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Cherokee
Language(s): English
Date: circa 1787
Type:Text
Extent: 1 Letter
Description: Describes dinner with Benjamin Franklin and visiting Indians. Indians include a "clever" young Cherokee; the "old King" and his wife. Amused at their "civilized" dress. Behaved well; Council also at banquet.
Collection: Hewson Family Papers (Mss.B.H492.b)

Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1763
Type:Text
Extent: 48 letters
Description: Correspondence during the Seven Years' War (1754-1763) regarding the Treaty of Easton, with particular attention to Teedyuscung and the Moravian Indians. One letter from Timothy Horsfled to Benjamin Franklin regards how Indians with smallpox were treated.
Collection: Timothy Horsfield Papers (974.8 H78)  Section 2 (Mss.974.8.H78)

Language(s): English
Date: 1755-56
Type:Text
Genre: Essays
Extent: 2 items
Description: One item is a memorandum of events leading up to the French and Indian war, in chronological order 1749-1756, written by Franklin in 1756. The other is a compilation of various authors' printed arguments in favor of concerted and vigorous action against the French and Indians, including the suggestion that, if young ladies will withhold their favors from young men until the defeat of the Ohio has been avenged, the young men will show courage.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Haudenosaunee | Onondaga | Seneca | Oneida | Mohawk | Shawnee
Alternate forms: Iroquois, Six Nations
Language(s): English
Date: 1753-1784
Type:Text
Extent: 9 items
Description: Various materials, including Franklin's account of a conference at Carlisle, his "Draught of the plan of Union Proposed at Albany," and his (incomplete) "The Savages of North America." Other items include letters regarding Indian affairs, particularly Sir William Johnson's efforts among the Six Nations, the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, uneasiness of many Indians at British and American encroachment, and predisposition of many frontierspeople to kill Indians; a 1777 deposition by Moses Younglove describing ill-treatment of American prisoners and cannibalism by Indians with British consent following battle of Orisknie; and John Wheelock's "Historical account of the rise and progress of Moor's Charity School and the Institution at Dartmouth." Indivduals mentioned include Conrad Weiser, George Croghan, Andrew Montour, Half-king, and Sir William Johnson. Native groups mentioned include the Six Nations, Onondagas, Oneidas, Mohawks, Senecas, and Shawnees.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Language(s): French | English
Date: 1762-1788
Type:Text
Extent: 7 items
Description: Materials include letters with French correspondents regarding Franklin's Remarks on the Savages, Cadet de Vaux's proposed essay on Indian corn, and Father Frederick's missionary work; a letter regarding Sir William Johnson and Indian affairs; an essay by an unknown auther objecting to backcountry settlement; and a declaration of a charitable trust established by the Earl of Dartmouth and Trustees in England of the Indian Charity School in Connecticut. Individuals mentioned include Samson Occom, Whittaker, John Wheelock, Sir William Johnson.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)

Onondaga
Language(s): English
Date: March 11, 1818; July 29, 1818
Subject: Linguistics
Type:Text
Extent: 3 letters
Description: Forwards Zeisberger's book and a brief biography of him to the American Philosophical Society. Will send the Historical and Literary Committee papers dealing with Indian affairs, in the hands of Franklin, Weiser, Parsons, and Horsfield. Concerning an article by Zeisberger. Last half of an Onondaga dictionary done approximately 1764. Corrections for his publications. Is forwarding a dictionary, by Zeisberger, of the Indian languages. Part 1 of the dictionary has been found. It is to be returned, and the grammar too. Concerning Heckewelder's attitudes towards Indian cruelty and towards Du Ponceau's rewriting the book.
Collection: John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau  (Mss.497.3 H35o)

Lenape
Alternate forms: Lenape
Language(s): English
Date: 1755-1782
Type:Text
Extent: 22 items
Description: Correspondence and one report relating to Pennsylvania Indian affairs during the Seven Years' War and Revolutionary War eras. Topics include hostilities between Indians and colonists; murders of Indians, particularly the Frederick Stump affair and a massacre at Shamokin; traders' abuses, fears, and losses; suspicion of Proprietary regarding its relations with Indians; Quakers' efforts to make peace with native neighbors; the so-called Black Boys Rebellion in 1765; land grants as restitution to those who sustained losses during wars with Indians. Individuals mentioned include George Croghan, Aliquippy, Thomas Walpole, Mr. Dagge, Ralph Fretwell, Captain [Robert] Callender, Joseph Fox, Joseph Galloway, John Hughes, Edward Pennington, and Samuel Rhoads.
Collection: Benjamin Franklin Papers (Mss.B.F85)