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Choctaw | Chickasaw
Language(s): English
Date: 1870; 1888
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 2 items
Description: Two items relating to Choctaw materials. The first is Joseph Henry's letter to J. Peter Lesley, explaining that Smithsonian Institution once had the original of Cyrus Byington's Choctaw manuscript, but it was withdrawn for revision and later sent in by [Daniel Garrison?] Brinton. The revision was unacceptable and the Smithsonian relinquishes its claim. The other item is C.W. Marston's letter to the secretary of the American Philosophical Society requesting a History of Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians, with a reference to Cyrus Byington's grammar of the Choctaw.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: March 19, 1857; Circa 1857-1859; October 18, 1859
Type:Text
Extent: 4 letters
Description: Concerning Powhatan and Lenni Lenape place names. Mentions Joseph Henry and Henry Schoolcraft. Concerning Streeter's and John Henry Alexander's efforts to obtain financial support of Henry's study from Joseph Henry of the Smithsonian Institution. Too busy to work on hobby of Indian languages; no help from Maryland Historical Society on publication.
Collection: Matthew Schropp Henry Correspondence on Indian Names (Mss.497.3.H39)

Language(s): English
Date: October 27, 1855
Type:Text
Extent: 1 letter
Description: Objects to Frazer's hostile anonymous review of recent Smithsonian work on ethnology (Antiquities of Wisconsin), because of Frazer's lack of knowledge of ethnology.
Collection: John Fries Frazer Papers (Mss.B.F865)

Language(s): English
Date: 1797-1898
Type:Text
Extent: 19 items
Description: Miscellaneous materials pertaining to American Indians. Topics include "Indian antiquities"; Material culture; "Welsh Indians"; requests to borrow or consult materials housed at the proposed loans of items to the Smithsonian Institution and to the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago; papers being prepared or published; and publications forwarded by or presented to the APS. Specific items of particular interest include the "Report of the committee appointed to draw up rules and regulations for 'a standing committee for collecting information as to the antiquities of North America'"; "Concerning inquiries to be made by Major Long of the Indians," four sets of queries Long is to pose to Native groups; and a book Robert Waln identifies as Chinese, and suggests its being found among American Indians indicates either trade or Chinese origin of Indians. No specific indigenous group mentioned. Individuals mentioned include J. Peter Lesley, Hugh Henry Brackenridge, Schoolcraft, Alice Fletcher, Horatio Hale, Alexander von Humboldt, Albert Gallatin, Champlain, Dr. Samuel Brown, Dr. Robert M. Patterson, and Robert Walsh.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Chippewa
Language(s): English | French | Ojibwe
Date: 1831-1886
Type:Text
Extent: 10 items
Description: Materials relating to Ojibwe language and culture at the American Philosophical Society. Topics include George Antoine Belcourt's French-Ojibwe dictionary, particularly plans for its the presentation of Belcourt's memoir by the Smithsonian; a recent fire at the Smithsonian requiring $200,000 in repair work; Edwin James' Chippewa New Testament and his desire to publish a Chippewa grammar under the auspices of the APS; Walter James Hoffman's work at White Earth, Minnesota, where observed the Grand Medicine (Medawin) dance in detail and collected pictographic records of same on birch bark; Thomas L. McKenney's donation of a manuscript of McKenney (1827), out of respect to John Vaughan and the APS. Other individuals mentioned include Stephen H. Long, Ferdinand V. Hayden, J. Peter Lesley, Pliny E. Chase, and Judge William C. Frazer (Superior County, Wisconsin Territory).
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)