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Algonquian | Massachusett
Language(s): English
Date: May 27, 1816; April 13, 1817; March 21, 1819; October 16, 1821; October 11, 1821; October 9, 1821; October 13, 1821; October 18, 1821; October 25, 1821
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 9 letters
Description: Concerns Indian linguistics including the Algonquian language family, translations, names of Indians, and a paper on "Indian linguistics" (the language has not been identified).
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Lenape | Mohawk | Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Mohican | Nanticoke
Alternate forms: Lenape, Iroquois
Language(s): English | German | Delaware | Unami
Date: 1781-1819 and undated
Type:Text
Extent: 16 items
Description: These items includes notes, letters, and essays on the history, manners, and languages of Native Americans, particularly the Delawares, sent by Heckewelder to the Committee and to members of the American Philosophical Society. Contains answers to queries, historical material (such as the arrival of Europeans; relations between the Delawares and Six Nations), Indian speeches, replies to letters of Peter S. Du Ponceau, references to Swedish-Lenape translations, Indian writing, translations of English into Indian languages. Mentions Delaware informants, both named and unnamed.
Collection: Communications to the Historical and Literary Committee of the American Philosophical Society, 1816-1821 (Mss.970.1.H35c)

Arawak | Dakota | Lenape | Haudenosaunee | Nottoway | Seneca | Tuscarora | Wyandot
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Huron, Wendat
Language(s): English
Date: October 7, 1820; June 4, 1818; September 21, 1818; August 12, 1818; July 1, 1819; July 15, 1820
Subject: History | Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 6 letters
Description: Concerning vocabularies of Huron-Wyandot and Delaware. Mentions Steinhauer and Schulz, who has an Arawak dictionary. Heckewelder offers corrections to Du Ponceau's publication. Discusses Leatherlip's Huron-Wyandot identity. Claims Nottoway, Naudowessie, and Huron are the same. Recounts how Tuscarora broke from Haudenosaunee.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Haudenosaunee | Shawnee | Nanticoke | Lenape | Onondaga
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Lenape
Language(s): English | German
Date: 1741-1822
Type:Text
Extent: 1 reel
Description: Materials from the Moravian Archives, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. These papers include letters, reports, and journals relating to Indians, Moravian missions, and communities at Salem (N.C.), Bethlehem (Pa.), and Gnadenhütten, Muskingum, and Fairfield in Upper Canada. Also included are personal correspondence and an autobiography. Contains 86 letters, journals, reports, etc., pertaining to the travels and missionary activities of Heckewelder, mostly in German. Also includes 7 journals, memoranda, and miscellaneous materials of David Zeisberger, pertaining to his years with Indians. Many of the former materials were utilized and published by Paul A. W. Wallace (1958); the latter includes Zeisberger's Memoranda on Indians; Journey to the Six Nations, Nanticokes and Shawanees in April, 1752, to July, 1752; Conrad Weiser, Observations made on the pamphlet entitled "An enquiry ... [1759]"; Birth records for the 1780s at Friedenshutten and Gnadenhütten; Catalogue of Indians baptized by the United Brethren, 1765-1814 (721 names); and a memorandum of Zeisberger on the Onondaga.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters and manuscripts (Mss.Film.514)

Mohawk | Onondaga
Language(s): English
Date: July 30, 1818
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 1 Letter
Description: Concerning his publication, Captain Pike's speech, and Zeisberger's manuscripts on Indian languages. Parts of the manuscript of the grammar and the dictionary are in the hand of Pyrlaeus; hence they are of Mohawk, rather than of Onondaga.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Anishinaabe | Ojibwe | Mohican
Alternate forms: Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa
Language(s): English
Date: 1819-1821
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 letters
Description: Concerning the printing and distribution of his Dencke was retired from Upper Canada for drinking; Heckewelder can't ask him to do a grammar of the Chippewa using Zeisberger as a model. Discusses Indian vocabularies being collected by Du Ponceau. Sends vocabulary compiled from Carver (C) and Samuel White (S), a Nanticoke. Heckewelder has little knowledge of the Mahicanni [Mohican]; suggests missionary, Sargeant.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Onondaga
Language(s): English
Date: March 11, 1818; July 29, 1818
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 letters
Description: Forwards Zeisberger's book and a brief biography of him to the American Philosophical Society. Will send the Historical and Literary Committee papers dealing with Indian affairs, in the hands of Franklin, Weiser, Parsons, and Horsfield. Concerning an article by Zeisberger. Last half of an Onondaga dictionary done approximately 1764. Corrections for his publications. Is forwarding a dictionary, by Zeisberger, of the Indian languages. Part 1 of the dictionary has been found. It is to be returned, and the grammar too. Concerning Heckewelder's attitudes towards Indian cruelty and towards Du Ponceau's rewriting the book.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)