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Algonquian
Language(s): English
Date: n.d., circa 1857; December 31, 1859-February 7, 1860; January 9, 1860; January 22, 1860
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters
Description: Concerning Place names and names of rivers in Maryland and New England. Reference to work on Algonquin dialects and report to Rhode Island Historical Society.
Collection: Matthew Schropp Henry Correspondence on Indian Names (Mss.497.3.H39)

Delaware | Onondaga | Munsee | Haudenosaunee | Arawak | Natchez | Yuchi | Ojibwe | Mahican
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English | Delaware | Onondaga | Munsee
Date: 1800-1893
Type:Text
Extent: 21 items
Description: Items relating to Delaware materials at the American Philosophical Society. Topics include requests for materials (a loan of a map of the "Indian Walk," or Walking Purchase, 1737; the Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathens wants the return of documents deposited by the Brethren for Heckewelder as listed in the Transactions of the Historical and Literary Committee of the American Philosophical Society 1); requests for information (on David Zeisberger as a missionary to the Indians); of materials (Zeisberger's Delaware grammar; John G. E. Heckewelder's paper on Personal names; Heckewelder's edits in case of a second edition of his Account of the Indian nations (1819)); donated materials (Roth's "Life of Christ" in Delaware, #1176; a French translation of Heckewelder's account done by Chevalier John Du Ponceau; materials from Heckwelder himself; documents relating to the Paxton boys from Samuel Fisher; authentic extracts of official Swedish papers relative to their settlements in America as well as translations of extracts of Acrelius (1759)); Heckewelder's Delaware grammar and work in general; a list of botanical names with equivalents in Delaware, Onondaga, and occasionally Munsee; Matthew S. Henry's work on a dictionary of Place names (#1164) and his comparison of Heckwelder and Rev. Jesse Vogler; and Peter S. du Ponceau's own work on Native languages (mentions Delaware, Arawak, Natchez, Yuchi, Ojibwe, and Mahican) and his work for the APS. Other individuals mentioned include Robert M. Patterson, Zaccheus Collins, Mathew Carey, Daniel G. Brinton, Sir William Johnson, Severin Lorich, Charles Pickering, Samuel S. Haldeman, Rev. der Schweinitz, Usher Parsons, and John Vaughan.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Delaware
Language(s): English
Date: December 22, 1859
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 letter
Description: Concerns Delaware Indians' language. Seeks aid of a Philadelphian in translating Place names. Sends notes on his work.
Collection: John Fries Frazer Papers (Mss.B.F865)

Delaware
Language(s): English
Date: March 19, 1857; Circa 1857-1859; October 18, 1859
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters
Description: Concerning Powhatan and Lenni Lenape place names. Mentions Joseph Henry and Henry Schoolcraft. Concerning Streeter's and John Henry Alexander's efforts to obtain financial support of Henry's study from Joseph Henry of the Smithsonian Institution. Too busy to work on hobby of Indian languages; no help from Maryland Historical Society on publication.
Collection: Matthew Schropp Henry Correspondence on Indian Names (Mss.497.3.H39)

Delaware
Language(s): English
Date: August 21, 1857; April 2, 1857; April 17, 1857; April 30, 1857; 1859-1860
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters; 1 dictionary
Description: Concerning Joseph Henry's efforts to get funding to study Native languages. Only unperishable sciences received aid from the Smithsonian. The government was "fleeced" by Schoolcraft in his study of Indian languages. Suggests joint support for Matthew S. Henry in his study by the Pennsylvania and Maryland Historical Societies, and the Smithsonian and the United States government. Asks if secretary of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania will notify the Maryland Historical Society of plans to aid Matthew S. Henry in his study of Delaware Indian linguistics (money to go through Historical Society of Pennsylvania), then J. Henry Alexander and the Smithsonian might aid too. The completed dictionary, based on various printed authorities (Zeisberger, Heckewelder, etc.). Contains a separate dictionary of Place names organized by states. Maps of Maryland-New Jersey only.
Collection: English-Lenni Lenape and Lenni Lenape-English dictionary (Mss.497.33.H39)

Powhatan
Language(s): English
Date: February 8, 1857
Type:Text
Extent: 1 Letter
Description: Concerning Powhatan place names. Refuses aid for Henry to visit Canada to study languages of Indians. Refers to Heckewelder.
Collection: Matthew Schropp Henry Correspondence on Indian Names (Mss.497.3.H39)

Susquehannock
Alternate forms: Conestoga
Language(s): English
Date: January 14, 1858
Type:Text
Extent: 1 letter
Description: Is writing a history of the Susquehannocks. Concerning possible publication of work on Place names.
Collection: Matthew Schropp Henry Correspondence on Indian Names (Mss.497.3.H39)