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Culture: Cayuga | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Lenape | Wyandot | Mandan | Ojibwe | Seneca | Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Huron, Wendat
Contributor: Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Extent: 0.5 Linear feet, 2 boxes; 2 volumes
Description: A manuscript compiled from originals in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania by William L. McAtee. Concerns murder of John Armstrong by Indians; mentions Canestogae tribe, Cayahoga path, Cheerake, Chickasaw, Colonel Cresap; tuberculosis among Indians; Delawares; eloquence; Indian barrows, fortifications, and graves; Kash kask kunck; Mandan; Seneca, Six Nations, and Captain White Eyes. Also Crave Creek mound; Wyandot, Indian sugar camp; war customs and war party; treaty of December 1784 at Fort McIntosh with Chippewa and Wyandots; Indian burning; Indian diseases. Teedyuscung; Penn's treaty with the Delaware (1682 and 1702); meaning of "Geneseo"; Seneca battle with Koghquangians (Caughnawaga); Chickasaw; specimen of a Cayuga vocabulary with same list as that used in Barton (1797).
Collection: Benjamin Smith Barton journals; notebooks (Mss.B.B284.1)
Contributor: Hunter, George, 1755-1823
Subject: Expeditions | Mounds | Warfare | Funeral rites and ceremonies | Botany | Louisiana--History | Music | Arkansas--History
Extent: 107 pages
Description: "Journal up the Red and Washita rivers, with William Dunbar, by order of the U.S. with list of common names of some of the trees and vegetables from the River Washita." No. 2 of Explorations in the Louisiana Country. Describes mounds near Natchez and on the Ouachita. Mentions Caddo trace; Captain Jacobs, a Delaware Indian; Chickasaws, Choctaws, Osages (Little Osages and Grand Osages) and Pascagoulas; warfare and raids; and the singing of a Choctaw woman mourning a child. Printed (abstract only) as Jefferson (1806). [See also Hunter journals #473, volumes 2, 3, 4, May 27, 1804-March 29, 1805.]
Collection: Mémoire sur le district du Ouachita dans la province de la Louisianne,  (Mss.917.6.Ex7)
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Contributor: Bull, William, 1683-1755 | Gooch, William, Sir, 1681-1751 | Lee, Thomas, 1690-1750 | Logan, James, 1674-1751 | Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775 | Thomas, George, 1695?-1774 | Catawba chiefs | Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760 | Glen, James, 1701-1777
Subject: Warfare | Diplomacy | Pennsylvania--History | South Carolina--History | United States--History--King George's War, 1744-1748 | Canada--History--To 1763 (New France)
Extent: 19 items
Description: Correspondence between James Logan, other royal and propriety officials, and various native groups regarding Indian affairs. Topics include Catawba relations with Cherokees, Six Nations, and other Indian groups; Catawba relations with various colonies; efforts to preserve peace among Britain's native allies; fears about effect of inter-Native warfare during King George's War; and efforts to arrange a peace treaty between the Catawbas and Six Nations. Individuals mentioned include Schermerhorn and Conrad Weiser.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)
Alternate forms: Lenape
Contributor: Holland, Nathaniel | Shippen, Joseph, 1732-1810 | Stanwix, John, 1690?-1766 | Atkin, Edmond
Subject: Pennsylvania--History | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 | Warfare
Extent: 4 items
Description: Letters to Richard Peters, Governor Denny, and the Commissioners for Indian Affairs mentioning Cherokees. Topics include 150 Cherokees, a few Hambus and Delaware warriors at Ray's Town camp; a report of six Cherokee who saw French army on move; and information received from Job Chillway. Also a long letter from Edmond Atkin to George Croghan giving account of the state of the southern Indian tribes.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Contributor: Lowe, Joan L.
Subject: Gender | Religion | Moravians | Land transfers | Land claims | Social life and customs | Fur trade | Pennsylvania--History | Government relations | Warfare | Politics and government | Economic conditions | Clothing and dress
Extent: 86 pages
Description: This senior thesis for honors in American History was submitted to the University of Pennsylvania in 1991. Lowe's advisors were Anthony F. C. Wallace and Edward C. Carter III. The author was inspired by Peggy Reeves Sanday and Carroll Smith-Rosenberg to develop a feminist perspective in her study of history, and approaches the "Delaware as women" trope accordingly to argue that Delawares adopted a "European gender discourse" that "contributed to the erosion of Delaware Indian culture." Lowe focuses on laying out the background of the "Delaware as women"problem; analyzing morality (particular sexual mores), gender roles, and the use of the word "petticoats" in the context of Delaware culture; the position of the Delawares in relation to the Six Nation; land disputes and agreements; the fur trade; religion, particularly Moravian missionaries and native prophets; and politics. Gift of Joan L. Lowe.
Collection: Colonial gender discourse and the Delaware Indians; 1991 (Mss.970.3.L948c)
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Contributor: Norris, Isaac, 1701-1766 | Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 | Wharton, Samuel, 1732-1800 | Wharton, Thomas, 1730-1782 | Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834 | Harmar, Josiah, 1753-1813 | Bouquet, Henry, 1719-1765 | Paris, Ferdinand John | Spicer, Jacob, 1716-1765
Subject: Deeds | Land claims | Pennsylvania--History | Warfare | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Pontiac's Conspiracy, 1763-1765
Extent: 18 items
Description: Correspondence and minutes of conferences relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares, Shawnees, and the Haudenosaunee. Land deeds and purchases, the Treaty of Easton, the Seven Years' War era, the conflict called Pontiac's War and the surrender of the Delawares and Shawnees, the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the Empress of Russia and her plan for a universal dictionary, Teedyuscung and his fitness for leadership are among the topics discussed.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)
Alternate forms: Munsee
Date: February 3, 1758
Contributor: D., W.
Extent: 2 pages
Description: Letter to Captain Weatherholt regarding enemy Munsey [Delaware] Indians on information from a friendly Indian.
Collection: Burd-Shippen Papers (Mss.B.B892)
Date: October 25, 1775; February 3, 1783; March 24, 1786
Extent: 1 letter; 2 documents
Description: Documents provides names of treaty signers of Delaware and Six Nations given in list from 1684-1783 of Pennsylvania land purchasers. Memorial to Assembly about Treaty of 1736 and land dispute between Pennsylvania and Connecticut. King Hendrick denies sale of Iroquois lands.
Collection: Documents relating to the Wyoming Controversy (Mss.974.8.D65)
Alternate forms: Lenape
Date: September 24, 1891
Contributor: Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895
Extent: 16 pages
Description: Draft of an address on the occasion of the unveiling of a monument dedicated by the New York Tammany Regiment to the memory of comrades killed in the Civil War. A prominent feature of the monument is a figure of the Delaware chief, Tammany.
Collection: Ely Samuel Parker Papers (Mss.497.3.P223)
Contributor: Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773 | Teedyuscung, Delaware chief, 1700-1763 | Croghan, George, 1720?-1782 | Spangenberg, August Gottlieb, 1704-1792 | Grube, Bernhard Adam, 1715-1805 | Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 | Parsons, William, 1701-1757 | Morris, Robert Hunter, approximately 1700-1764 | Nickodemus | Newcastle, Captain | Reynolds, Captain | Peters, Richard, 1743-1828 | Read, James, 1718-1793 | Tatteroeskund | Trent, William, 1715-1787? | Hamilton, James, 1710-1783 | Jonathan, a Mohawk Sachem
Subject: Pennsylvania--History | Health | Religion | Trade | Treaties | Policy | Warfare | Military history
Extent: 48 letters
Description: Correspondence during the Seven Years' War (1754-1763) regarding the Treaty of Easton, with particular attention to Teedyuscung and the Moravian Indians. One letter from Timothy Horsfled to Benjamin Franklin regards how Indians with smallpox were treated.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (974.8 H78) Section 2 (Mss.974.8.H78)