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Lenape | Onondaga | Munsee | Haudenosaunee | Arawak | Natchez | Yuchi | Ojibwe | Mahican
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English | Delaware | Onondaga | Munsee
Date: 1800-1893
Type:Text
Extent: 21 items
Description: Items relating to Delaware materials at the American Philosophical Society. Topics include requests for materials (a loan of a map of the "Indian Walk," or Walking Purchase, 1737; the Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel Among the Heathens wants the return of documents deposited by the Brethren for Heckewelder as listed in the Transactions of the Historical and Literary Committee of the American Philosophical Society 1); requests for information (on David Zeisberger as a missionary to the Indians); of materials (Zeisberger's Delaware grammar; John G. E. Heckewelder's paper on Personal names; Heckewelder's edits in case of a second edition of his Account of the Indian nations (1819)); donated materials (Roth's "Life of Christ" in Delaware, #1176; a French translation of Heckewelder's account done by Chevalier John Du Ponceau; materials from Heckwelder himself; documents relating to the Paxton boys from Samuel Fisher; authentic extracts of official Swedish papers relative to their settlements in America as well as translations of extracts of Acrelius (1759)); Heckewelder's Delaware grammar and work in general; a list of botanical names with equivalents in Delaware, Onondaga, and occasionally Munsee; Matthew S. Henry's work on a dictionary of Place names (#1164) and his comparison of Heckwelder and Rev. Jesse Vogler; and Peter S. du Ponceau's own work on Native languages (mentions Delaware, Arawak, Natchez, Yuchi, Ojibwe, and Mahican) and his work for the APS. Other individuals mentioned include Robert M. Patterson, Zaccheus Collins, Mathew Carey, Daniel G. Brinton, Sir William Johnson, Severin Lorich, Charles Pickering, Samuel S. Haldeman, Rev. der Schweinitz, Usher Parsons, and John Vaughan.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Archives (APS.Archives)

Lenape | Munsee
Language(s): Delaware | English | Munsee
Date: 1792, 1819, and undated
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 14 pages
Description: The Delaware materials in this collection consist of manuscript Vocabularies listed in the finding aid as items 17, 20, 21, 22a, 22b, 35, and 37.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection    (Mss.497.V85)

Lenape | Mohawk | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Mohican | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English | German | Delaware | Unami
Date: 1781-1819 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 16 items
Description: These items includes notes, letters, and essays on the history, manners, and languages of Native Americans, particularly the Delawares, sent by Heckewelder to the Committee and to members of the American Philosophical Society. Contains answers to queries, historical material (such as the arrival of Europeans; relations between the Delawares and Six Nations), Indian speeches, replies to letters of Peter S. Du Ponceau, references to Swedish-Lenape translations, Indian writing, translations of English into Indian languages. Mentions Delaware informants, both named and unnamed.
Collection: Communications to the Historical and Literary Committee of the American Philosophical Society, 1816-1821 (Mss.970.1.H35c)

Miami
Language(s): English | Miami-Illinois
Date: 1798, 1802, and undated
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 33 pages
Description: The Miami materials in this collection consist of manuscripts listed in the finding aid as items 3, 9, 20, 21/22b, and 22/22a. These include Vocabularies recorded directly from the Miami leader Little Turtle and another "taken down by means of a White Woman who had been 20 Years a Prisoner with that Nation."
Collection: American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection    (Mss.497.V85)

Mohican
Language(s): English | Mahican
Date: circa 1820s
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 6 pages
Description: The Mohican materials in this collection consist of manuscripts listed in the finding aid as items 21 and 22b: "Comparative vocabulary of the Delaware, Minsi, Mohicon, Natick, Chippeway, Shawanoe [i.e. Miami], and Nanticoke languages."
Collection: American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection    (Mss.497.V85)

Mohican | Cherokee | Lenape | Shawnee
Language(s): Mahican | English | Cherokee | Delaware
Date: 1980-1986
Type:Text
Description: The Mohican materials in the Siebert Papers consists primarily of secondary sources in Series IV and VII. Siebert's work on Mohican langage can be found in Series V. Of special interest is "Mahican Writings from the Moravian Archives" and vocabulary copied from Thomas Jefferson's word list.
Collection: Frank Siebert Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.97)

Lenape | Nottoway
Date: 1840
Subject: Botany | Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 volume, 11 p.
Description: This small manuscript volume contains a brief vocabulary written down by John Wood "from an old Indian Woman of the name of Edie Turner the 4th of March 1820"; together with newsclipping, Petersburg, Virginia, March 17, identifying informant and relating Nottoway, Powhatan and Welsh. The vocabulary is listed by semantic categories "Of the Universe; Of the Human Species; Of Animals; Vegetable Kingdom; Division of Time; Domestic Essays; Adjectives; Verbs." Marginal comparisons with Tuscarora, Onondaga, Wyandot, Delaware, etc., probably by Peter S. Du Ponceau. [See also letters of Jefferson to Du Ponceau, July 7, 1820; Du Ponceau to Jefferson, July 12, 1820.] This item is bound with a list of the Latin and botanical names of the plants, prepared by Christian Frederick Kampman, and with John Wood, "Vocabulary of the language of the Nottoway Tribe of Indians..." (1820).
Collection: Nottoway, Lenape, and Algonquian vocabularies (Mss.497.3.W85)

Nanticoke
Language(s): English | Nanticoke
Date: 1792 and undated
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 14 pages
Description: The Nanticoke materials in this collection consist of manuscripts listed in the finding aid as items 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22a, and 22b. These are primarily manuscript Vocabularies in a variety of forms.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection    (Mss.497.V85)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe
Alternate forms: Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway
Language(s): Chippewa | English
Date: circa 1820s
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 9 pages
Description: The Chippewa or Ojibwe materials in this collection consist of manuscript Vocabularies listed in the finding aid as items 20, 21, 22a, and 22b.
Collection: American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection    (Mss.497.V85)