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Lenape | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: 1991
Contributor: Lowe, Joan L.
Type:Text
Genre: Theses
Extent: 86 pages
Description: This senior thesis for honors in American History was submitted to the University of Pennsylvania in 1991. Lowe's advisors were Anthony F. C. Wallace and Edward C. Carter III. The author was inspired by Peggy Reeves Sanday and Carroll Smith-Rosenberg to develop a feminist perspective in her study of history, and approaches the "Delaware as women" trope accordingly to argue that Delawares adopted a "European gender discourse" that "contributed to the erosion of Delaware Indian culture." Lowe focuses on laying out the background of the "Delaware as women"problem; analyzing morality (particular sexual mores), gender roles, and the use of the word "petticoats" in the context of Delaware culture; the position of the Delawares in relation to the Six Nation; land disputes and agreements; the fur trade; religion, particularly Moravian missionaries and native prophets; and politics. Gift of Joan L. Lowe.
Collection: Colonial gender discourse and the Delaware Indians; 1991 (Mss.970.3.L948c)

Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Miami | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1740-1760
Type:Text
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Six Nations and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Six Nations, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)

Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Cayuga | Miami | Shawnee | Nanticoke | Mohawk | Seneca | Susquehannock | Piscataway
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape, Iroquois, Conoy
Language(s): English
Date: 1725-1759
Type:Text
Extent: 27 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials relating to Indian affairs. Topics include land claims; treaties and diplomatic conferences; Indian complaints of dispossession and mistreatment; "Minguay" expense of Indian diplomacy; illness and death of Allumapis; Conrad Weiser's activities in the service of the colony; Delawares and other Indians in Ohio; hanging of Indian in New Jersey; efforts to make Six Nations "overlords" of Pennsylvania's nearer Native neighbors; the Walking Purchase; Shawnees making trouble; fears of Indians going over to the French. Individuals mentioned include Allumapis, Christopher Pyrlaeus, Conrad Weiser, Shickellamy, Teedyuscung, Christopher Stump, Hugh Jones, Mannakahickan, Broken Thigh, Captain Newcastle, James Logan, Governor Ogle; Nutimus.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Haudenosaunee | Lenape | Shawnee | Susquehannock | Piscataway | Cayuga | Seneca | Onondaga | Mohican | Mohawk | Tuscarora
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Lenape, Ohio Indians
Language(s): English
Date: 1702-1753
Type:Text
Extent: 52 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials relating to Indian affairs. Topics include diplomacy with Six Nations, including various delegations to and from the Six Nations, diplomatic gifts and expenses, and Maryland's efforts to treat with anxieties about French intrigues, overtures, and inroads on Indian loyalty; land claims and disputes; Lancaster Treaty of 1744; two Delaware Indians accused of murder; Ohio Company; Indians' tensions with Virginians; and Indians in Ohio. Individuals (other than contributors) mentioned include Hotquantgoehle, Shickellamy, Andrew Montour, George Croghan, Colonel Burnett, Canasadego, Lord Cornbury, Indian Harry, Allumapis, and Lapaghpitton.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)

Lenape | Susquehannock | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: October 22, 1730; November 8, 1755; July 20, 1758; 1759; February 4, 1764; August 9, 1766; February 9, 1769; February 10, 1769; October 23, 1784; March 2, 1787; 1951;
Type:Text
Extent: 12 items
Description: Materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Mostly eighteenth-century correspondence regarding Pennsylvania Indian affairs. Topics include purchasing Indian lands; surveying Indian lands, including those acquired through the Treaty of Fort Stanwix; surveying Proprietary lands without offending Native neigbhors; settling boundaries with Native neighbors; colonists taken captive during Seven Years' War era; the Paxton Boys' rebellion, massacre at Susquehannock, and the killing of Susquehannock refugees; a 1759 list of Native groups clothed at Pittsburgh, with information about where they reside and hunt; and diplomacy (i.e., trying to secure Native allies) during Seven Years' War era. Also Witthoft's 1951 "The Pemberton Family Cemetary," containing a narrative of the excavation of cemetery at Pennsbury with burials of Pemberton family, 1683-1802 as well as a murdered Indian (before 1705) and white pauper of later date. Individuals mentioned include Scarroyady, Isaac Pemberton, Joseph Shippen, and David the Indian.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1782
Type:Text
Extent: 22 items
Description: Correspondence and one report relating to Pennsylvania Indian affairs during the Seven Years' War and Revolutionary War eras. Topics include hostilities between Indians and colonists; murders of Indians, particularly the Frederick Stump affair and a massacre at Shamokin; traders' abuses, fears, and losses; suspicion of Proprietary regarding its relations with Indians; Quakers' efforts to make peace with native neighbors; the so-called Black Boys Rebellion in 1765; land grants as restitution to those who sustained losses during wars with Indians. Individuals mentioned include George Croghan, Aliquippy, Thomas Walpole, Mr. Dagge, Ralph Fretwell, Captain [Robert] Callender, Joseph Fox, Joseph Galloway, John Hughes, Edward Pennington, and Samuel Rhoads.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)