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Culture: Anishinaabe | Ojibwe | Potawatomi | Ho-Chunk | Meskwaki | Dakota | Menominee | Stockbridge-Munsee | Oneida | Iowa
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa, Winnebago, Sac, Sauk, Fox, Sioux, Chiwere, Ioway
Contributor: Houghton, Douglass, 1809-1845 | Wheaton, W. | Pitcher, Zina, 1797-1872 | Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864
Subject: Grave robbing | Human remains | Phrenology | Skulls | Treaties | Michigan--History | Anthropometry
Extent: 4 items
Description: Letters discussing grave robbing of Indigenous ancestors' remains and observations of contemporary Native people. Houghton has been among Winnebago, Sacs, Foxes, and Sioux; can get Pottawatomi, Winnebago, and Chippewa skulls, but to get to know personages may take longer; Pitcher is sending sketch to go with a skull. Dr. Wheaton, evidently an army surgeon, spent 1822-1827 at Sault Ste. Marie, then at Mackinaw and Green Bay; consumption infrequent among soldiers, French residents, and Indians, which he attributes to the dry cold climate there; recommends such as treatment for sufferers. Pitcher resigned his Army job for private practice and to assist in forming the medical department of the new University of Michigan. He will send Chippewa skulls to help Morton "build up something like an American Golgotha." Schoolcraft advises Morton to come to Mackinac for treaty payments, where he can see Indians, and suggests a route he can take west to see more Indians. Mentions Chippewa, Menominee, Winnebagos, Stockbridge (Mohegan), Brothertowns, Oneidas, Sioux, Iowa, Sac and Fox Indians.
Collection: Samuel George Morton Papers (Mss.B.M843)
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa
Contributor: McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859 | Lewis, James Otto, 1799-1858 | Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 | Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849
Extent: 3 volumes, 29 watercolor illustrations
Description: A record of a journey undertaken by Thomas L. McKenney and Lewis Cass, from Washington, D.C., to Fond du Lac, Wisc., to negotiate a treaty with the Chippewa and other Indians. McKenney, the Superindenant of Indian Affairs, includes an account of travel on the Great Lakes and a description of the "character" and customs of the Chippewa Indians, an account of the treaty of Fond du Lac, and a vocabulary of the Algic or Chippewa language. The manuscript, a fair copy of the original sent to a London publisher, is illustrated throughout with watercolor sketches of scenes and persons. It was originally published in Baltimore in 1827. Schoolcraft-Gallatin Chippewa vocabulary appears at beginning, but the manuscript lacks appendices found in the printed text. Watercolors are different in small details, superior in color to printed text.
Collection: Sketches of a Tour to the Lakes (Mss.917.7.M19)