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Algonquian | Massachusett
Language(s): English
Date: May 27, 1816; April 13, 1817; March 21, 1819; October 16, 1821; October 11, 1821; October 9, 1821; October 13, 1821; October 18, 1821; October 25, 1821
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 9 letters
Description: Concerns Indian linguistics including the Algonquian language family, translations, names of Indians, and a paper on "Indian linguistics" (the language has not been identified).
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Lenape | Mohawk | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Mohican | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English | German | Delaware | Unami
Date: 1781-1819 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 16 items
Description: These items includes notes, letters, and essays on the history, manners, and languages of Native Americans, particularly the Delawares, sent by Heckewelder to the Committee and to members of the American Philosophical Society. Contains answers to queries, historical material (such as the arrival of Europeans; relations between the Delawares and Six Nations), Indian speeches, replies to letters of Peter S. Du Ponceau, references to Swedish-Lenape translations, Indian writing, translations of English into Indian languages. Mentions Delaware informants, both named and unnamed.
Collection: Communications to the Historical and Literary Committee of the American Philosophical Society, 1816-1821 (Mss.970.1.H35c)

Lenape | Miami | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Piscataway | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English | French | Delaware | Munsee
Date: October 3, 1738; April 1756; March 10, 1778; January 13, 1788; March 4, 1856
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Materials include information relations with the colony of Pennsylvania; Pennsylvania's Indian affairs more generally, particularly Quaker involvement, embassies to Wyoming (PA) and elsewhere, and gifts for Indians; Indian relations with the federal government of the United States; Delaware materials in the Moravian Archives at Bethlehem and elsewhere; review of Du Ponceau's Delaware Grammar in Revue Encyclopedique; Place names; Heckewelder's Account of the Indian nations; Harrison's 1803 treaty with the Delawares and other Indians at Fort Wayne; Indian settlements in Ohio, and the difficulty of Christian Indians; a Delaware spelling book with vocabularies. Other individuals mentioned include Nookamis, "Sandusky Indian," Ettwein, Zeisberger, and Paul A.W. Wallace.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Arawak | Dakota | Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Nottoway | Seneca | Tuscarora | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Huron, Wendat
Language(s): English
Date: October 7, 1820; June 4, 1818; September 21, 1818; August 12, 1818; July 1, 1819; July 15, 1820
Subject: History | Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 6 letters
Description: Concerning vocabularies of Huron-Wyandot and Delaware. Mentions Steinhauer and Schulz, who has an Arawak dictionary. Heckewelder offers corrections to Du Ponceau's publication. Discusses Leatherlip's Huron-Wyandot identity. Claims Nottoway, Naudowessie, and Huron are the same. Recounts how Tuscarora broke from Haudenosaunee.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Haudenosaunee | Mohawk
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: December 7, 1822 - January 20, 1823
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 2 letters
Description: Discusses Indian meaning of Schenectady, using Zeisberger's Maqua dictionary.
Collection: George William Featherstonhaugh Papers (Mss.B.F31)

Mohawk | Onondaga
Language(s): English
Date: July 30, 1818
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 Letter
Description: Concerning his publication, Captain Pike's speech, and Zeisberger's manuscripts on Indian languages. Parts of the manuscript of the grammar and the dictionary are in the hand of Pyrlaeus; hence they are of Mohawk, rather than of Onondaga.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe | Mohican
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa
Language(s): English
Date: 1819-1821
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 letters
Description: Concerning the printing and distribution of his Dencke was retired from Upper Canada for drinking; Heckewelder can't ask him to do a grammar of the Chippewa using Zeisberger as a model. Discusses Indian vocabularies being collected by Du Ponceau. Sends vocabulary compiled from Carver (C) and Samuel White (S), a Nanticoke. Heckewelder has little knowledge of the Mahicanni [Mohican]; suggests missionary, Sargeant.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Haudenosaunee | Onondaga
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): Dutch | English | Onondaga
Date: 1928-1930
Extent: 1.5 linear feet
Description: The Onondaga materials in the Frans Olbrechts Papers consist of numerous items, primarily concentrated in "Series II: Onondaga." Noteworthy materials in this section include several voluminous notebooks (listed as items 2-4 in the series) containing Onondaga word and phrases lists and stories. For the notebooks that make up item 3, "Langauge and Grammar," pages 694-798 contain traditional names, with translations, organized according to clan and gender. Other items in this series include notes on midwinter ceremonies, as well as 3 boxes containing a lexical file of several thousand vocabulary slips derived from the content of the notebooks. In Series I, see Item "4: Handsome Lake materials," which includes several photograpsh of Onondaga people. Item 5, "Schoon Meer," includes one newspaper clipping on Chief Albert Schanandoah of the Onondaga, dated December 8, 1929. Item"6: Comparative relative pronouns," includes Onondaga vocabulary, as does item "10: Iroquoian languages lexical files." Finally, in Series III, see items 11 and 13.
Collection: Frans M. Olbrechts papers (Mss.497.3.OL2)

Onondaga
Language(s): English
Date: March 11, 1818; July 29, 1818
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 letters
Description: Forwards Zeisberger's book and a brief biography of him to the American Philosophical Society. Will send the Historical and Literary Committee papers dealing with Indian affairs, in the hands of Franklin, Weiser, Parsons, and Horsfield. Concerning an article by Zeisberger. Last half of an Onondaga dictionary done approximately 1764. Corrections for his publications. Is forwarding a dictionary, by Zeisberger, of the Indian languages. Part 1 of the dictionary has been found. It is to be returned, and the grammar too. Concerning Heckewelder's attitudes towards Indian cruelty and towards Du Ponceau's rewriting the book.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)