama and data on hunting territories; letters from James E. Holden concerning unsuccessful attempts to purchase baskets at Nipigon; letters from J. Allan Burgesse regarding the Matagama Ojibwe and enclosing a drawing of a "flesher"and a list of hunting territories and biographical information on owners; a letter from Robert Solenberger concerning Tonawanda [Seneca] and Chippewa [Ojibwe] women who make baskets and giving their addresses; a letter from B. W. Thayer concerning Ojibwe beadwork found during a Minnesota field trip; a letter from Henry Woodman discussing the decline of crafts among Bear Island Indians (Temagami); a letter from Prentice Gilbert Downes about the circumboreal region, disucssing his visit to Naskapi near Davis Inlet, to Cree, and to Chippewas, along with 2 pages of notes (Speck?) in French-English, discussing changes in Indian culture; and a letter from Speck to Chief Mitchele Buckshot in Maniwaki, Quebec requesting buckskin and beadwork.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa
Contributor: Crawford, James M. (James Mack), 1925-1989
Extent: 1 folder
Description: Materials relating to James M. Crawford's interest in and study of the Ojibwe (sometimes Ojibwa) language. These materials are located in an undated folder in Series IV-D. Research Notes & Notebooks--Other, and consist of about 50 sheets of handwritten notes and outlines. Topics include sounds, morphology, and categories of inflection, but the majority of sheets comprise one set (numbered 1-44) that break a story down in Ojibwe on the left with English translation on the right. The story involves a young man who, fasting for a vision, dreamt of a mirror. Later in life, the mirror came to his aid by rendering him invisible when an enemy war party attacked him, allowing him to defeat the enemy warriors nearly single-handedly.
Collection: James M. Crawford Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.66)
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Saulteaux
Date: 1955-2011 (bulk 1992-2011)
Contributor: Belanger, Virginia | Berens, Alex | Berens, Edmond | Berens, Gordon | Berens, John | Berens, Percy | Bignell, Darren | Bignell, Quintin | Bittern, Alan | Bittern, Atoine | Brown, Jennifer S. H., 1940- | Butikofer, Gary | Constant, Peter | Courchene, Viola | Crow, Joseph | Crowe, Joyce | Demery, Virginia | Everett, Kenneth | Everett, Oliver | Flett, Moses | Flett, Stanley | Francis, Eva | Green, Ida | Green, Walter | Keeno, Jacob | Keeper, Mary Anne | Laughlin, Joel | Levesque, Elizabeth | Levesque, Galani | Levesque, Rita | Matthews, Maureen Anne, 1949- | Neufeld, Henry | Owen, Annette | Owen, Charlie George | Owen, David | Owen, Elaine | Owen, Elizabeth | Owen, Jacob | Owen, James | Owen, Kenneth | Owen, Louis | Owen, Moses | Owen, Nelson | Owen, St. John | Owen, Yellowbird | Owen, Walter | Pascal, Boushey | Pascal, Elizabeth | Pettipas, Cathy | Prince, Thomas, Jr. | Rattlesnake, Harriet | Raven, William | Richthammer, John | Ross, George | Roulette, Roger | Simmons, Kyle | Simmons, Margaret | Stevenson, Laurence | Strang, George D. | Strang, James | Strang, Mangoose | Strang, Sugashki | Swain, Rebecca | Swan, Margaret | Thompson, Mark | Thomas, William | Traverse, Miles | Williams, Alice | Young, Louis
Subject: Drums | Folklore | Hunting | Manitoba--History | Material culture | Museums | Ontario--History | Religion | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Genre: Conversations | Interviews | Photographs | Radio programs | Stories | Transcriptions | Translations
Extent: 350+ hours; 2500+ photographs; 100+ documents
Description: Audio recordings, photographs, and born-digital manuscripts documenting Ojibwe communities and individuals primarily in Manitoba and Ontario, with a smaller number from Minnesota and Wisconsin. Subject matter includes the photographs and ethnography of A. Irving Hallowell in these communities in the 1930s, thunderbirds, memegwesiwag, Ojibwe language, religion, ceremonies, and other traditions. The main communities concerned are Berens River, Pauingassi, Little Grand Rapids, Pikangikum, Poplar Hill, and Jackhead. The majority of the audio materials are interviews recorded in the context of producing radio documentaries for CBC Radio One from the early 1990s through late 2000s. (See Series I, Subseries 12 for the broadcast version of these documentaries.) Transcripts for both the finished documentaries and some of the interviews are located in Series II. Photographs taken during Matthews' visits to indigenous communities, museums, and other locations can be found in Series III.
Collection: Maureen Matthews Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.164)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa
Date: November 16, 1830; February 25, 1836; June 29, 1847; August 12, 1898; May 10, 1912; 1956
Contributor: Kurath, Gertrude Prokosch | Sapir, Edward, 1884-1939 | Maness, Edwin | Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 | Kidder, Homer H. (Homer Huntington), 1874-1950 | Copway, George, 1818-1869 (Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh)
Extent: 6 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Nineteenth-century correspondence from Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh (George Copway) regarding Chippewa education efforts; Schoolcraft's work on "Indian tales," a vocabulary of the Algic requested by James Barbour, and biographical sketches of chiefs; Kidder obtained tales from Charley Bawgam and Jack LaPique on murder of trader, Aitken, 1837, and on mermaid tradition among Ojibwe. Under May 10, 1912, there is a 2-page "A Story of Turtle and His Brother'' in Ojibwe and English, told by Edwin Maness of Sarnia Reserve, Ontraio, and recorded by Edward Sapir. Also 1956 transcription of the Ojibwe songs from Lac du Flambeau by Willie Catfish, cataloged in Mss.Rec.75.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)