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Culture: Assiniboine | Blackfoot | Coeur d'Alene | Wenatchi | Syilx | A'aninin | Kalispel | Salish | Séliš-Ql̓ispé | Ktunaxa | Nez Perce | Yakama
Alternate forms: Assiniboin, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Kutenai, Kootenai, Flathead, Pend d'Oreille
Language(s): Assiniboine | Blackfoot | Columbia-Wenatchi | Coeur d'Alene | Okanagan | Crow | Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille | Kutenai | Nez Perce | Yakama
Date: 1976 and undated
Extent: 21 reels
Description: These language texts, produced in the late-nineteenth and twentieth centuries, include dictionaries, grammars, vocabularies, and religious materials (primarily Christian) of the Assiniboine, Blackfoot (including the Piegan dialect), Chelan (an Interior Salish group speaking Columbia-Wenatchi), Coeur d'Alene, Wenatchi (Columbian), Colville (Okanagan), Crow, Kalispel (including Gros Ventre), Kutenai (Ktunaxa), Nez Perce, and Yakama (Yakima) languages. From originals on deposit by the Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus at the Pacific Northwest Indian Center, Spokane, Washington. Guide book included.
Collection: Indian language collection: the Pacific Northwest tribal languages (Mss.Film.1365)
Culture: Anishinaabe | Cayuse | Klallam | Cree | Dakelh | Haida | Heiltsuk | Kalapuya | Klickitat | Ktunaxa | Nez Perce | Nisga'a | Nuxalk | Ojibwe | Secwépemc | Squamish | Syilx | Tlingit | Walla Walla
Alternate forms: Bella Bella, Bella Coola, Carrier, Haíɫzaqv, Kootenai, Kootenay, Kutenai, Nehiyaw, Okanagan, Okanagon, Saulteaux, Shuswap, Skwxwú7mesh, Clallam, S'Klallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm, Niska, Nishga, Nisgha
Language(s): Cayuse | Klallam | Cree, Plains | Dakelh (ᑕᗸᒡ) | Haida | Heiltsuk-Oowekyala | Kalapuya | Kutenai | Nez Perce | Nisga'a | Nuxalk | Ojibwa, Western | Okanagan | Secwepemc | Squamish | Tlingit | Walla Walla
Contributor: Black, Samuel | Dorion, Babtiste | Gardiner, Meredith | McKenzie, Benjamin | Ogden, Peter | Townsend, John Kirk, 1809-1851
Subject: Linguistics | Alaska--History | Washington (State)--History | Idaho--History | Oregon--History | British Columbia--History | Ontario--History | Saskatchewan--History
Extent: 2 volumes
Description: This collection contains two manuscript volumes collected by the naturalist John Kirk Townsend, obtained by dictation from native speakers, people of mixed ancestry, and traders of the Hudson's Bay Company. The first volume contains a collection of multiple comparative vocabulary lists of languages of modern-day Washington, Idaho, Oregon, British Columbia, and Alaska, obtained by dictation from native speakers, people of mixed ancestry, and traders of the Hudson's Bay Company. Languages included are: "Okanagan" (N̓səl̓xcin), "Attnaha" or "Shoushwap" (Secwepemctsin), "Walla Walla (Sahaptin), "Squalyamish" (Squamish / Sḵwx̱wú7mesh ?), "Nooselalum" (Klallam / nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm), "Haeeltzuk" (Heiltsuk), "Billichoola" (Nuxalk), "Nass" (Nisga'a), "Haidah" (Haida), "Tongaase" (Tlingit, possibly inland variety), Nez Perce, Chinook [Jargon], "Carrier or Takelhé" (Dakelh), "Kayouse" (Cayuse), and "Kootenai" (Ktunaxa). The second volume is a collection of vocabulary lists of 19 Indigenous languages, primarily of the Pacific Northwest, re-copied from earlier notes in an orderly fashion with an index and additional introductory information on the area where each language is spoken and the source of the vocabulary. 15 of the vocabularies are re-copied out from the first volume in this collection. This volume includes the languages listed for that volume, plus Cree (possibly Plains Cree), "Kalapooyah" (Kalapuya), Klikatat (Sahaptin or Yakama), and "Seauteux" (Western Ojibwa/Ojibwe).
Collection: John Kirk Townsend Indian vocabularies collection (Mss.497.3.T66)
Alternate forms: Kootenai, Kootenay, Kutenai
Date: 1891, 1894, 1913-1927, 1947
Contributor: Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 | Canestrelli, Phillippo | Chamberlain, Alexander Francis, 1865-1914 | Garvin, Paul L. | Post, John | Reichard, Gladys Amanda, 1893-1955 | Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922
Subject: Anthropometry | British Columbia--History | Clothing and dress | Folklore | Idaho--History | Linguistics | Montana--History
Extent: 19 notebooks, 66 bluebooks, 1052 loose pages, approx. 5600 word slips
Description: The Ktunaxa materials in the ACLS collection are concentrated primarily in the "Kutenai" section of the finding aid, which contains a full listing of all contents. The earliest materials in this section linguistic manuscripts by Jesuit missionaries such as Phillippo Canestrelli and John Post, as well as extensive linguistic and anthropological field notes by Alexander Chamberlain, all from the 1890s. Subsequently, James Teit's "Traditions and information regarding the Tonaxa" from 1913 includes ethnographic and historical information, recorded in part at Tobacco Plains. The most voluminous amount of material overall is that of Franz Boas, recorded in the 1910s, which includes numerous field notebooks, lexical files, and related notes. Finally, see also Paul Garvin's field notes from 1947, recorded at Phrases taken from Lower Kutenai at Bonner's Ferry, Idaho; Cranbrook, B.C.; Creston, B.C.; and Elmo, Montana.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)