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Culture: Shawnee | Lenape | Potawatomi | Meskwaki | Menominee | Cree | Ojibwe | Blackfoot | Cheyenne | Ktunaxa | Penobscot | Mi'kmaq
Alternate forms: Lenape, Fox, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Micmac
Language(s): English | Shawnee | Delaware | Potawatomi | Meskwaki | Menominee | Cree, Plains | Ojibwe | Blackfoot | Cheyenne | Kutenai | Abenaki, Eastern
Date: circa 1930s-1960s
Contributor: Voegelin, C. F. (Charles Frederick), 1906-1986 | Bloomfield, Leonard, 1887-1949 | Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967 | Hockett, Charles Francis | Hamp, Eric P. | Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950
Subject: Linguistics | Anthropology | Algonquian languages | New England--History | Orthography and spelling
Extent: 25 folders, 1 box
Description: There are many materials relating to Algonquian languages in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. This entry is intended as a catch-all for materials labeled as Algonquian or Macro-Algonquian, or having to do with several Algonquian languages in a general way. Researchers should also view the entries for specific Algonquian languages and culture groups. Algonquian materials are located in both Subcollection I and Subcollection II. In Subcollection I, there is relevant correspondence with Leonard Bloomfield (regarding an inscription on a silver bracelet; Bloomfield's "Menomini Grammar"), Charles Hockett (with questions about Voegelin's article on Delaware and examples from other Algonquian languages), and Morris Swadesh (including a brief Stockbridge vocabulary and a slip of Moravian Delaware) in Series I. Correspondence; 1 box of comparative Algonquian vocabulary and grammar in Series II. and several linguistic maps (i.e., "Algonquian language text with illustrations" and "Linguistic classification of the Southern New England Algonquians"), particularly of the Potawatomi, Delaware, and Shawnee, to accompany the texts of Voegelin's work on Algonquian languages, in Series VII. Photographs. In Subcollection II, there is relevant correspondence from Eric Hamp (to Ives Goddard regarding preparation of Arapaho and Algonquian works) and Frank Speck (to Edward Sapir regarding his work on Mi'kmaq and other northern Algonquian languages and societies) in Series I. Correspondence. There is also an entire subseries devoted to Macro-Algonquian: Subseries III. Macro-Algonquian of Series II. Research Notes. This subseries contains a grammatical sketch of Algonquian by Leonard Bloomfield (135 pages of typescript with handwritten edits and 7 interleaved pages of notes by Voegelin); another "Sketch of Algonquian" by Bloomfield consisting of a notebook (approx. 45 pages) and handwritten notes (approx. 80 pages); 5 folders of notebooks focusing on beginning sounds ("Č and K," "L and M," "N and P," " Š and T," and "Θ and ?"), drawing from Pacific Coast Algonquian ("PCA"), Fox [Meskwaki], Plains Cree, Menominee, and Ojibwe; 3 folders of other comparative Algonquian notebooks organized by general nouns, body parts, kinship terms, numerals, and verbs; miscellaneous Algonquian notes; and specimens of Central Algonquian, including short texts in Fox [Meskwaki], Ojibwe, Menominee, and Plains Cree, with English translations. The rest of the material in the Macro-Algonquian folder is organized according to specific languages: Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Fox (Meskwaki), Kutenai [Ktunaxa culture], Ojibwe, Penobscot, and Shawnee. Finally, there is an article titled "Some Observations on Algonquian Phonology" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries I: General works; an incomplete typed draft of Bloomfield's "Sketch of Algonquian" in Series IV. Works by Others; and a "Linguistic map of Southern New England" in Series III. Works by Voegelin, Subseries V: American Indian Languages.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)
Contributor: Bigfoot, David | Birdwoman, Laura | Blackhorse, Francis | Croft, Kenneth | Guerrier, William | Littlebird, Anna May | Littlebird, Harry | Monatie, Albert | Red Bird, Charles | Stands In Timber, John | Yellow Spider, Mr.
Subject: Ethnography | Linguistics | Oklahoma--History | Social life and customs | Warfare | Wyoming--History
Extent: 30 notebooks, 344 loose pages
Description: The Cheyenne materials in the ACLS collection consist of a large body of material recorded by Kenneth Croft in 1948-1949. They have three main parts: (1) typed and manuscript data in folders consisting of linguistic data and analysis of noun paradigms, syllable and clusters, modes, instrumentals, affixes, prefixes, and suffixes; (2) 6 notebooks recorded in Lame Deer, Montana, with Northern Cheyenne words lists, phrases, and texts. (3) 24 notebooks recorded in El Reno, Oklahoma, with Southern Cheyenne words lists, phrases, paradigms, and texts. The texts include a wide variety of traditional, historical, and autobiographical stories. See also Croft's accompanying audio collection (Mss.Rec.5), listed separately in this guide.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)
Date: circa 1949-1976
Extent: 2 folders
Description: Two items relating to the Cheyenne language have been identified in the C. F. Voegelin Papers. They are both located in Subcollection II. They consist of Voegelin's correspondence with Kenneth Croft (regarding Croft's Cheyenne materials, which he deposited at APS and distributed among individuals after he moved on to Nahuatl) in Series I. Correspondence; and a Cheyenne folder containing a 1950 letter from Croft, a brief grammatical sketch, transcriptions of words from tape recordings [possibly from Croft's audio recordings also deposited at the APS and available through the Digital Library], and a 2-page typewritten story in Cheyenne and English ("My Grandfather's Advice") in Series II. Research Notes, Subseries III. Macro-Algonquian.
Collection: C. F. Voegelin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.68)
Description: The Cheyenne materials in the Siebert Papers are limited to linguistic and ethnographic secondary sources located in Series VII.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)
Contributor: Boas, Franz, 1858-1942 | Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938 | Hoebel, E. Adamson (Edward Adamson), 1906-1993 | Michelson, Truman, 1879-1938 | Teit, James Alexander, 1864-1922
Description: This collection contains the bulk of correspondence between Franz Boas and his professional colleagues, though there are also other Boas collections in the library. The correspondents listed above contain some correspondence related to the culture or language listed in this entry. In the finding aid listings for some of these correspondents, the individual letters pertaining to this culture or language will be identified by a subject heading, though for some correspondents this indexing has not yet been completed. Some letters may contain only brief mentions of work being conducted in relation to the topic. Some additional correspondences in this collection that have not yet been indexed may also contain additional material.
Collection: Franz Boas Papers (Mss.B.B61)
Contributor: Haas, Mary R. (Mary Rosamond), 1910-1996 | Silver, Shirley | Frantz, Donald G. | Alford, Dan
Extent: 0.1 linear feet
Description: Mary Haas' Cheyenne file is brief, consisting mostly of comparisons with Proto-Algonquian and Proto-Central Algonquian in the form ofa lexical slip filse (Series 9) and longer notes (Series 2). There are also some unidentified works by Donald Franz (Series 8) and correspondence with Alfred Dan (Series 1) on Cheyenne.
Collection: Mary R. Haas Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.94)
Date: 1949, 1963-1964, 1976, 1985-1987, 1991-1994, 2005, 2009
Contributor: Berndt, Christina | Guerrier, William | Leman, Wayne | Meadows, William C., 1966- | Merrill, William Lewis | Olson, Donald | Powers, William K.
Subject: Dance | Botany | Folklore | Linguistics | Montana--History | Music | Powwows | Religion | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs
Extent: 1325 pages, 64 photographs
Description: The Cheyenne materials in the Phillips Fund collection consist of 7 items. Materials in this collection are listed alphabetically by last name of author. See materials listed under Berndt, Guerrier, Leman, Meadows, Merrill, Olson, Powers.
Collection: Phillips Fund for Native American Research Collection (Mss.497.3.Am4)
Extent: 0.25 linear feet
Description: William Bright's Cheyenne materials consist of two small publications: Wayne Leman's "Cheyenne Texts: An Introduction to Cheyenne Literature Told by Cheyennes" (1980) and Leman and Josephine Stands in Timber Glenmore's "Cheyenne Topical Dictionary" (1985, revised edition) (Series 2).
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)
Contributor: Ant, James | Blackhorse, Alex | Fightingbear, Maude | Glenmore, Josephine, 1920-1990 | Hawk, Anna | Howlingcrane, Jeanette | King, Marion | Knowsgun, Sylvester | LaRance, Martha | Leman, Elena | Leman, Wayne | Olson, Donald | Risingsun, Elizabeth | Risingsun, Ted | Rockroads, Laura | Shoulderblade, James | Strangeowl, Elaine | Tallbull, William | Walksalong, Joe | Whitedirt, Charles | Whitedirt, Julia | Wolfvoice, Grover | Woodenlegs, John | Yellow Eagle, Mrs.
Extent: 29 audiocassettes (19 hr., 31 min.) : DIGITIZED
Description: Cheyenne stories, sermons, tribal histories, songs, and other material, recorded in Busby, Montana. (NOTE: This material has been digitized and can be accessed online for free by users not physically at the APS Library through a login and password. Please see our Audio Access Page for information on how to request these materials.)
Collection: Cheyenne texts (Mss.Rec.145)
Date: 1885; 1936-1981
Contributor: Axtell, James, 1944- | Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899 | Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005 | Haas, Mary R. (Mary Rosamond), 1910-1996 | Hamell, George R. | Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960 | Wallace, Anthony F. C., 1923-2015 | Stocking, George W., 1928- | Tooker, Elisabeth, 1927-2004 | Lounsbury, Floyd Glenn
Subject: Astronomy | Religion | Linguistics | Place names | Art | Economics | Psychology | Genealogy | Archaeology | Ethnography
Description: The General Linguistics material in the Lounsbury collection can be found in Series II. It includes a broad array works ranging from archeoastronomy to maps to lectures presented by Lounsbury on the history of linguistics. Many of the items are secondary sources.
Collection: Floyd G. Lounsbury Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.95)