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Caddo | Lenape | Choctaw | Chickasaw | Osage | Pascagoula | Natchez
Language(s): English
Date: 1804
Type:Text
Extent: 107 pages
Description: "Journal up the Red and Washita rivers, with William Dunbar, by order of the U.S. with list of common names of some of the trees and vegetables from the River Washita." No. 2 of Explorations in the Louisiana Country. Describes mounds near Natchez and on the Ouachita. Mentions Caddo trace; Captain Jacobs, a Delaware Indian; Chickasaws, Choctaws, Osages (Little Osages and Grand Osages) and Pascagoulas; warfare and raids; and the singing of a Choctaw woman mourning a child. Printed (abstract only) as Jefferson (1806). [See also Hunter journals #473, volumes 2, 3, 4, May 27, 1804-March 29, 1805.]
Collection: Mémoire sur le district du Ouachita dans la province de la Louisianne, [1803] (Mss.917.6.Ex7)

Cherokee | Choctaw | Chickasaw
Language(s): English
Date: 1803
Contributor: Wilson, Patrick
Type:Text
Extent: 2 pages
Description: "Observations while passing thro' the Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Cherokee nations." No. 3 in Explorations in the Louisiana Country. Reverend Patrick Wilson describes his observations while traveling on a road built between Choctaw and Chickasaw country, including the state of Native-white relations and the growing white population in the area. At Muscle Shoals, he stays with Cherokee chiefs Doublehead and Skiowska. Notes that many Native peoples have good farms, good furnishings, good fences, and good stock, and that one Native man runs an inn.
Collection: Mémoire sur le district du Ouachita dans la province de la Louisianne, [1803] (Mss.917.6.Ex7)

Anishinaabe | Chickasaw | Dakota | Lenape | Ojibwe | Osage | Pawnee
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa, Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1804-1805
Type:Text
Genre: Journals
Extent: 1 volume
Description: This collection contains three manuscript journals of exploration expedition, bound together in one volume: one journal by Zebulon Pike, two journals by William Dunbar. The Pike journal documents the expedition to explore the geography of the Mississippi River led by Lt. Zebulon Montgomery Pike in 1805-1806, and his attempts to purchase sites from the Dakota Indians for future military posts, and to bring influential chiefs back to St. Louis for talks. Dunbar's journald document the expedition up the Red and Ouachita Rivers to the Hot Springs of Arkansas in 1804-1805. The "Journal... to the Mouth of the Red River" (200p.) is the fullest available record of the activities of the expedition from the time of their departure from St. Catharine's Landing on October 16, 1804, until their return to Natchez, Miss., on January 26, 1805. The "Journal of a geometrical survey" includes a record of course and distances as well as a thermometrical log and other brief notes. The second of these mention Osage and Caddo, their relations with whites (enemies and friends), trade to Osages with Delaware Indian as aid, and Chickasaw.
Collection: Expedition Journals (Mss.917.7.D91)

Caddo | Cherokee | Chickasaw | Choctaw | Lenape | Osage
Language(s): English
Date: 1796-1809
Type:Text
Extent: 4 volumes
Description: I. Journal kept by George Hunter of a tour from Philadelphia to Kentucky and the Illinois country. July 14 - October 18, 1796 (38 pages). Journal from Philadelphia towards Lexington, Kentucky, by George Hunter, Senior and Junior, August 19 - September 8, 1802 (28 pages). Miscellaneous accounts (2 pages). II. Continuation of journal of trip to Lexington, September 13 - 0ctober 26, 1802 (33 pages). Journey to explore Louisiana, May 27, 1804 - January 28, 1805 (36 pages). III. Journal of an excursion from Natchez on the Mississippi, October 16 - December 31, 1804 (40 pages). Thermometrical observations, October 18 - December 6, 1804 (27 pages). IV. Continuation of journal of excursion from Natchez, January 1 - March 27, 1805 (17 pages). Volume I mentions Indians resorting at the Wabash, gives account of Indian woman who lost nose for infidelity; mentions theft of horses and Indians hired to recover them (Delaware); Indian Gillaway among these. Volumes II, III, and IV, in part based on letters to Hunter's wife, probably copied from these. Volume III mentions Captain Jacobs; Delaware Indians; Chickasaw and Choctaw. Volume IV mentions murder of some Cherokees by Little Osages; plundering of white men by Grand Osages who had visited Washington; Choctaw woman mourning child; memo noting omission of description of Indian mounds, present in copy #472.
Collection: George Hunter Journals (Mss.B.H912)