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Alternate forms: Iroquois
Contributor: Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950 | Congdon, Charles E. (Charles Edwin), 1877- | Deardorff, Merle H., 1890-1971 | Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005 | Isserman, Ferdinand M. (Ferdinand Myron), 1898-1972 | Luongo, James M. | Redeye, Clara | Clark, Evangeline | William, Spencer F. | White, Clayton | Cornplanter, Jesse J. | Redeye, Sherman
Subject: Anthropology | Ethnography | Linguistics | Social life and customs | Funeral rites and ceremonies | Dance | Rites and ceremonies | Religion | Masks | Medicine | Place names | Folklore | Oklahoma--History | Specimens
Extent: 16 folders
Description: Materials relating to Speck's interest in Seneca language, history, and culture. Several folders contain correspondence, including one with six letters from Jesse Cornplanter to Speck and others on topics such as his religious beliefs and changes in the way of life; praising Speck; pay for Native consultants; sending Christmas greetings; and husk faces. Other correspondence includes letters from Charles E. Congdon concerning Coldspring Longhouse ceremonies, use of stick and post in dance, Tonawanda and Cattaraugus medicines, congratulating Speck on his Iroquois (1945), describing Alleghany ceremonials, and giving a sketch of the arrangement of participants; from James M. Luongo concerning Seneca and other specimens; from Clara Redeye transmitting a 1941 picture of four generations and sending dolls; from Spencer F. William, a Seneca writer seeking work; from Evangeline Clark sending thanks for reprints, which she had sent to Suffolk University; from Merle H. Deardorff concerning consultant Clayton White, Pennsylvania place names, Speck (1942), and a lengthy discussion of the practices of Handsome Lake adherents; and from Speck to Deardorff concerning an Iroquois conference at Allegany. Other folders contain William N. Fenton's Seneca ceremonial calendar from Coldspring, 131 pages of organized, detailed field notes on ceremonies; Congdon's 4-page essay comparing the religion of Handsome Lake with Judaism and Greco-Roman spirits; Clayton White's description of the one-year death feast; Clayton White's description of a False Face Dance at Coldspring Long House, taken for Deardorff; Speck's miscellaneous notes containing words and two letters from Sherman Redeye to Speck concerning corn-husk masks; Speck's notes on the Oklahoma Seneca with an outline of ceremonials and a chart, with special attention to dances and funerary practices; and Ferdinand Isserman's student paper "Mythology of Seneca Indians."
Collection: Frank G. Speck Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.126)
Alternate forms: Iroquois
Date: Bulk 1930s-1990s
Contributor: Abrams, George H. J. | Carpenter, Edmund, 1922-2011 | Cornplanter, Jesse J. | Fenton, William N., (William Nelson), 1908-2005 | Gibson, Simeon | Hauptman, Laurence M. | Heron, George D. | Jimerson, Dan M. | Lamb, Gerald | Lazarus, Arthur, Jr. | Ledsome, Thelma | Preston, Jack | Printup, Maribel | Printup, Wayne | Redeye, Clara | Redeye, Sherman | Seneca, Cornelius B. | Seneca, Martin | Seneca, Pauline | Seneca Nation of Indians | Seneca-Iroquois National Museum | Sonosky, Marvin J. | Tooker, Elisabeth, 1927-2004 | Waters, Somerset R. | Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988
Subject: Botany | Kinship | Material culture | Medicine | Museums | New York (State)--History | Ontario--History | Place names | Politics and government | Rites and ceremonies | Social life and customs | Wampum
Extent: 15+ linear feet
Description: Seneca materials make up the majority of the Fenton papers and can be found throughout all sections of the collection. Series I contains correspondence with numerous people on Seneca matters. Noteworthy Seneca correspondents include Simeon Gibson, Clara Redeye, Sherman Redeye, and other individuals such as those listed above. The largest body of material is in Series V, which includes Fenton's notebooks and other documentation from field work at Allegany, Cattaraugus, Tonawanda, and Grand River, beginning in the 1930s through late in his career. This section also includes extensive card files on "Materia Medica" or ethnobotanical information, and Seneca place names. Series VI consists of over 1000 photographs, the majority of which are from Seneca communities in the 1930s-1950s. Series VIII includes additional field notes and other materials derived mainly from his 1930s fieldwork. Significant portions of these materials may be restricted due to cultural sensitivity, as Fenton's materials frequently pertain to areas of sacred traditional knowledge.
Collection: William N. Fenton papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.20)