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Algonquian | Massachusett
Language(s): English
Date: May 27, 1816; April 13, 1817; March 21, 1819; October 16, 1821; October 11, 1821; October 9, 1821; October 13, 1821; October 18, 1821; October 25, 1821
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 9 letters
Description: Concerns Indian linguistics including the Algonquian language family, translations, names of Indians, and a paper on "Indian linguistics" (the language has not been identified).
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Delaware | Mohawk | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Mohican | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English | German | Delaware | Unami
Date: 1781-1819 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 16 items
Description: These items includes notes, letters, and essays on the history, manners, and languages of Native Americans, particularly the Delawares, sent by Heckewelder to the Committee and to members of the American Philosophical Society. Contains answers to queries, historical material (such as the arrival of Europeans; relations between the Delawares and Six Nations), Indian speeches, replies to letters of Peter S. Du Ponceau, references to Swedish-Lenape translations, Indian writing, translations of English into Indian languages. Mentions Delaware informants, both named and unnamed.
Collection: Communications to the Historical and Literary Committee of the American Philosophical Society, 1816-1821 (Mss.970.1.H35c)

Delaware | Miami | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Piscataway | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English | French | Delaware | Munsee
Date: October 3, 1738; April 1756; March 10, 1778; January 13, 1788; March 4, 1856
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Relavent materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Materials include information relations with the colony of Pennsylvania; Pennsylvania's Indian affairs more generally, particularly Quaker involvement, embassies to Wyoming (PA) and elsewhere, and gifts for Indians; Indian relations with the federal government of the United States; Delaware materials in the Moravian Archives at Bethlehem and elsewhere; review of Du Ponceau's Delaware Grammar in Revue Encyclopedique; Place names; Heckewelder's Account of the Indian nations; Harrison's 1803 treaty with the Delawares and other Indians at Fort Wayne; Indian settlements in Ohio, and the difficulty of Christian Indians; a Delaware spelling book with vocabularies. Other individuals mentioned include Nookamis, "Sandusky Indian," Ettwein, Zeisberger, and Paul A.W. Wallace.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)

Delaware
Language(s): English
Date: August 21, 1857; April 2, 1857; April 17, 1857; April 30, 1857; 1859-1860
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters; 1 dictionary
Description: Concerning Joseph Henry's efforts to get funding to study Native languages. Only unperishable sciences received aid from the Smithsonian. The government was "fleeced" by Schoolcraft in his study of Indian languages. Suggests joint support for Matthew S. Henry in his study by the Pennsylvania and Maryland Historical Societies, and the Smithsonian and the United States government. Asks if secretary of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania will notify the Maryland Historical Society of plans to aid Matthew S. Henry in his study of Delaware Indian linguistics (money to go through Historical Society of Pennsylvania), then J. Henry Alexander and the Smithsonian might aid too. The completed dictionary, based on various printed authorities (Zeisberger, Heckewelder, etc.). Contains a separate dictionary of Place names organized by states. Maps of Maryland-New Jersey only.
Collection: English-Lenni Lenape and Lenni Lenape-English dictionary (Mss.497.33.H39)

Onondaga | Haudenosaunee
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English | Onondaga
Date: circa 1887
Type:Text
Genre: Essays | Grammars
Extent: 46 pages
Description: This item was John W. Jordan's copy of Moravian missionary David Zeisberger's "Essay of an Onondaga grammar…", which Jordan edited and published in four parts in multiple issues of the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography in 1888. Originally interleaved with letters from: William N. Beauchamp, Eben N. Horsford, Isaac Craig, Horatio Hale, De Cost Smith, Daniel G. Brinton, and Albert Cusiek.
Collection: Essay of an Onondaga grammar; or A short introduction to learn the Onondaga al. Maqua tongue / [edited by John W. Jordan] (Mss.497.3.Z3e.c2)

Arawak | Dakota | Delaware | Haudenosaunee | Nottoway | Seneca | Tuscarora | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Huron, Wendat
Language(s): English
Date: October 7, 1820; June 4, 1818; September 21, 1818; August 12, 1818; July 1, 1819; July 15, 1820
Subject: History | Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 6 letters
Description: Concerning vocabularies of Huron-Wyandot and Delaware. Mentions Steinhauer and Schulz, who has an Arawak dictionary. Heckewelder offers corrections to Du Ponceau's publication. Discusses Leatherlip's Huron-Wyandot identity. Claims Nottoway, Naudowessie, and Huron are the same. Recounts how Tuscarora broke from Haudenosaunee.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Nanticoke | Delaware | Onondaga
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English | German
Date: 1741-1822
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: Materials from the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. These papers include letters, reports, and journals relating to Indians, Moravian missions, and communities at Salem (N.C.), Bethlehem (Pa.), and Gnadenhütten, Muskingum, and Fairfield in Upper Canada. Also included are personal correspondence and an autobiography. Contains 86 letters, journals, reports, etc., pertaining to the travels and missionary activities of Heckewelder, mostly in German. Also includes 7 journals, memoranda, and miscellaneous materials of David Zeisberger, pertaining to his years with Indians. Many of the former materials were utilized and published by Paul A. W. Wallace (1958); the latter includes Zeisberger's Memoranda on Indians; Journey to the Six Nations, Nanticokes and Shawanees in April, 1752, to July, 1752; Conrad Weiser, Observations made on the pamphlet entitled "An enquiry ... [1759]"; Birth records for the 1780s at Friedenshutten and Gnadenhütten; Catalogue of Indians baptized by the United Brethren, 1765-1814 (721 names); and a memorandum of Zeisberger on the Onondaga.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters and manuscripts (Mss.Film.514)

Haudenosaunee | Mohawk
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Language(s): English
Date: December 7, 1822 - January 20, 1823
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 2 letters
Description: Discusses Indian meaning of Schenectady, using Zeisberger's Maqua dictionary.
Collection: George William Featherstonhaugh Papers (Mss.B.F31)

Mohawk | Onondaga
Language(s): English
Date: July 30, 1818
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 Letter
Description: Concerning his publication, Captain Pike's speech, and Zeisberger's manuscripts on Indian languages. Parts of the manuscript of the grammar and the dictionary are in the hand of Pyrlaeus; hence they are of Mohawk, rather than of Onondaga.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe | Mohican
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa
Language(s): English
Date: 1819-1821
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 letters
Description: Concerning the printing and distribution of his Dencke was retired from Upper Canada for drinking; Heckewelder can't ask him to do a grammar of the Chippewa using Zeisberger as a model. Discusses Indian vocabularies being collected by Du Ponceau. Sends vocabulary compiled from Carver (C) and Samuel White (S), a Nanticoke. Heckewelder has little knowledge of the Mahicanni [Mohican]; suggests missionary, Sargeant.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)