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Culture: Otomi | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kaw | Omaha | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | A'aninin | Miami | Mi'kmaq | Seminole | Quapaw | Yuchi | Lenape | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Creek | Mohican | Mohegan
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Ojibwa, Huron-Wyandot, Atsina, Gros Ventre, Micmac, Lenape
Language(s): English | German | Otomi, Mezquital | Chitimacha | Atakapa | Cherokee | Osage | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Nottoway | Kansa | Omaha-Ponca | Dakota | Pawnee | Nanticoke | Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille | Miami-Illinois | Mi'kmaq | Mikasuki | Quapaw | Yuchi | Delaware | Ojibwe | Shawnee | Seneca | Mohawk | Onondaga | Cayuga | Oneida | Tuscarora | Natchez | Wyandot | Muscogee | Mohegan-Pequot
Subject: Linguistics | Algonquian languages | Iroquoian languages | Siouan languages | Muskogean languages
Extent: 219 pages
Description: This volume contains extracts of Benjamin Smith Barton's "New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America" (Philadelphia, 1797), with additions by Peter S. Du Ponceau. The bulk of the volume is comprised of word list of 54 words with equivalents listed in a range of 50-70 languages. While Barton listed no authority, Du Ponceau cited sources. Languages with words listed include Chitimacha, Atakapa, Cherokee, Osage, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Nottoway, Kansa, Omaha, Dakota, Pawnee, Nanticoke, Gros Ventres, Miami, Mi'kmaq, Seminole, Quapaw, Yuchi, Delaware, Ojibwe, Shawnee, Seneca, Mohawk, Onondaga, Cayuga, Oneida, Tuscarora, Natches, Wyandot, Creek, Mahican, Mohegan, and many others. The word list includes the terms for God, heaven, and sky, as well as various terms relating to kinship, parts of the body, weather, and more. The volume also includes notes on sounds of the Otomi (Othomi) observations on declension; observations about the Omaha, Kansa, Oto, Arkansas, and Missouri languages; and notes on symbol and sound. Also includes a newspaper clipping of a review (in German) of Barton's "New Views" that appeared in "Göttingische Anzeigen von gelehrten Sachen," June 17, 1799.
Collection: A comparative vocabulary of Indian languages (Mss.497.B28)
Alternate forms: Dakhota, Lakhota, Santee, Sioux, Teton, Yankton
Date: 1838-1938 (bulk 1930s)
Contributor: Deloria, Ella Cara | Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 | Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921 | Bushotter, George, 1860-1892 | Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957 | Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895 | Herzog, George, 1901-1983 | Pond, Gideon H. (Gideon Hollister), 1810-1878 | Pond, Samuel W. (Samuel William), 1808-1891 | Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883 | Walker, Luke C. | Tiger, Annie | Deloria, Vine, Sr., 1901-1990 | Schmidt, George | Standing Bull | Heḣákawį (Mrs. Andrew Knife) | Rabbit, White, Mrs. | Vlandry, Emma | White Face, Mrs. | Long Wolf | Fire Thunder | Ten Fingers, Asa | Eagle, Johnson | Robertson, W. M. | Bad Wound, Robert | Bissonette, Fred | Station, Philip | Day, David | LastHorse, Joe | Sword, George | Amos | Frazier, Joseph | Paints-Yellow, Joseph | Standing Holy | Old Bull | Ghost Bear | Robinson, Philip | Matthews, G. Hubert
Subject: Education | Ethnography | Games | Hunting | Humor | Linguistics | Minnesota--History | Missions | Music | North Dakota--History | Personal names | Politics and government | Religion | Social life and customs | South Dakota--History | Warfare
Genre: Autobiographies | Calendars | Censuses | Correspondence | Dictionaries | Drawings | Speeches | Stories | Vocabularies
Extent: 7500+ pages, 3300+ slips; 2 notebooks
Description: The Dakota and Lakota materials in the ACLS collection consist of a very large and diverse set of materials, and are located in the "Dakota" section of the finding aid, which provides a detailed listing of all contents. The vast majority of these materials were composed and assembled by Ella Deloria during the 1930s, both recorded from contemporary speakers and from various historical manuscript sources, which were sent to Franz Boas. The bulk of Deloria's materials are stories and speeches in typewritten manuscript form, with a transcription in the original language, followed by a literal word-for-word translation, then a free translation in English, and a section of footnotes commenting upon the original text and translation decisions. Some of her manuscripts occasionally lack one or more of these sections. These texts cover a wide range of topics, from traditional narratives, historical accounts, autobiographical stories, descriptions of games, customs, ceremonies, etc., and speeches, often concerning political affairs and economic conditions from the late-19th century to the 1930s. Names of numerous speakers are also given in the manuscripts themselves. Some of these materials were published, but most were not. Note that Deloria identifies the language recorded by using the terms "Teton" for Lakota language, and "Santee" and "Yankton" to indicate Eastern and Western dialects of Dakota language. The collection also includes a much smaller amount of material by Boas and others, primarily consisting of linguistics notes and musical analysis. A full list of places where the material was recorded has not yet been assembled.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)
Alternate forms: Sioux, Teton
Date: circa 1930s
Subject: Economic conditions | Folklore | Linguistics | North Dakota--History | South Dakota--History
Extent: 8 folders
Description: The Dakota and Lakota materials in the Franz Boas Professional Papers consist of 8 items. Six of these items are listed under "Boas, Franz--Dakota Languages" and pertain to various linguistic features, inclussing an incomplete glossary. See also "Dakota Indians - The story of the beginning as told in the Wakan Wacipi of Dakota" and "Deloria, Ella - Report for Dr. Boas, re: Capitalism and the Dakota-Sioux."
Collection: Franz Boas Personal and Professional Papers (Mss.B.B61p)
Alternate forms: Sioux
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950
Extent: 19 pages
Description: Materials relating to Speck's study of Dakota history, language, and culture. Includes 4 pages of Santee utterances with translations and ethnographic and linguistic notes; 1 page containing the name of Santee shield; 11 pages, circa 1934, with names and addresses of Dakota Indian; museum specimens; phonetic names of material culture objects. Mrs. A. L. Haines and Richard Night Chase (a Dakota) to Speck, January 2, 1927, autograph letter signed, 3 pages, concerning possible specimens.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Date: 1883; 1953
Description: The Dakota materials in the Siebert Papers consist of one item by Horatio Hale in Series VII, and sound recordings of Reuben Jacobs made by G. Hubert Matthews found in Series XII.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)
Date: 1964-1965, 1969-1970, 1976, 1996-1998
Contributor: Anderson, Carolyn R. | Clemmons, Linda M. | Garner, Beatrice Medicine | Harbeck, Warren A. | Merrill, William Lewis | Powers, William K.
Extent: 162 pages
Description: The Dakota materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 7 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Anderson, Carter, Clemmons, Garner, Harbeck, Merrill, Powers.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)
Extent: 1 folder
Description: William Bright corresponded with John E. Koontz on the etymology of “Dakota”, including a 4-page manuscript draft from Koontz on the topic (Series 1).
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)
Extent: 4 folders
Description: Haas' Lakota file consists of two short lexica and several interlinear texts recorded with Chief Crazy Bull of the Hunkpapa Lakota. In addition to being presented in the dedicated subseries in Series 2, it also forms part of a field notebook on various languages from the 1930s in Subseries ‘Multiple Languages'. Wahpeton and Shahiyina Sioux are also represented here, alongside a Siouan family tree. A Dakota Sioux lexicon is also found in the same subseries.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)
Alternate forms: Sioux
Language(s): Atakapa | Biloxi | Catawba | Dakota | English | Havasupai-Walapai-Yavapai | Maidu (macrolanguage) | Tunica | Tutelo | Yuchi
Date: circa 1970-1977
Contributor: Crawford, James M. (James Mack), 1925-1989
Extent: 5 folders
Description: Materials relating to James Crawford's interest in and study of Siouan languages. Items include 2 folders on "Hokan and Siouan Words for Mouth" [1970-1971] in Series III-D. Works by Crawford--Other. Folder 1 contains a brief handwritten explanation of the research project, which revolved around the phonological sequence "ya" in words pertaining to the mouth; over 100 sheets of paper titled "Mouth," each containing linguistic examples for a different lists of languages considered, some with examples; a chart of Crawford's data, organized by language and with words (when available) for "mouth," "swallow," "be hungry," "chin," and "throat, neck"; and miscellaneous notes. Folder 2 contains a first draft of the article, with endnotes and bibliography, dated to March 1970, and several subsequent drafts, including a clean copy. Draft pages are numbered but some appear to be out of order. Crawford culled examples from many languages outside of the Hokan and Siouan language families. See also related material in "The Phonological Sequence 'ya' in Words Pertaining to the Mouth in Southeastern and Other Indian Languages"  in the same series. In Series IV-B. Research Notes & Notebooks--Yuchi there are two Siouan-related folders, "Possible Cognates to Yuchi in Siouan, Atakapa, Yava, Maider, etc.," which contains 9 full sheets and 2 slips of handwritten notes comparing Yuchi, Biloxi, Ofo, Catawba, Atakapa, Maidu, Yava, Wocco, Tutelo, etc., and "Some Possible Cognates Between Yuchi and Siouan and Between Yuchi and Tunica," containing a typed three-page chart comparing Yuchi, Dakota, and Biloxi (also with some Catawba examples). Finally, there is a folder of drafts, page proofs, and a tear sheet of James M. Crawford's joint review in "American Anthropologist" of "The Caddoan, Iroquoian, and Siouan Languages" by Wallace L. Chafe; "A Grammar of Biloxi" by Paula Ferris Einaudi; "A Grammar of Pawnee" by Douglas R. Parks; and "Wichita Grammar" by David S. Rood. Located in Series III-D. Works by Crawford--Other.
Collection: James M. Crawford Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.66)
Alternate forms: Sioux
Contributor: Eashappie, Albert | Good Bear, Henry | Joshua, Florence | Harbeck, Warren A. | House, Jacob | Pratt, Donald
Extent: 1 sound tape reel (12 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Five short texts recorded to conducted a mutual intelligibility study of Siouan languages. The speakers of the stories are from Eagle Butte, South Dakota; Sintaluta, Saskatchewan; Fort Totten, North Dakota; Griswold, Manitoba; and Rocky Mountain House, Alberta. This recording is the basis for Harbeck's report, "A Study in Mutual Intelligibility and Linguistic Separation Among Five Siouan Languages" (37 pages) (Mss.497.3.Am4). (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Siouan texts: mutual intelligibility survey (Mss.Rec.71)