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Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Contributor: Bard, Peter | Croghan, George, 1720?-1782 | Johnson, William, 1715-1774 | Mercer, Hugh, approximately 1725-1777 | Orndt, Jacob | Hamilton, James, 1710-1783 | Trump, Levi | Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775 | Penn, Richard, 1706-1771 | Spangenberg, Joseph
Subject: Pennsylvania--History | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 | Warfare | Land claims | Land transfers | Moravians | Missions | Diplomacy | Treaties | Ohio--History | Louisiana--History
Extent: 15 items
Description: Materials relating to Pennsylvania's relations with Delawares during the Seven Years' War era. Topics include provisions for Native allies; addresses by Native diplomats like Teedyuscung and representatives of Indians in Ohio; Teedyuscung's charges of land fraud and the Penns' rebuttal; a passport for Teedyuscung; Quaker support for Teedyuscung and involvement in Indian affairs; Quakers' address to the Governor and Council of Pennsylvania vindicating themselves from blame for Indian attacks; 1758 plans for a treaty with the Six Nations and Delawares; other councils or meetings with Native individuals or groups; prices in Indian trade; sending out to Indians to bring in scalps; a first-person account, copied from and referring to other manuscripts, regarding trade on Ohio, history of Louisiana, French and Indian relations; Spangenberg's refutal of a charge that Moravian Indians are friendly with the French; instructions to Conrad Weiser for a 1754 trip to Augwick to determine sentiments of Six Nations, Delawares, Shawnees, Miamis, and Wyandots. Individuals mentioned include Iegra, Delaware George, Tanacharison, and Scarroyady.
Collection: Indian and Military Affairs of Pennsylvania, 1737-1775 (Mss.974.8.P19)
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Contributor: Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 | Johnson, William, 1715-1774 | Post, Christian Frederick, 1710?-1785
Subject: Pennsylvania--History | Diplomacy | Politics and government | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 | Ohio--History
Extent: 10 items
Description: Various items relating to Delaware-Pennsylvania relations in the 1750s including the first and second treaties at Easton; five council meetings held at Philadelphia; journal of Christian Frederick Post in his journey from Philadelphia to the Ohio; Charles Thompson's "An enquiry into the causes of the alienation of the Delaware and Shawanese"; and a letter from Sir William Johnson to James Abercrombie regarding his peace with the Delawares. Individuals mentioned include Teedyuscung, Conrad Weiser, Robert Hunter Morris, Governor Denny, Benjamin Franklin, Governor Morris, Richard Peters, Iagrea, Captain Newcastle, Barbet ("a Mohock"), John Pumpshire ("Jersey Indian"), Scarroyady, Andrew Montour, Daniel Claus, George Croghan, and Indian messengers Nathanial, Zacharias, and Christian.
Collection: Manuscripts on Indian affairs (Mss.970.4.M415)
Contributor: Collinson, Peter, 1694-1768 | Johnson, William, 1715-1774 | Pettit, Charles, 1736-1806 | Stiles, Ezra, 1727-1795 | Kent, Benjamin, 1708-1788 | Timothy, Peter, 1725?-1782 | La Rochefoucauld-d'Enville, Louis-Alexandre, duc de, 1743-1792 | Morgan, George, 1743-1810 | Bancroft, Edward, 1744-1821
Subject: United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Canada--History--To 1763 (New France) | Land transfers | Land claims | Medicine | Mounds | Kentucky--History | Québec (Province)--History | South Carolina--History
Extent: 9 items
Description: Letters between various correspondents regarding Indian affairs. Topics include French intrigues during Seven Years' War era; sale of liquor to Indians and consequent disorders; relations with western Indians and action needed by Congress of Confederation in early national period; ancient fortifications discovered at the junction of Muskingum and Ohio, as well as in Kentucky; South Carolina governor's bad management of Indian affairs; discovery of root which cures gout; land sales and grants; Indians' title to lands, implications of papal decrees and Quebec Act.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)
Culture: Haudenosaunee | Delaware | Shawnee | Susquehannock | Conoy | Cayuga | Seneca | Onondaga | Mohican | Mohawk | Tuscarora
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Iroquois, Lenape, Ohio Indians
Contributor: Bladen, Thomas, 1698 – 1780 | Charles, Robert | Clinton, George, 1739-1812 | Cresap, Thomas, 1694?-1790? | Gale, Levin, approximately 1704-1774 | Hamilton, James, 1710-1783 | Lee, Thomas, 1690-1750 | Logan, James, 1674-1751 | Penn, William, 1644-1718 | Peters, Richard, 1704-1776 | Thomas, George, 1695?-1774 | Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760 | Schuyler, Myndert | Johnson, William, 1715-1774 | Norris, Isaac, 1701-1766 | Gooch, William, Sir, 1681-1751
Subject: Diplomacy | Treaties | Pennsylvania--History | New York (State)--History | Maryland--History | Canada--History--To 1763 (New France) | Land claims | Land transfers | Virginia--History | Ohio--History
Extent: 52 items
Description: Correspondence and other materials relating to Indian affairs. Topics include diplomacy with Six Nations, including various delegations to and from the Six Nations, diplomatic gifts and expenses, and Maryland's efforts to treat with anxieties about French intrigues, overtures, and inroads on Indian loyalty; land claims and disputes; Lancaster Treaty of 1744; two Delaware Indians accused of murder; Ohio Company; Indians' tensions with Virginians; and Indians in Ohio. Individuals (other than contributors) mentioned include Hotquantgoehle, Shickellamy, Andrew Montour, George Croghan, Colonel Burnett, Canasadego, Lord Cornbury, Indian Harry, Allumapis, and Lapaghpitton.
Collection: Selections from the correspondence of the Honourable James Logan, 1699-1750 (Mss.B.L82)
Date: September 2, 1761; 1742; July 1, 1756; February 13, 1756
Contributor: Brodhead, Charles | Dioga | Johnson, William, 1715-1774 | Newcastle, Captain | Parsons, William, 1701-1757 | Spangenberg, August Gottlieb, 1704-1792 | Weiser, Conrad, 1696-1760
Extent: 4 letters
Description: In sections 2:437, 1:155, 1:103-106. Dioga, French, and Iroquois threats; attacks planned; danger to life of Brodhead. Names of the Indians present at the treaty held at Philadelphia, July 1742. Pockschnos, the Shawanese chief has gone to a council at Sir William Johnson's. Treaty session at Carlisle with the Six Nations.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (Mss.974.8.H78)
Alternate forms: Conestoga, Lenape
Date: October 22, 1730; November 8, 1755; July 20, 1758; 1759; February 4, 1764; August 9, 1766; February 9, 1769; February 10, 1769; October 23, 1784; March 2, 1787; 1951;
Contributor: Ellicott, Andrew, 1754-1820 | Johnson, William, 1715-1774 | Logan, James, 1674-1751 | Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 | Penn, John, 1729-1795 | Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775 | Scull, William, active 1765 | Witthoft, John
Subject: Surveying | Land transfers | Land claims | Land grants | Great Britain. Treaties, etc. Six Nations, 1768 November 5 | Diplomacy | Treaties | Boundaries | Boundaries | Indian captivities | Paxton Boys | Pennsylvania--History | United States--History--French and Indian War, 1754-1763 | Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 | Excavations | Archaeology | Graves | Grave robbing
Extent: 12 items
Description: Materials can be found in the finding aid under the specific dates listed. Mostly eighteenth-century correspondence regarding Pennsylvania Indian affairs. Topics include purchasing Indian lands; surveying Indian lands, including those acquired through the Treaty of Fort Stanwix; surveying Proprietary lands without offending Native neigbhors; settling boundaries with Native neighbors; colonists taken captive during Seven Years' War era; the Paxton Boys' rebellion, massacre at Susquehannock, and the killing of Susquehannock refugees; a 1759 list of Native groups clothed at Pittsburgh, with information about where they reside and hunt; and diplomacy (i.e., trying to secure Native allies) during Seven Years' War era. Also Witthoft's 1951 "The Pemberton Family Cemetary," containing a narrative of the excavation of cemetery at Pennsbury with burials of Pemberton family, 1683-1802 as well as a murdered Indian (before 1705) and white pauper of later date. Individuals mentioned include Scarroyady, Isaac Pemberton, Joseph Shippen, and David the Indian.
Collection: Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection (Mss.Ms.Coll.200)