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Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Nanticoke | Delaware | Onondaga
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English | German
Date: 1741-1822
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: Materials from the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. These papers include letters, reports, and journals relating to Indians, Moravian missions, and communities at Salem (N.C.), Bethlehem (Pa.), and Gnadenhütten, Muskingum, and Fairfield in Upper Canada. Also included are personal correspondence and an autobiography. Contains 86 letters, journals, reports, etc., pertaining to the travels and missionary activities of Heckewelder, mostly in German. Also includes 7 journals, memoranda, and miscellaneous materials of David Zeisberger, pertaining to his years with Indians. Many of the former materials were utilized and published by Paul A. W. Wallace (1958); the latter includes Zeisberger's Memoranda on Indians; Journey to the Six Nations, Nanticokes and Shawanees in April, 1752, to July, 1752; Conrad Weiser, Observations made on the pamphlet entitled "An enquiry ... [1759]"; Birth records for the 1780s at Friedenshutten and Gnadenhütten; Catalogue of Indians baptized by the United Brethren, 1765-1814 (721 names); and a memorandum of Zeisberger on the Onondaga.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters and manuscripts (Mss.Film.514)

Haudenosaunee | Cayuga | Onondaga
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1714-1791, bulk 1778-1791
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: These papers include correspondence and reports of proceedings concerning Indian affairs. Miscellaneous materials, mostly 1778-1791, of Timothy Pickering, Henry Knox, William Hardenburgh, John Taylor and others. Includes 94 pages, account of a meeting of New York Governor Clinton with Onondaga and Cayuga deputies at Fort Stanwix, New York in June of 1790, and 47 pages of miscellaneous material. From originals at the New York Historical Society.
Collection: John McKesson papers, 1714-1791, pertaining to Indian affairs (Mss.Film.641)

Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1778
Type:Text
Genre: Journals
Extent: 422 pages
Description: A firsthand narrative of the early years of the American Revolution written by Thomas Sullivan, an Irish-born sergeant serving with the British 49th Regiment of Foot. Sullivan describes the events from his arrival in North America just prior to the Battle of Bunker Hill through his participation in the Long Island, Philadelphia, and New Jersey Campaigns. Sullivan's journal is written in a meticulous hand and may originally have been intended for publication. It does not appear to have seen print, however, until extracts appeared in the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography in 1910. In 1997, the complete journal, edited by Joseph Lee Boyle, was published by Heritage Books. Among the engagements described are Bunker Hill, Long Island, White Plains, Brandywine, Germantown, and Red Bank, but he reports as well on events that he did not personally witness, drawing liberally upon published sources to fill out his narrative. The "diary" ends abruptly with the entry for July 28, 1778. In terms of Native American content, Sullivan describes Indians acting as scouts and Indian military aid in the battle of Germantown and with Burgoyne near Ticonderoga, 1777.
Collection: Journal of the operations of the American War (Mss.973.3.Su5)

Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1723-1796 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 3 reels
Description: Selected materials on Indian affairs from the Public Archives of Canada, the Public Records Office, London, and Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, relating to the Haudenosaunee, aka the Six Nations Iroquois. From the Daniel Claus Papers, 1761-1796, are letters and papers on Indian affairs at Forts Pitt, Niagara, and Detroit, with letters of Dr. Alexander McKee, Arthur St. Clair, Joseph Chew, Richard Butler, Joseph Brant, and John Graves Simcoe. From the papers of Brigadier Robert Monckton, 1760-1761, are appointments, returns, reports, bills and receipts, and letters relating to Forts Pitt, Bedford, and Niagara, with letters of James Burd, Horatio Gates, Henry Bouquet, Lewis Ourry, Sir John St. Clair, Thomas Hutchins, John Stanwix, and Lord Amherst. There are also excerpts from the minutes of the Commissioners of Indian Affairs at Albany, 1723-1746; transcripts from the Public Record Office on Indians, trade, defense, 1698-1767, including names of persons naturalized in British America, 1740-61, and accounts of Lt. Col. Harry Gordon, 1756-1761, 1764-1767; Duquesne-Centrecoeur correspondence, 1752-1753, Fonds Verreau, from the Université Laval, Quebec; and, miscellaneous documents. Some of the materials pertain to the Six Nations during the Revolutionary War era. All materials concern eighteenth-century Indian affairs, especially the Six Nations, and to a lesser extent Algonquian Indians. Donated by historian Barbara Graymont in 1965.
Collection: Selected materials on Indian affairs, 1698-1796 (Mss.Film.426)

Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1900
Contributor: Smith, Lloyd Dean
Type:Text
Extent: 78 pages
Description: This master's thesis traces relations between the Six Nations and the colony of New York from 1700 through the Revolutionary War, with attention to the role of New France. Original at University of Wisconsin Library.
Collection: The five nations of Indians in their relation to the colony of New York from 1700 to 1781, 1900 (Mss.Film.651)

Chickasaw | Delaware | Haudenosaunee | Miami
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1775-1803
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters
Description: This collection consists of correspondence both to and from Thomas Jefferson, as well as various other material. Four letters in particular refer to Indigenous people: a letter circa 1775 from John Murray, the Earl of Dunmore, to the Delaware leader Captain White-Eyes, urging peace; a letter to Jefferon from William Fleming, June 15, 1776, discussing imminent war with Indians in Canada; Jefferson's letter to General Daniel Smith, September 10, 1800, acknowledging receiving a Chickasaw vocabulary and desire to record as many Native languages as possible; and a letter from Jefferson to Miami and Delaware Indians, January 8, 1803. Additional letters in the collection may pertain to Indigenous people in ways not yet documented. 
Collection: Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825 (Mss.B.J35)

Dakota | Haudenosaunee | Tuscarora
Language(s): English | Tuscarora
Date: 1950-1951
Extent: 6 sound tape reels (3 hr., 14 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Recorded at the Tuscarora Reservation in Niagara County, New York from December 1950 to January 1951. Consists of Tuscarora vocabulary, paradigms, and stories regarding tribal history told in Tuscarora only. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Tuscarora Indian Material (Mss.Rec.9)