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Chemakum | Quileute | Klallam
Alternate forms: Chimakum, S'Klallam, Clallam, nəxʷsƛ̕ay̕əm
Language(s): English | Chemakum | Quileute | Klallam
Date: 1853?; 1890; 1928; 1930; 1953;
Type:Text
Extent: 45 pages; 1 notebook (14 pages); Circa 1,500 slips
Description: The Chemakum materials in the ACLS collection consist of 5 items in the "Chimakum" section of the finding aid. The earliest item is a word list recorded by George Gibbs, circa 1853, from a woman named Jule, slave and mistress of King George, a Clallam chief. This list is in English orthography with accents marked, and includes parts of body, household objects, material objects, animals, adverbs, verbs. Subsequent fieldwork includes a notebook by Manuel Andrade, containing an English-Chimakum vocabulary, with an attempt to verify use of consultant Louise Webster by Franz Boas at Port Gamble in 1890. Additional material includes linguistic analyses by Sapir and Swadesh. Lastly, an extensive lexicon of over 1,500 slips was compiled by Franz Boas, based upon field work conducted in 1890. Boas's original field notebook is found as Notebook 3 in "Field notes on Chinookan and Salishan languages and Gitamat], Molala, and Masset ," located in the "Chinook" section of the finding aid. Some Klallam language information may be intermixed with the Chimakum language information, but not currently distinguished.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)

Lekwungen
Alternate forms: Lekungen, Lkwungen, Songhees, Songish
Language(s): English | Salish, Straits
Date: 1888, 1890, 1900
Type:Text
Extent: 70+ pages
Description: The Lekwungen materials in the ACLS collection consist of 3 items. In the "Clallam" section of the finding aid, "Clallam and Songish vocabularies" consists of a copy of George Gibbs' 1863 Clallam vocabulary, with comparisons of Lkungen with other languages, English-Lkungen vocabulary, miscellaneous sentences and names. In the "Chinook" section, Boas' "Field notes on Tillamook and Chinookan dialects" contains physical notes on Lkungen ("Songish") skulls collected in an earlier fieldwork trip. Finally, in the "Salish" section, Boas' "Comparative vocabularies of eight Salishan languages" contains 532 alphabetically arranged English items with equivalents in multiple languages, including Lkungen.
Collection: ACLS Collection (American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Native American Languages, American Philosophical Society) (Mss.497.3.B63c)