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Karuk
Alternate forms: Karok
Language(s): Karuk | English | Spanish
Date: 1949-2006
Extent: 4 linear feet
Description: From the age of 21 throughout his life, William Bright worked with Karuk speakers to document and revitalize their language, resulting in becoming the first white honorary member of the Karuk tribe. The most prominent materials at the American Philosophical Society as a result are wide-ranging audio recordings, from the 1950s until the 2000s (Series 6), especially with Violet Super. With Susan Gehr, he produced a Karuk language dictionary, correspondence with whom (Series 1) contains draft texts. With the Karuk he contributed considerably to the literature on Coyote in particular, original transcriptions of which are in notebooks in Series 3 Subseries 1, and further developments in Series 2. He also collected many small publications about Karuk, in the same series. Additionally of interest in Series 1 is correspondence about the suspected arson of a'tim'îin, the Karuk sacred site near Somes Bar, CA. Karuk materials can be found in every series.
Collection: William O. Bright Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.142)

Takelma | Umpqua
Language(s): Takelma | English
Date: 1977-2008
Extent: 3 linear feet; 6 hours (audio)
Description: The majority of Daythal Kendall's linguistic and ethnographic research was on Takelma, and so Takelma materials can be found throughout his collection. He built a large corpus of Takelma lexical items from sources including Edward Sapir's Takelma grammar (of which he hand-annotated many copies) and other works by W. H. Barnhardt, J. P. Harrington and others, some results of which were lexical slip files, in Series 8. From his dissertation in 1977 until the 2000s he worked on Takelma grammar and poetry, including many Coyote stories. There is a dedicated subseries to his research file for Takelma that reflects these. Extensive comparisons with other hypothesized Penutian languages can be found throughout, including in the correspondence Series 1. He also photographed Takelma baskets and the traditional Takelma landscape in several visits to the Takelma community, which can be found in Series 9. Series 11 contains audiocassette recordings of interviews with Verna Kentta, Carl Kentta, Grace Castle, and Clara Riggs.
Collection: Daythal L. Kendall Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.148)

Yuki
Language(s): Yuki | English
Date: 1900-1972
Extent: 7.25 linear feet, 1 hour (audio)
Description: The Yuki materials in the Harvey Pitkin Papers constitute an extensive body of original documentation and linguistic analysis of the Yuki language, a language isolate of northern California. These materials are located almost entirely in "Series II: Yuki materials." This section contains materials recorded and analyzed Pitkin, but predominantly contains stories and other primary text materials (some originals, some as photocopies) recorded and analyzed by other linguists, mainly Alfred Kroeber, as well as briefer materials by Fanggui Li, Hans Uldall, Harold Driver, J.P. Harrington, and Dell Hymes. This section is split in to four sub-series: "Research Notes," "Vocabularies and slip files," "Texts and manuscripts," "Phonetic tracings," and "Correspondence." Some of the Kroeber materials in this collection are photocopies of materials now at the California Language Archive. The only speaker clearly identified as sources are Ralph Moore of Round Valley, though some of the materials may contain other named speakers further within the documents or as initials. The collection also includes Kroeber's kymographs and palatograms of Ralph Moore's speech. Many of the listings contain partial contents descriptions such as titles of stories. Finally, "Series 7: Recordings," includes copies of two sets of recordings, one from 1931, and another from 1972.
Collection: Harvey Pitkin Papers (Mss.Ms.Coll.78)