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Date: March 24, 1837
Contributor: Troost, Gerard, 1776-1850
Extent: 1 page
Description: Letter discussing grave robbing of Indigenous ancestors' remains. Sends drawings of heads, one of an ancient tribe, flattened at back of head, from mound at junction of French-Broad and Holston rivers. Other from bank of Cumberland river above Nashville, probably of Chickasaw, Cherokee, and Choctaw nations said to visit here. They seem much alike in their living form to Troost.
Collection: Samuel George Morton Papers (Mss.B.M843)
Culture: Chickasaw | Choctaw | Catawba | Tutelo | Natchez | Caddo | Lenape | Meskwaki | Tunica | Beothuk | Montauk | Seminole | Cherokee | Yuchi | Creek
Alternate forms: Fox
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Hardenbrook, Louise | Greywacz, Kathryn B. | Howells, W. W. (William White), 1908-2005 | Launer, Philip | Rathbone, Perry Townsend, 1911-2000 | Fewkes, Vladimir J. | Hawkes, Ernest William, 1883- | Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994 | McKern, W. C. (Will Carleton), 1892- | Ritchie, William A. (William Augustus), 1903-1995 | Spaulding, Albert C. (Albert Clanton), 1914-1990 | Birket-Smith, Kaj, 1893-1977 | Eiseley, Loren C., 1907-1977 | Eisenberger, E. | MacDonald, Ada S. | Swales, Bradshaw Hall, 1875- | Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988 | Douglas, Frederic H. (Frederic Huntington), 1897-1956 | Cartwright, Willena Dutcher | Jones, Volney H. (Volney Hurt), 1903-1982 | Linton, Ralph, 1893-1953 | Cooper, John M. (John Montgomery), 1881-1949 | Caldwell, Joseph R.
Subject: Fieldwork | Ethnography | Ethnohistory | Anthropology | Archaeology | Shamanism | Scapulimancy | Treaties | Mounds | Basketry | Indian arts--North America | Place names | Museums | Ethnology
Extent: 18 folders
Description: This entry concerns materials relating to Speck's general study of Native American peoples, languages, and cultures east of the Mississippi, as well as to his activities as a consulted expert in the field. Includes Speck's miscellaneous notes on the southeast; notes on "tribal remnants" in the southeast; notes on shamanism in the northeast; notes on the 1941 symposium Man in Northeastern America; offprints, drafts, and synopses of the work of others, sometimes with Speck's notes, including several that were printed in Frederick Johnson's 1946 volume based on the symposium, Man in Northeastern North America; archaeological reports on southeastern pottery, mound sites, and the Georgia coast; a student's master's thesis on mound-builders; and letters from various correspondents regarding eastern Indian baskets, museum specimens, the sale of Indian art and specimens, the ethnohistory of the southeast, Indian place names, archaeological sites in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, scapulimancy, copies of Indian treaties from a museum in Nova Scotia, and other topics.
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Contributor: Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844 | Turner, George, 1750-1843 | Thorburn, John | Townsend, Thomas | Morris, J. Cheston (James Cheston), 1831-1923 | Sargent, Winthrop, 1753-1820 | Smith, Charles | Squier, E. G. (Ephraim George), 1821-1888 | Turner, George, 1750-1843 | Miller, Samuel | Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900 | Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823 | Forshey, Caleb Goldsmith, 1812-1881 | Hullihen, S. P. (Simon P.), 1810-1857 | Short, Charles Wilkins, 1794-1863 | Thomas, Isaiah, 1773-1835
Subject: Linguistics | Missions | Mounds | Inscriptions | Petroglyphs | Archaeology | Funeral rites and ceremonies
Extent: 28 items
Description: Items relating to materials about the Native peoples of Eastern North America. Topics include papers and articles, particularly those considered for publication (on the relation of pentagonal dodecahedron found near Marietta, Ohio, to shamanism; memoir on aboriginal monuments; memoir of Dr. Charles D. Meigs on bones and burial customs; multiple items regarding a letter from S. P. Hullihen to Dr. Richard Harlan regarding inscription on a stone found at Grave Creek near Wheeling, and Thomas Townsend's claim to prior publication rights to Grave Creek inscription; Caleb Forshey's paper describing a great mound in Adams County, Mississippi; Cushing's publication on exploration of ancient key dwellers' remains on the Gulf Coast of Florida; a response to Henry Phillips' article on supposed runic inscriptions at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia); requests for information or materials (Samuel Miller's request for copies of designated Indian vocabularies of Delaware, Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Osage, for training missionaries of United Foreign Missionary Society); donations to APS ("curiosities" taken from Indian grave near Cincinnati; relics and fossil shells found in Huntingdon County, West Virginia;"western productions"); Peter S. du Ponceau's work on Southern Indian languages and customs (including Creek, Natchez, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Yuchi), Indian vocabularies, and for APS; information from Judge William C. Frazer (Wisconsin Territory, Superior County), concerning discovery of burned bricks in Aztalan Mound, Jefferson County, Wisconsin; Cutler's estimation of age of Ohio mounds referred to in Barton (1787) using tree-ring dating; sketch of the plan of an ancient work three miles southeast of Lexington (Kentucky); American Antiquarian Society's plans to publish a volume on mounds based on Caleb Atwater's data; and comparative vocabularies of British Columbia tribes. Other individuals mentioned include Murray, Duralde, Colonel Smith, Benjamin Hawkins, Robley Dunglison, Isaac Lea, Benjamin W. Richards, George M. Wharton, Nathaniel Ware, General Wayne, Dr. Tolmie, George M. Dawson, and Abelard Tomlinson.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)
Contributor: Hildreth, Samuel P. (Samuel Prescott), 1783-1863 | Troost, Gerard, 1776-1850 | Drake, Daniel, 1785-1852 | Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864 | Sullivant, Joseph, 1809-1882 | Tappan, Benjamin, 1773-1857 | Clemens, James W. | Wood, William | Powell, W. Byrd (William Byrd), 1799-1866 | Peirson, A. L. (Abel Lawrence), 1794-1853
Subject: Grave robbing | Human remains | Phrenology | Skulls | Anthropometry | Funeral rites and ceremonies | Antiquities | Mounds | Archaeology
Extent: 21 items
Description: Letters mostly discussing grave robbing of Indigenous ancestors' remains and Morton's phrenological work. Topics include human and animal crania and skeletons that correspondents have and/or have sent to Morton; phrenological anaylsis of Indigenous ancestors' remains, attributing traits to various peoples based on skull formation; Native American burial sites and mortuary customs; excavation of Native mounds and descriptions of the objects and human remains found inside; discovery of mastadon skeletons; and speculation about Native American origins. Several letters relate to Ohio, Illinois, and the Upper Mississippi Valley. Peru and Mexico also mentioned.
Collection: Samuel George Morton Papers (Mss.B.M843)